Sample Art Paper on Contemporary Art

Sample Art Paper on Contemporary Art

The contemporary art world is an entity in a constant state of flux. It is continuously transforming, renewing itself in multiple forms and variations. Some perceive the contemporary art world as pluralistic, continually breaking down barriers between different art forms and mediums to create something new and innovative (Stallabrass, 2020). Yet more reactionary voices decry the modern-day confusion and call for the introduction of order, structure, and tradition into what they see as an increasingly chaotic and disregardful scene.

In “The Plurality of the Contemporary Art World,” Hans Belting discusses that there are now multiple art worlds, each with its distinct history, traditions, and practices (Stallabrass, 2020). He argues that this plurality is a positive development, as it allows for a more open and inclusive art world that can accommodate various voices and perspectives. Elisa Hornberger’s short piece on recent calls to “de-colonize the museum” discusses how contemporary museums are grappling with their historical ties to colonialism and its aftermath in the present. She argues that while some museums are beginning to address these issues, many still fail to do so meaningfully.

Both Belting and Hornberger’s essays raise important issues about the contemporary museum. In particular, they highlight the need for museums to be more inclusive and to address their histories of colonialism and racism. The “Beyond the Museum’s Walls” video about the Museum of Contemporary Art, L.A. initiative underscores these points. The MOCA initiative is an excellent example of a museum trying to be more inclusive and reach out to traditionally excluded communities from the art world (Stallabrass, 2020). However, the video also shows that there is still a long way to go in de-colonizing the museum. For example, the video mentions that MOCA’s collection is still largely Eurocentric and that the museum has only recently begun acquiring works by artists of color.

Overall, Belting and Hornberger’s essays provide valuable insights into the contemporary museum. The “Beyond the Museum’s Walls” video further underscores the need for museums to be more inclusive and to address their histories of colonialism and racism.


contemporary paradigms of art

At least since 1900, artists have been laying the groundwork for contemporary paradigms of art (Fish, 2019). They have explored evolutionary, biogenetic, existential, phenomenologically, and even cross-cultural directions with various approaches, including automatic writing, randomized mark-making, and assemblage. In particular, Andy Warhol, Jackson Pollock, and Marcel Duchamp were three artists who had a tremendous influence over the arts in the 20th century. They contributed to the emergence of contemporary paradigms of art by revolutionizing what it meant to produce art and, in doing so, adding to the concept of what medium is viable for artistic expression (Fish, 2019). Andy Warhol, a pop art pioneer; Jackson Pollock, who developed the action painting technique; and Marcel Duchamp, who challenged traditional ideas about art with his ready-mades. These artists and others helped the contemporary art world, and their influence can still be seen today.

One of the ideas about Modern art made dominant by U.S. art critics such as Clement Greenberg in the mid-Twentieth century was that it should be abstract. This was in contrast to the traditional view that art should represent reality. Greenberg believed that abstraction was the essence of Modern art, and he championed the work of artists like Jackson Pollock, who was a pioneer of the Abstract Expressionist movement (Danto, 2021). Abstract Expressionism is an American painting movement that emerged in New York City in the 1940s and 50s. The name comes from the idea that abstract expressionists were trying to express emotion by breaking down their paintings into simple shapes and lines, allowing viewers to interpret emotions without requiring prior knowledge about what they were looking at. This interpretation was made possible by a new paint medium called Action painting or “action” painting, which would show visual action instead of serenity. Their work could be interpreted in many different ways depending on how it was viewed, which made it very open-ended and challenging to interpret (Fish, 2019).

Another idea about Modern art that Greenberg and other critics promoted was that it should be self-critical. This meant that artists should be aware of the history of art and the conventions they were working within and challenge these conventions in their work (Fish, 2019). The idea of Modern art being self-critical is impressment understanding how this form of art developed. It was not simply a reaction against surrealism or cubism; instead, it was a reaction against what came before it (Danto, 2021). The modernists wanted to move past centuries of artistic traditions and create something new from scratch. They tried to move away from focusing on objects and toward emphasizing images and ideas.

Marcel Duchamp was an influential artist who did this, and his ready-mades significantly challenged traditional ideas about art. This was exemplified by the work of Marcel Duchamp, who created Fountain, an artwork that existed only in its own exhibition space. In the 1960s, Greenberg argued that this art style was no longer relevant in contemporary society because it did not allow any discussion about the meaning behind the piece itself. He believed that artists should instead focus on how they were able to create something new and different from previous art objects (Danto, 2021).

Finally, Greenberg and other critics believed that Modern art should be universal. This meant that it should be accessible to everyone, regardless of background or education. Andy Warhol was an influential artist who promoted this idea, and his pop art was accessible to many people. All of these ideas about Modern art were influential in shaping the way that contemporary artists work. Warhol, Pollock, and Duchamp were all essential contributors to developing these ideas, and their work continues to be influential today.

Some of the historical transformations that gave rise to postmodernism in the visual arts over the 1960s-90s were the rise of new media, the growth of globalism, and the increase in consumer culture. These changes resulted in a more diverse range of art, which challenged traditional notions of what art could be.

New media, such as film, video, and photography, began to play a more critical role in the arts, and artists began experimenting with these new techniques (Fish, 2019). In 1968, Andy Warhol produced his first significant work using video: “Screen Tests.” This piece is considered one of the most influential pieces in the history of film and media because it represents the beginning of many trends in visual art over the next three decades: it is an example of how artists were beginning to think more critically about their work; it shows how artists were starting to view themselves through other people’s eyes, and it shows how artists were beginning to embrace technology as an artistic medium itself and not just as a way to make something look beautiful or engaging on a screen (Silva, 2020).

Globalism also had an impact, as artists became more aware of the different cultures and traditions that were out there. As the 1960s progressed, this new art form continued to develop and mature. During this period, there was a shift from realism to conceptualism in art. A few artists, such as Richard Serra and Jean-Michel Basquiat, took this idea one step further by creating more abstract works that still looked like sculptures or paintings (Silva, 2020). These artists broke down traditional ideas about sculpture and painting and reinterpreted them in new ways that spoke to their time. With Globalism came many different influences from around the world., For example, African art is trendy today because it is an essential part of world culture. Postmodernism grew out of this new interest in global culture and how it could be incorporated into the art.

And finally, Consumer culture is a term that encompasses how consumers are viewed as a source of profit for businesses and how enterprises use companies to create products and services that cater to the wants and needs of consumers. This way of viewing consumers has created new types of art over the 1960s and 1990s, especially in the visual arts. An example of this would be postmodernism in the visual arts. Postmodernism was initially a reaction against modernism, which was seen as an out-of-date movement that had become self-referential and self-consciously artistic. Postmodernists sought to create art that was more accessible and relatable art modernist work; they wanted to make their work more “pop. Postmodernism became popular with artists like Andy Warhol, who used his fame as an artist to sell his works in commercial advertising spaces around New York City’s Times Square district.

Different artists were influenced by the historical shifts that were taking place in the world, and their work reflects these changes (Fish, 2019). The rise of consumer culture direct affected Andy Warhol’s artwork. His work often featured images of popular culture icons, such as Marilyn Monroe and Elvis Presley. Warhol was interested in mass production and frequently used techniques like screen printing to create his work. This was in contrast to the traditional view that art should be handmade.

Warhol’s interest in mass production is evident in his paintings and sculptures, which were created using inexpensive materials like silk or aluminum foil. He also focused on creating an emotional connection with his audience through his use of repetition and repetition of motifs. This allowed him to create art that would be recognized by many people worldwide since it relied on universal themes like sex, death, and fame.

The rise of new media influenced Jackson Pollock’s artwork. He pioneered the Abstract Expressionist movement and often used techniques like dripping and pouring to create his work. The traditional view that art should be representational is an old idea challenged in the mid-20th century by artists like Jackson Pollock, who rejected it as too limiting. New media like television and radio could provide a unique perspective on art, allowing viewers to see things they might never have imagined (Fish, 2019). This allowed them to see themselves as part of an artistic community rather than isolated individuals. In addition to these new perspectives on art, there were also new ways to communicate with one another through new technologies like the telephone and email, which allowed people across the country or even across the world to share without ever having met in person beforehand.

The increase influenced Marcel Duchamp’s artwork on globalism. He was interested in the different cultures and traditions that were out there, and he often used ready-made in his work. This was in contrast to the traditional view that the artist should make art. Duchamp’s interest in the global context of art led him to explore ready-mades, which he considered “ready-made” objects that could be used as art pieces (Silva, 2020). In his piece Fountain, for example, he placed a urinal from a men’s room on a pedestal with a signed label reading “R. Mutt.” This was an interesting choice because it showed how people from different regions could have other ideas about what constituted art.




Chiang, D. (2019). Jackson Pollock and Basquiat as Modern Art Celebrities of the 20th Century (Doctoral dissertation, Azusa Pacific University).

Danto, A. C. (2021). After the End of Art: Contemporary Art and the Pale of History-Updated Edition (Vol. 112). Princeton University Press.

Fish, B. J. (2019). Response art in art therapy: Historical and contemporary overview. Art Therapy36(3), 122-132.


Stallabrass, J. (2020). Contemporary art: A very short introduction (Vol. 146). Oxford University Press, USA.