Q1.Identify the assumptions of external adaption issues.
- Assumption about mission and strategy.
- Assumptions about the organization goals that are derived from the mission.
- Assumptions shared on how to achieve the set goals
- Assumptions on how to measure the results.
- Assumptions on remedial and repair strategies
Q2. Identify the Problems of Internal Integration.
- Developing a common language and categories of concepts.
- Definition of group boundaries and criteria for including and excluding members.
- Criteria and regulations of distributing power and status among the members.
- Coming up with regulations and rules for friendship and intimacy.
- How to allocate rewards and punishment to members.
- How to manage the unmanageable and to explain the unexplainable issues
Q3. Reality can exist at the physical, group, and individual levels, explain the difference between them.
- Physical reality involves things that can be empirically obtained in scientific tests or by objective.
- Group reality refers to the things that group member’s view as consensus matters that cannot be tested empirically.
- Individual reality refers to those things that a person has learned through his/her own experience that contain a quality of truth to such an individual.
Q4. In England’s study of managerial values, he found that managers in different countries tended to be either pragmatic or moralistic. Define each and explain which one you believe is more effective and why?
Pragmatic is where an individual decides to seek validation of certain issues from their own experience while Moralistic entails the seeking of validation in a moral criterion, general philosophy or tradition. I do believe that being moralistic is most effective because it is procedural hence there are high chances of attaining the goals. Moreover, being moralistic makes an individual to become clear and avoid being ambiguous in his/her communications.
Schein, E. H. (2010). Organizational culture and leadership (4th Ed). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.