Sample Business Studies Research Paper on The research proposal on the effect of Incarceration on Children

The research proposal on the effect of Incarceration on Children

            A study conducted by Bruce and Becky (2010), indicates that there are more than 2.7 million children whose parents are incarcerated. The figure is very high, necessitating the current study that aims to establish how the incarceration affects the children. Previous research indicates that incarceration has adverse impacts on the children that include anxiety, insomnia and depression (De Masi, Benson & Bohn, 2010).  The absence of parental care as the children grow up may lead to behavioral problems among the children thus increasing their chances of incarceration in future.  Most of the children that are affected by the adverse impacts of incarceration are African Americans and the Hispanics. In an era where racial equality is advocated, there is need to address the issue to make sure that the emotional and physical development of the children is protected. 

             The African American and Hispanic children whose parents are incarcerated have fewer chances of success in their future life because the emotional instability may lead to poor academic performance in school. In the modern society, the present academic performance of the children determines their future economic success because for them to secure jobs they have to excel academically. The poor financial status that the children may suffer from when their parents are incarcerated also affects their chances of academic excellence. With the high rate of incarceration increasing by the day, the development of these children is at risk.  The current study will thus be useful in enhancing equality among the children in the United States. The findings of the study may be used by policy makers in addressing the impact of incarceration on children. By understanding how the children are affected by the incarceration, it is possible to come up with measures that would enhance the welfare of the children.   The following is the methodology that will be used to collect data on the study so as to examine how incarceration affects children.

Methodology

            The study will adopt a qualitative research design because it is helpful in gaining a clear understanding of the impacts of a phenomenon on human life.  The method is suitable for the current study that seeks to examine how children are affected by incarceration. Using the qualitative research design, it will be possible to develop ideas on the measures that can be adopted to reduce the adverse impacts of the incarceration.  The method allows for an in-depth investigation of a given phenomenon, which is a crucial aspect in making the current study effective (Neuman, 2005).  The choice of the research design used in the study determines the data collection tools to be used. In the current study, the exploratory nature of the research question makes in-depth interviews the most suitable approach to data collection. Using the interviews, it is possible for the researchers to identify the common problems faced by the children who are forced to grow up without their parents due to incarceration.  The interviews in the study will be based on open-ended questions to provide room for the researchers to identify the challenges that face these children.  The nature of the questions will enable the respondents to express their views on how incarceration affects them, thus providing a deeper insight into the problem (Crouch & McKenzie, 2006). To effectively obtain information from the children, the researchers will need to conduct the interview using informal conversations.

            Unlike the quantitative research where a large sample size is desired for accurate conclusion, qualitative study does not focus on the sample size but the quality of information collected. To minimize the amount of resources used in the study, the data will be collected on convenience population of children’s home. This will reduce the time and other resources such as transport cost that would otherwise be used in gathering data from respondents located in different geographical areas. Data will be recorded and transcribed later for easier analysis so as to reach an accurate conclusion.  The study will involve collection of data from   100 children from St. PJ’s children’s home located in Texas.  About 50% of the population to be interviewed will be African Americans and Hispanics because they are the most affected, going by previous studies. Only the children who are victims of incarceration will be involved in the study so as to ensure accuracy of data. The other factor that determines the accuracy of data ion studies involving children is their age (Rabiee, 2004). The study will require the participants to be aged between 12 and 15 years.  The data collection will begin with a briefing that will inform the children about the importance of the information they provide in enhancing their welfare. The researchers will then collect data by recording the informal conversations with the children.  The main focus of the interviews will be the academic performance and social interaction of the children before and after the incarceration.  Once data is collected, it will be analyzed through coding method because it is easy to understand.

References

Crouch, M., & McKenzie, H. (2006). The logic of small samples in interview-based           qualitative             research. Social science information45(4), 483-499.

De Masi, M. E., Benson, D. A., & Bohn, C. T. (2010). Children with incarcerated parents: A        journey of children, caregivers and parents in New York state. Council on Children        and Families.

Neuman, W. L. (2005). Social research methods: Quantitative and qualitative         approaches (Vol.        13). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Rabiee, F. (2004). Focus-group interview and data analysis. Proceedings of the nutrition    society63(04), 655-660.

Western Bruce and Petit Becky. The Pew Charitable Trusts. Collateral Costs: Incarceration’s        Effect on Economic Mobility, 2010.