Discuss manufacturing applications
Manufacturing is the production of products for use or sale using labor and machines, tools chemical, and biological processing or formulation.(Karpinski & Wink, 2012) The applications of manufacturing or rather manufacturing applications refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but most commonly applied to industrial design, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale.(Tsai, Chen, Leu, Chang, & Lin, 2013)
Production mix is an example of a manufacturing application; the purpose of a production mix is to maximize profit bearing in mind the constraints the materials used for production pose. A production mix comes about or is a problem where, for instance, a company wants to produce a certain product say x, the company has to meet a myriad of constraints, ranging from financial concerns to sales demand to material constraints to union labor demands whereas the company’s primary goal I to generate the largest profit possible. The company will thus develop a production mix that will help it to make decisions on suppliers of the products or raw materials for the production of product x, where they will be supplied with the minimum quantity of each tie of the materials they need say, material a, b, c but allow for a larger demand if the company chooses to meet the demand.
Production mix problem offers workarounds on efficiency and profit maximization in form of:
single piece flow where single pieces for each operation are used rather than lots during the manufacturing process.
Batch operations, in this kind of manufacturing process, pieces flow in batches where processing of all the pieces is started and finished at the same time.
There are also the outside processing operations; where the materials are sent to outside processing subcontractors.
To sum it up, manufacturing application on production mix is a way in which companies figure out how to model their operations to maximize profits and reduce on cost.
Karpinski, A., & Wink, R. (2012). Manufacturing Processes. In Industrial High Pressure Applications: Processes, Equipment and Safety. https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527652655.ch11
Tsai, W. H., Chen, H. C., Leu, J. Der, Chang, Y. C., & Lin, T. W. (2013). A product-mix decision model using green manufacturing technologies under activity-based costing. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.04.011