Sample Communication Paper on The Effects of Social Media on Teenagers

The Effects of Social Media on Teenagers

Over the past two years, the internet has played a huge role in its service socially, spiritually, academically, and financially. Social media is a part of the internet that facilitates quick electronic communication amongst users in different parts of the world.  It has become a huge benefit to teenagers; from building social networks, fast communication, academic research, and entertainment. However, social media has negative impacts on teenagers among them, low self -esteem, cyber bullying, and internet addiction.

Low Self-Esteem

Various social media sites; Instagram, WhatsApp, Facebook, and TikTok, just to mention but a few, have given teenagers access to the unrealistic flashy lives of celebrities, friends, and family hence affecting their personal view about themselves. Teenagers are still growing and may not have come to the true identity of themselves (Steinsbekk et al., 2021). Therefore, they, fall prey to whatever they come across in the social spaces which in the long run lowers their self-esteem. Low self-esteem affects how they show up to the world and hinders them from tapping into their full potential.

Cyber bullying

Cyber bullying is the act of social harassment in cyberspace through threatening or intimidating messages and comments. Common examples of cyber bullying are body shaming, account hacking, rumour-mongering, and rude utterances. All these cause withdrawal symptoms that may hinder the quality of an individual’s output both academically and socially. Other than that, boys and girls may develop depression as they tend to keep such challenges to themselves which can lead to suicidal thoughts. Cyber bullying also causes unruly behaviours where they tend to develop mean characters from peer influence (García-Fernández et al., 2022) .They may end up being inconsiderate to others and suffer major consequences.

Internet Addiction

Social media can be very addictive, the more it is accessed the more adventurous it becomes (Quaglieri et al., 2022). Teenagers tend to focus more on the internet rather than their academics and personal lives which causes a negative shift in their performance. Personal growth is paralyzed in the long run. They also spend more time consuming lots of addictive junk such as pornography, which is dangerous to both their mental and spiritual health.

Teenagers fall victim of low self- esteem, cyber bullying, and internet addiction due to their impulsive nature. Therefore, parents and guardians should be more intentional in ensuring that their children are restricted in the cyberspace by; setting reasonable limits, monitoring their children’s account, indulging them in other entertainment activities, encouraging face to face contacts with friends, and talking to them about the effects of social media.




García-Fernández, C. M., Moreno-Moya, M., Ortega-Ruiz, R., & Romera, E. M. (2022).

Adolescent involvement in cyber gossip: influence on social adjustment, bullying and cyber bullying. The Spanish Journal of Psychology25.

Quaglieri, A., Biondi, S., Roma, P., Varchetta, M., Fraschetti, A., Burrai, J., & Mari, E.              (2022). From Emotional (Dys) Regulation to Internet Addiction: A Mediation Model

of Problematic Social Media Use among Italian Young Adults. Journal of Clinical Medicine11(1), 188.

Steinsbekk, S., Wichstrøm, L., Stenseng, F., Nesi, J., Hygen, B. W., & Skalická, V. (2021).

The impact of social media use on appearance self-esteem from childhood to adolescence–A 3-wave community study. Computers in Human Behaviour114, 106528.