Sample Art Essay Paper on Art of Art Museum Visit

Art of Art Museum Visit

1. Look carefully at the marble panel from the Mughal period.

  1. First, connect its style and iconography to the earliest Islamic architectural reliefs seen at the Quwwat-ul Islam in Delhi. What sorts of imagery and designs did Islamic builders want for their architecture?

Islamic architectural reliefs were significant element that gave a magnificent taste to the building (Sahai 13). The Islamic builders capture images with geometric forms that represented the forms of shapes (Froom et al 28), plants and animals (especially birds) (Sinclair, Bleaney, and Suárez 345). The most distinguishing characteristic in Mughal period was the dominant used of ornamentation (), consisting of mosaic patterns, in white and colored marbles, lattice work, inlays and intricate carvings, and above all, the relief calligraphy in the walls (Stronge 1572).

The use of brighter color was preferred in the Mughal architecture (Cummins 721). Different decorative motifs that capture Arabic calligraphy were dominant design in the Muslim architecture (Hillenbrand 389). In addition, there were relief carvings of leaves and vines that expressed significant symbols in the society.

  • How is the panel’s design similar and how is it different?

The marbles panels bearing relief sculpture of flowers in vases captures some aspects of iconography that were employed in the Mughal period (Beach 78). Majority of the imagery curving used low relief pattern as in the marble panel (Qaisar and Som 251). However, the marble panel differ slightly from the motif design captured in the Quwwat ul-Islam in the in the sense that they were dominated by Arabic calligraphy (Mozzati 248).

2. The impact of the Mughal kitabkhana on painting in India was long lasting. After the dissolution of Mughal power in 1707 many of its artists and artisans left Delhi to work for Hindu rajas (kings) in other centers, bringing with them the core style and principles of Mughal painting and art.

  1. Viewing the two painting, I have listed write about their stylistic elements (color, line, space) and how they differ or remain the same as those of Mughal painting. Use one image from the Hamzanama and one image from the Akbarnama to make your comparisons and contrasts.

The two painting were done using opaque watercolors on paper. However, A Raja slays a tiger included the use of ink in order to bring out better clarity on the main objects. A sense of linear perspective on both painting has been used to create the impression of distance (Dickerson 152). The objects in the foreground appear bigger that the object in the middle and background. The rhythmic combination of colors effectively brings out realism and naturalism (Beach 214).

The painting, A Raja slays a tiger has harmonious combination of warm and cool colors. The warm colors have been used to bring out objects and main feature in the painting such as the tiger. Cool colors have been used to bring out the background, the trees and the sky. The painting of The Priests Hari Nath and Hari Krishan in conversation has dominantly made use of warm tone (Thapar 35). The background is painted orange making the main object (two men in white) stand out in clear outline. The artist made use of opaque watercolors on the paper to come out with a vivid painting.

The painting techniques employed in both painting involves the use of opaque watercolor on paper. This is similar to the Mughal painting that dominantly made use of opaque watercolor to bring out elements of realism and naturalism (Beach 21). Mughal paintings are quite remarkable for their requisite linear drawing, subtle combination of warm, cool and neutral tones and meticulous treatment of details (Stronge 327). This characteristics are evident in paintings such as; Akbar on a hunt and The Battle of Mazandaran. However, The Battle of Mazandaran from Hamzanama makes use color variation to bring out realism.

  • What are the subjects of these paintings and how are they similar to images in the Akbarnama? Give the names of the images of the Akbarnama that you are referring to.

The themes of the two painting are not similar considering the manner in which the objects have been portrayed. A Raja slays a tiger painting brings out human struggle with the wildlife. At the center, there is a man on a horse, using javelin to attack a tiger that seem fight back. There are other people beside the horse also attacking the tiger. It seems that tigers were common human predator at the time. However, people united to fight the tigers using simple weapons such as spears. The same theme is portrayed in Akbar on a hunt where Akbar hunts the wild animals using his spear. There are wild animals such elephant, wildebeests and wild dogs. Akbar on a hunt is obtained from Akbarnama which mean book Akbar was officially commissioned chronicle in the reign of Akbar.

The Priests Hari Nath and Hari Krishan in conversation portray a religious theme, where men approached the priest to get divine counsel. It seems that religion and spiritual aspects were vital in the society at that time. Priests were respected and men could approach them in a respectable manner. In Akbar on a hunt there is a priest seated near the entrance of what seen to be a worship house. Therefore, there is continuation of the theme of religion in this painting.

Work Cited

Beach, Milo C. Mughal and Rajput Painting. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. Print.

Cummins, Joan. Indian Painting: From Cave Temples to the Colonial Period. Boston: MFA Publications, 2006. Print.

Dickerson, Madelynn. The Handy Art History Answer Book. , 2013. Print.

Froom, Aimée, Forrest McGill, and Kazuhiro Tsuruta. Persian Ceramics: From the Collections of the Asian Art Museum. San Francisco, Calif: Asian Art Museum, Chong-Moon Lee Center for Asian Art and Culture, 2008. Print.

Hillenbrand, Robert. Islamic Architecture: Form, Function, and Meaning. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. Print.

Itewi, Mahmoud. “Environment And Islamic Architecture. Review And Analysis.” International Journal Of Academic Research 4.6 (2012): 104-110. Academic Search Premier. Web. 18 Nov. 2015.

Lewis, Michael J. “Islam By Any Other Name.” New Criterion 30.4 (2011): 13-17. Academic Search Premier. Web. 18 Nov. 2015.

Mozzati, Luca. Islamic Art: Architecture, Painting, Calligraphy, Ceramics, Glass, Carpets. Munich: Prestel, 2010. Print.

Qaisar, Ahsan J, and Som P. Verma. Art and Culture: Painting and Perspective. New Delhi: Abhinav Publications, 2002. Print.

Sahai, Surendra. Indian Architecture: Islamic Period : 1192-1857. New Delhi: Prakash Books, 2004. Print.

Sinclair, Susan, C H. Bleaney, and Suárez P. García. Bibliography of Art and Architecture in the Islamic World. , 2012. Print.

Stronge, Susan. Painting for the Mughal Emperor: The Art of the Book, 1560-1660. London: V&A Publications, 2002. Print.

Thapar, Bindia. Introduction to Indian Architecture. Singapore: Periplus, 2004. Print.