Eight Components of Safety Management
Work performance can be affected by lack of knowledge or experience. To mitigate these negative effects on individual performance, it is essential that I evaluate my training on the failed sector. I can apply this by indentifying what I have learnt and failed to learn. I can identify areas I have managed to apply the acquired knowledge and those I cannot apply the knowledge. I should besides understand my strong and weak areas by personalizing my job. I should seek further training and knowledge on the weak areas and practice what I have learnt.
The eight components of safety management are safety policy, safety risk management, safety assurance, safety promotion, safety planning and implementation, safety evaluation, and safety organizing. Safety policy deals with the establishment of the statements as part of the requirements, organizational tools are effective in the decision making process where roles and accountability are defined. Planning and implementation enables the management refers to laws and standards related to the organization at large. Evaluation tools are essential in the measurement and grading of the tools. They enable create approaches of reporting events and accidents as they occur. Risk management determines the necessity for risk controls based on the evaluation conducted. Risk assurance evaluates constant effectiveness of risk strategies and support, while safety promotion relates with the training, communication and positive related actions within the organization.
Human factors refer to elements within a work place that result to errors. Human factors can assume time pressure, competence, workload while human error refer to mistakes done by workers in their places of work.
To overcome challenges related to physical or psychological factors, it is necessary for a worker to rest and eat adequately as well as work in a team. Exercising of the acquired knowledge enables the worker find personal corrections before accidents. Working in well lit and ventilated areas is also beneficial.
Reactive organizational safety transition deals with actions after the occurrence of an accident while proactive safety transition deals with measures taken within the time limit set in preparation against occurrences. Predictive measures are those assumed to prevent occurrences of accidents and events within an organization.
Among the dangerous attitudes, I am greatly affected by the impulsivity attitude. I always feel that whatever I do I finish quickly. To overcome this attitude, I need to think first instead of acting fast.
The main elements in situational awareness include stress, which can be caused by the need to cope, mental and physical stressors and demands. There is the risk management and pilot’s checklist, and hazardous attitudes. Risk management refers to the idea of the pilot being ready to fly after checking out that all the requirements are available. This is to reduce chances of occurrences of risks.
To reduce psychological factors for peak job performance, it is necessary that an individual ignore any bad news, concentrate on the work and avoid stress causers. Being calm and proactive are other means of reducing such problems within the work.
Asking for help is essential at all times. Pilots are expected to acquire assistance from the ground in case of emergency
It is essential to always plan ahead of time on the activities to carry out and the work place and the route to apply. This reduces confusion and human errors
Workers are always advised to be always on time. Being proactive at all times reduces much stress to keep up with time and meet deadlines
To overcome these challenges, it is essential to work as a team with the co-pilot or colleague, conduct self evaluation and communicate with the safety committee.
To overcome fatigue, it is essential to find adequate rest, work within the set time and concentrate on the job instead of other issues as they cross the mind. It is advisable to remain calm all through and coordinate with the co-pilot and the safety team.
CRQ # 5
- a) Human errors brought by the safety team and the pilots results to great loss of individuals and control within the landing area
- b) Pilots and the safety team are expected to coordinate with each other to ensure safe landing of an aircraft.
- Among the organizational influence factors that contributed to the accident includes disorganization within the team and lack of risk management skills in the management. Disorganization resulted to confusion of the landing of both aircrafts and control of the airspace. Absence of risk management skills resulted to maintenance and pilot errors, and technical failures. Bad weather could also be a cause of the accident which could result to poor visualization of the pilots and the landing coordinators.
- Improved infrastructure and lighting system could have prevented the issue of visualization of the workers in the landing site. Improved risk management skills among the workers in the aircraft and the pilot could have resolved pilot errors. Coordination and teamwork could have reduced chanced of disorganization. Poor planning and supervision are also preventable causes of the accidents
- Unsafe supervision factors that could have led to the accident are inadequate supervision, supervision violation and failure of correct priori problems. To counter these problems, it is necessary to enforce rules and regulations, pair the crew and focus on risk management measures. Supervisors are expected to conduct effective guidance and training, and ensure effective and safe performance of tasks.
- Unsafe factors contributing to the accident include routine violations and exceptional violations could have been possible causes of the accident and decision and skill-based errors from the operator executing a routine action.
- Environmental factors such as poor weather and altitude are causes of the accident. The design and control of the aircrafts automation and task factors are also possible precondition causes. The crew was poorly coordinated and failed to work as a team, which can be avoided by teamwork and prior planning.
1. Poor training and equipping of the pilot led to the accident and poor planning operation. The pilot as ill trained and the safety crew failed to assist and respond to the pilot to prevent the accident.
2. I partly agree with the person as the findings affirmed that the real cause was pilot error. The findings highlighted that the pilot left to rest during a critical time and left the co-pilot to control the flight. Instead of the co-pilot raising the alarm of a risk, he went on the assume that all was well. The safety crew is also to be blamed as they failed to respond to the alarm raised in the craft.
3. The main unsafe act factors that led to the accident are skill based errors where the co-pilot was incompetent to deal with risky issues as they arose. The co-pilot failed to check the pilots list and prioritize on any danger signs in the craft. The alarm raised was ignored raising perceptual error of the crew. They degraded the alarm and further violated management rules in cases of emergency
4. Improved technology goes together with improved skills and training, without which one results to failure. The aircraft was advanced in technology yet the co-pilot and the pilot lacked sufficient knowledge managing the device. Advanced technology enables the aviation crew manage and overcome risks. It is also essential in the planning and training sessions. However, proper training is necessary.
5. One precondition resulting to the accident is technological environment. The pilot was fatigued and rested while the co-pilot was physically and mentally limited to operate the aircraft, in addition to limited skills to operate the device.
6. Organizational influence that contributed to the accident is the limited resource management. The machine was well maintained while the human resource was poorly trained.
7. a) Pilots and co-pilots needs advanced training to control advance aircrafts.
b) The pilot and the safety crew need to coordinate to ensure safe landing.
CRQ # 7
- Among the preconditions, include physical environment which refers to the weather and altitude. Technological environment which comprises of layout and automation.
- Condition of operators may be advanced mental and psychological which requires medical assistance or rest. Personnel factors can be in form of crew resource and personnel readiness.
- When an operation has been applied which is contrary the operations in emergencies, more damage can be done. The daily operational activities within the organization can affect the outcome of managing an emergency.
- Decision making and perpetual errors because of operators degradation of the information given. Exception violations where a subject may violate management instructions
- Failure to correct an oversight and deficiencies from the supervisors’ control was a major unsafe act factor that led to the accident. In this case disregard of enforcement rules and inadequate documentation are major cause of this accident.
- Among the flight skills included reading the checklist and coordinating with the ground crew to confirm the rules. Additionally, they managed to prioritize their actions, which enabled them to rule out errors.
- Aircrew 32 had various causes, among them technical and maintenance errors. The crew was misinformed, had various problems and lacked necessary skills to manage the emergency. In the other aircraft, the pilot realized the problem, raised an alarm and took control of the craft.