Research Paper Writing Help on Tennis



            This study is about the game of Tennis. The main purpose of carrying out this interview is to object the notion that African Americans are better players than the Whites in the game of tennis. The study also seeks to highlight how a person can rise to become the best in the game of tennis. From this study, the love and the benefits of playing tennis will also be accentuated.  Background of the game is clearly outlines and the main findings are discussed.

Justification and Intent

            There are many assumptions and false theories related to the game of tennis (Collins, 2010). Among these false presumptions is that the game of tennis is better suited for the African Americans. This is because they are stronger and more agile. Therefore, they are more likely to quickly score against their opponents. Another theory is that women are worse players than men are (Caganova, Cambal, &WeidlichovaLuptakova, 2010). In addition to this, people have been assuming that tennis is a difficult game to play. This is however not the case as the game requires s positive attitude, hard work and exercise. This study has been carried out mainly through interviews and through review of previous studies to assert that anyone can be an excellent tennis player. The study emphasizes that anyone who desires to play can excel in the game of tennis.

Through the interview carried out to a tennis female coach, who is from the White race. The study seeks to object these presumptions. The coach was chosen as she has trained so many of the international players, she has risen to be among the best coaches internationally. Moreover, she has the spirit and the desire to see people love the game and more players come out to undertake this as a career venture. This is because she began to play at an early stage, rose to become the best female player and still goes on to coach people. This female coach helps to object the theories that women especially from the white descent can never play and stand out in the game of tennis. She asserts that the love of the game will see every player discipline themselves, involve in vigorous training, and overcome as an individual.

Through sharing her life experiences as a coach and a player, the public will come to change their perception about tennis as a game and about female players from other races. Moreover, this is also an encouragement to the players to keep on playing and aim for the highest as it is possible to overcome every barrier. To other races, the female coach stands as proof that it is possible to make it to the highest seat as long as one is determined. In addition to this, the public will come to realize that tennis is just like any other career as it is an income earner.

Literature Review

            Tennis is one of the oldest racquet sports to be played as a person against an opponent or as pairs against opponents (Gardener, 2001). There is the use of racquet and a ball. The racquet has a cord with which to strike the hollow rubber ball to the court of the opponent. The main purpose of playing this game is to strike the ball in such a manner that the opponent has a less likely chance of playing a good return. As the opponent fails to return t eh ball, s/he fails to earn a point as the player earns. Tennis is one of the Olympic Games. It can be played at any age and in any society (Caganova, Cambal, & WeidlichovalLuptaakova, 2010). This game is not discriminative as the physically impaired can play as long as they can move and hold a racquet.

            Tennis originated from Birmingham in England around late nineteenth century. It was famously referred to as ‘lawn tennis’. Tennis had close connections with filed games such as bowls, real tennis, and croquet. The term tennis mostly referred to the real tennis. there are rules of the games which have not changed mush save for the rule of  keeping one foot on the ground at all times during the game. An addition has however been made to incorporate the use of electronic technology (Collins, 2010). This gives room for the player to contest for a call of a point. This game has also been played as a recreational activity worldwide. It has also drawn so many spectators worldwide. Advances have been made in this game. Among them is the advancement of the players to improve their performance. Players are currently using racquets with absorbent or rubber-like handlers to improve their grip. They wear sweatbands to keep their hands and their faces dry. In addition to the kits, they wear specialized shoes for stability. These shoes are mostly wide with flat soles.

            There are however many challenges related to the game of tennis. These have been brought by differing perceptions of the public and the limited finances (Barrett, 2001). Among the perceptions is that only bigger and stronger people can make it as players in this game. The theory asserts that the bigger and the stronger are able to make it to the complete game. The perception however excludes the tall players as they are said to be challenges in controlling the ball. These tall players are assumed to have the trouble of hitting the ball with good accuracy for better scores (Brannen & Salk, 2000). Another assumption is that the kind of equipment used dictates the kind of person to score the game. Good equipment gives the mechanical advantage for the sport. These comprise of the modern racquets, court surfaces, and the sportswear. This however can easily be overcome as sportswear can be given to the player at any instance. Moreover, big companies who mostly sponsor the international players are able to overcome this challenge for their greater advantage. However, these critics beat any logic, as no game can be any better because stronger players are dominating. This is because all games call for skills, experience, and not the physique of the players. These assumptions are present as the assumptions emphasize that the rules of the game only favor the bigger and the stronger. This is just the results of the rules and not the requirement of the game. This is because rules can still be changed with the players but the best must also be realized (Gassmann, 2011). On the issue of the equipments, faulty equipments have been realized to injure the players at the end of the game. This is the reason why emphasis is made on the kind of kits and the wear to put on. This is the reason why most of the present fields have grass, other than for durability.


            In carrying out the study, one to one interview is to be applied. I used this kind of data collection to have better understand the deep insights, which cannot be recorded, and get to carry out the psychoanalysis on the participant. I also applied other forms of secondary data collections such as the use of previous researches and books on the topic. This method helps to understand the insights and the kind of research, which has been done, and to note of the challenges and the opportunities for further research. I applied the qualitative method of analysis. This method was preferred as it reviewed other elements like emotional perceptions, which cannot be quantified.

            The interview was carried out on a female coach from the white descent. She has trained players who have become the best internationally. From the interview, the love of tennis is easily reflected. The interview was carried out in her office where there were evidence of the standards and the levels she has reached as a coach. Other than that, I was able to see and understand the financial capabilities and see from the researcher’s point, the challenges which the tennis players, including the coach may be going through.


            From the interview, I came to realize that the coach developed the interest from an early age of 10 years. This was after playing with the father and winning against him. She went through schooling having role models and support from both parents and the coach in school. She was inspired to rise to the position of teaching others to be the best. Through scholarships, her skills were further sharpened. The passion within her made her rise above the obstacles to become the best in her generation. Coaching requires a positive attitude and a fighting spirit. One must be ready to be taught, exercise discipline by exercising and through hard work, any one is able to rise to become the best. Tennis is a rewarding and a satisfying job. From the interviewee, it was realized that she makes good income from the game she enjoys playing. Moreover, when the player becomes the best and celebrated, the coach gets more satisfied as she earns more prestige. However, another challenge is the demand for better finances. This is so as improvements must be done, and there is need to maintain the players. Support group also plays a major role in this field. This is especially so when the players lose in the game and during difficult times that people go through.

            Another important issue that came up is the issue of gender discrimination. This rarely occurs compared to other games. Females are viewed as weak and therefore cannot score and compete against the males (Higgs, 1996 & Weidemann, 2006). However, the issue of racial discrimination is prevalent in this game. This is because the public assume that the African Americans are better than any other race. There are therefore more favored compared to other races. The favors come in terms of the income, sportswear, and the terms of service.

The study shows that the talent can be nurtured, with the right attitudes to realize the best people in the field. For the players to persevere there is need of motivation through rewards and encouragements. The public ought to realize that everyone is equally important as long as the players are committed to succeed in the game, are hardworking, and love the game. Therefore, the public needs to change their perception on the skin color of the players (Barrett, 2001). Tennis majors on the commitment, skills, and patience in becoming the best. There is still a vast opportunity for progress in this field as few have ventured in it.


            From the study, I have come to realize that tennis is an enjoyable game for both the players and the spectators. The main challenge has been the differing perception about the players, rules and the game in general. People need to realize that the strong and the mighty are the people who sacrifice their all to succeed in this game. There is no difference in gender and in the color of the skin as long as tennis is concerned. Therefore, the players ought to be accorded better terms and benefits to make it. This is because others have made it with the right kind of support and skills.

In carrying out this study, it was difficult to realize the exact potential that is yet to be untapped. This is because the interview was carried out on one person and that few researchers have ventured into this field. Therefore, few materials are available for more studies. There is need for the public to change their perception concerning this game. This is because more opportunities are yet to be tapped by the upcoming players.


Barrett, J. (2001). Wimbledon: The Official History of the Championships. NY: Harper Collins.

Brannen, M. Y., & Salk, J. E. (2000). Partnering across borders: Negotiating organizational culture in a German-Japanese joint venture. Human relations, 53(4), 451-487.

Caganova, D., Cambal, M., &WeidlichovaLuptakova, S. (2010). Intercultural management–trend of contemporary globalized world. Electronics and Electrical Engineering6(102), 51-54.

Collins, B. (2010). History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. Britain: New Chapter Press Publishers.

Gassmann, O. (2011). Multicultural teams: Increasing creativity and innovation by diversity. Creativity and Innovation Management10(2), 88- 95

     Higgs, M. (1996). Overcoming the problems of cultural differences to establish success for national management teams. Team Performance Management: An International Journal2(1), 36-43. 
Weidemann, K., & Kittler, M. G. (2006). Women and communication: Measuring effectiveness and efficiency in intra-and intergender Communication. Paper presented at the UK post-graduate conference in gender studies, Leeds, UK.


Emerging Themes

  • Equality in the players
  • Tennis as a Career
  • Requirements for excelling
  • The attitude required in playing tennis


(This is an interview between Denise and Me.)

ME: When did you develop your interest in tennis? Who was your tennis icon when you were growing up? Who influenced your decision to become a tennis coach?

DENISE: (smiling) Tennis to me is like my first love. I developed an interest since I was 10 when I used to play with my dad. I remember the day I won against him and I felt like wow! I can do it. I think that’s when my real passion came out and I started to join the school team where I became a good junior player. Uhmmmmm, I can say that my tennis icon was my beloved dad. You know he was really good in this game and I admired him a lot. He was my role model actually. My friends who could always remind me of this great gift from God largely influenced my decision. Even my mother kept telling me that this was my calling. After several good performances in the game, it seemed like every voice around me said, “Denise, you now need to teach others how to be good tennis players like you.” (Smiling)

ME: Wow, that’s very inspiring! So when did you first decide you wanted to be a tennis coach? What made you want to be a tennis coach? If you weren’t a tennis coach, what would you be?

DENISE: When I was 24, I made my decision to become tennis coach. And like I mentioned in the beginning, I want to teach other people to be good tennis players because I feel like tennis is a fun sport to play, that’s the reason why I want to be a tennis coach. If you want to know, my career started because first I had a scholarship in the University of Buffalo where I sharpened my skills through their coaches program. From there I realized that I had this burning passion for tennis coaching and so as they say, I followed my heart. I think what made me want to be a coach, was my real passion for the game. You know, its reach, complex and you can always discover. Hmmm well, what would I be if I weren’t a tennis coach? Hmmm, that’s a tough question haha! (Laughing) Hmmm, let’s see, if I wasn’t a tennis coach, I would probably be a businesswoman because I think the pay salary would be good.

ME: That’s great! You know, I love tennis too, a lot actually haha! (Laughing)  So let’s go to the next question, shall we? So hmmm, who was the first player that you coached? What challenges did you experience then? And what lessons did you learn from your first player?

DENISE: Mmmmh… The first player ok! I first coached Stephanie Tjondro. Gosh! This was a long time ago, way back! Anyways, she was such a good tennis player. I think having come from a tennis family was an advantage for her. I enjoyed coaching her because she was very lively and she was the kind of person that doesn’t give up, ahhhh what a sweet memories with my first time coaching. However it was not all heaven and butterflies as you may imagine. One of the most challenging things was that I could not read the mind of the player and not all players are the same. They all have their own uniqueness I must say! I learned that it takes time for you to get to know and understand each other and that it is a process that needs patient and tolerance. You understand don’t you? I mean you’ve played tennis too, you know what it’s like on the court with your coach.

ME:Oh YES! I totally get what you mean. It’s like a mind game haha! (Laughing). It’s hard to explain but yes I feel you haha! (Laughing) So Denise how did you get here? Was there ever a time you felt like giving up? How do you keep yourself focused?

DENISE: That is a good question. Uhmmmmm, I can say that coming this far was not that easy. One time I had the experienced of coaching a certain group of kids and “Oh my gosh!” It was a disaster! They couldn’t stay still, they run around the court, they threw the balls everywhere; it was just a nightmare for me! Believe me, you would understand me better, if you were actually there to see it with your own eyes. You see! To be honest, I almost wanted to quit my job because of those kids because they just gave me so much frustration. I almost gave up on the thing that I love to do. But ya, the one thing that keeps me focused is my love for tennis that’s what keeps me going.

ME: Wow your stories really moved me. So, do you love you job being a coach? What is the most rewarding aspect of your job? Are you satisfied with your career so far?

DENISE: Indeed!!! I do love my job so much! The most rewarding aspect of this job is that it changes lives; let’s say from grass to grace. The learning, discoveries and new challenges make me grow stronger and fit for life.Ok money is there but that is not the main thing. Just seeing a person win and being celebrated because of me, is a great reward. Yes, I am satisfied with my career because it is satisfying haha! (Laughing) (Laughing)

ME: That is so true! I’ve been in a lot of tennis tournaments and whenever I win, my coach is always so happy and she always says to me “when you win, I win too.” Now I know what that feels like haha! (Laughing) So I want to ask, how does your typical day go? And what is your training schedule like? How do you motivate your players?

DENISE: Hmmmm, I start my day with morning run and some exercises. Then I go to meet my players into their various sessions. The sessions are divided into five for effectiveness. We have the early morning session, daytime session, private tennis lessons, group/individual fitness sessions and the psychology sessions. I motivate my players through rewarding, encouragement and also trying to be a good example worth emulating. I try to build confidence in the players.

ME: Oh okay, that’s very effective. I used to have that kind of sessions too. Man, I miss those old times. Anyways, these are probably the big questions for you. What are the biggest challenges you have faced as a coach? How do you deal with the pressures of the job? And how do you and your players recover after a loss?

DENISE: The biggest challenge is finances. Sometimes we need more finance to improve or take advantage of new opportunities.We are always limited by our financial capability. If the players are not treated and paid well, they can never perform well. I separate my personal life from my work life. In that way, I’m able to deal with the challenges as they come. I also have mentors, friends, and families who help me through when things get tough. So I don’t go through it alone. I like the last question, hmmm, so ya, whenever we lost a game or a tournament, we choose to accept the reality, learn our lessons, improve on our mistakes and move on. And what I always tell my players to do is to lift their head up and smile because they have done their best to play! Sometimes it is very painful but it is what makes us stronger and tougher.

ME: Exactly, I couldn’t agree more with you! I would always lift my head up and smile, even though I lost the match because I know that I’ve played my best out there! So now, what would you consider to be your memorable moments as a coach? How does it feel when your player succeeds? And how do you choose to remember most memorable moment today?

DENISE: Hmmm well, my memorable moments as a coach would probably be……. Hmmm, well this one is tough! Hold on; give me a minute to think! Hmmm, It would probably be being able to see the players worked their asses off and win in the competitions.How does it feel when my player succeeds?? Hmmmm, that’s an easy question! I feel extremely happy, proud, awesome, satisfied, I think I can go on and on and on with how I felt haha! (Laughing) Indeed success is sweet. My Gosh! Well, obviously the trophies, photos and the good reputation out there help me remember the moments today.

ME: You make miss the good old days even more Denise haha! (Laughing) Wish I could turn back time to when I still play and get to compete in the tournaments. So further more, do you think that there is gender discrimination in tennis? Have you ever experienced a case of gender discrimination before? How do you deal with these cases?

DENISE: In my case, I don’t think there is gender discrimination in tennis because I have never experienced one before. However I think the best way to deal with this is to help people know that, no matter who we are, whether we are male or female, we are all equally important.

ME: Yes that is true! Everyone is equally important! Hmm okay, since you have not experienced gender discrimination maybe you have experienced this one before in your team. So…. have you experienced any cultural/racial issues in your job? Are there any differences between players of different races? How do you deal with these issues?

DENISE: Yes! I have experienced this one!So some people think that the blacks are stronger and that is why they are favored.My white players once thought that their skin color is the cause for their poor performance. I try to make a mindset shift by talking to them personally (one on one session). Also I made this game, where all of them get to play a small match with each other so that they would see the results themselves. And it seems to work, because obviously some were stronger than the other but they all realized that it wasn’t because of the race, but it was because of how some of them were more committed, more skillful, and more patient in playing than the others. Both ways have helped to improve the situation.

ME: Woww! I get it, when I was in the team, it was mostly white and I was actually the only Asian back then. I felt like I was no good compared to the others but I was wrong. I played really well, not because I was better, but sometimes it’s because I was committed more and so I practiced more than them. So Denis, what are your future plans? How would you like to be remembered? And what area of your job do you think could be improved to make coaches even more effective?

DENISE: Guess what??? I plan to start my own coaching academy back in my hometown. I think this will be a nice way to be remembered, right??? I think the government should totally support this game especially when it comes to player’s remunerations. They will be motivated and the coaches will be more effective.

ME: Oh wow! That is awesome! I’m really happy for you Denise! Maybe I could visit you when you finally open your own tennis academy haha! (Laughing) Well Denise, last but not least, this will be my last question for you, so do you have any advice for those aspiring to be coaches?

DENISE: Hehehe… Wellll, my only advices would be, find the right people, and be open to learn from everyone, never give up in everything and of course always put God first, that’s it!

ME: Well, then thank you so much Denise, for the advice, and for taking your time to participate in my research project and also for letting me interview you! It was such a pleasure! I hope you have a good day Denise! Bye! Hope to talk to you soon J

DENISE: Your most welcome! I hope all of the information I’ve given you is enough and I hope it helps! And yes it was indeed my pleasure as well. You have a good day too and I hope to talk to you soon too, Bye!