Sample Aviation Essay Paper on Summary-Principles of Airline Travel

Summary-Principles of Airline Travel

The key factors to consider for airline scheduling are the provision of excellent public service that is consistent with the financial health of the carrier. An aircraft must be scheduled so that adequate time is allowed for routine maintenance and for the buffer to meet the maintenance requirements that are unscheduled. Rest periods for crews must also be allowed to avoid overflying the maximum hours allowed. This paper seeks to give a summary of chapter 14 of the book “Air Transportation: A Management Perspective.”

This chapter begins by elaborating on various factors that affect the scheduling process. They are divided into two: internal and external factors. These factors include crews, equipment maintenance, facilities, and marketing factors among others. The scheduling department is headed by a director, and it works closely with all other departments in an organization. The primary role of the scheduling department is ensuring equipment’s are well maintained so that a safe and salable aircraft for every schedule is provided. The scheduling department operates under specific goals, which do not affect any safety issue. Such goals include personnel and workload, out of service time, use of facilities, and allowable time.

The author specifies various inputs that are required within the scheduling process. The chapter notes multiple operational factors concerning the crew scheduling and flight operations such as aircraft fuel capacity, crew time limits, air traffic control routings, airport runway lengths, and habitual adverse weather. Moreover, the schedule planner discusses schedule planning and coordination as a vital factor of consideration. It is within the marketing administration, and it oversees the entire system. However, in developing a schedule pattern, some complexities may arise including the sensitivity of salability, the problem of traffic flow, the financial leverage of load factors, and the operational difficulties of accomplishing the adjustment of  schedule as required due to problems associated with time zones, equipment turn around, chain reaction effect and station personnel.

Furthermore, different types of schedules are discussed in this chapter as well as equipment assignment. The scheduling department mostly refers to the system operations as either in service or out of service use. The in-service use refers to the aircraft that is being flown as a charter flight, an extra section, and on scheduled service. The out of service use relates to the aircraft that is temporarily assigned for maintenance checks, flight training, significant overhauls, and line reserves.

Nevertheless, scheduling is divided into four types that are cross connections or hub and spoke, non-stops, skip-stop, and local service. However, due to deregulation, significant changes in the schedule patterns and routines or the carriers have been identified. The catalyst for these changes has been noted as the increasing emphasis on the hub and spoke scheduling. This type of schedule has various advantages and disadvantages. The main advantage is the provision of an enormous multiplier effect concerning the number of city pairs that can be served by an airline with a certain amount of flight mileage (Wensveen, 2018). The main disadvantage of the hub and spoke is the congestion delay that leads to increased travel times and increased operational costs.

Mission of scheduling

The aircraft must be scheduled to ensure adequate time is allowed for routine maintenance and the buffer meets the unscheduled maintenance requirements. According to Wensveen (2018), the primary mission of any airline company is the provision of adequate services to all the places it serves by ensuring their operations are in the most economical and efficient ways possible. Therefore, all airlines must provide a balance between economic strengths and adequate service for the company through a better airline-scheduling plan. Besides, it ensures that the available aircraft is allocated to the fleet as well as providing fleet diversity. As a result, scheduling is termed a vital function in the aviation industry.


Wensveen, J. (2018). Air Transportation: A Management Perspective. Milton: Taylor and Francis. Retrieved june 6, 2018 from