Research Paper HeWelfare State

Welfare State


Thaddeus Russell authored ‘A Renegade History of the United States’, doing a hasty examination of the American puritans and bourgeoisie in the past. Through his writing, he examined how Americans spent their weekends, the mafia operated, brothel ‘madames’ met and fulfilled their roles, and homosexuals and rebels survived in a puritanical culture. Through his writings, he also discussed topics relating to domestic violence, gender issues, marriages, and civil rights, as well as workers’ movements. He therefore claimed that founding fathers in United States comprised of persons granted land by the King. There were, however, also a group of people who were drunkards, prostitutes, heroes, pirates, and laggards. These degenerates required to be brought under the King’s administration; Russell describes the King as a puritan political leader. They were therefore sensualists who could neither govern nor lead themselves due to chaos, lack of organization, and disagreements, rendering the society unsafe and unhealthy. This discussion will therefore examine his writings in attempts to compare and contrast his assertions with the reality. The discussion will either prove or deny that the United States was founded by drunkards, whores, laggards, pirates, and heroes.


Thaddeus Russell’s work is a popular historical context in discussing political economies in the United States. It claims that America’s founding fathers were constructivists with puritanical idealism in attempts to create power. According to Russell, traitors utilized power as a change agent outside the formal sector. They used their illegally acquired powers to influence political, societal, economic, and cultural changes in the American society. He claimed that a society comprises of different classifications of people in order to gain a balance between deviance and control. Consequently, these classifications compete, manipulate, control, and manage power of rule. The first class is referred to as the conformist class of individuals. Conformists participate in developing societal rules and acts. This is because they agree that people ought to live in accordance to the rules and acts in order to be stable and achieve growth and development. Thus, they neither manipulate nor compete in ruling the society. Instead, they choose people to govern and administer the society unanimously, achieving political, economical, cultural, and societal stability (Thaddeus 105).

The second class is known as the non-conformist individuals. They acknowledge that, the society they live in comprises of set rules and acts. They however fail to act according to these rules and acts as they are defiant. They therefore compete to either uphold or defy the rules and acts. This further leads to competition for power increasing political divisions. The last class of individuals is represented by rebels. Rebels neither acknowledge nor agree with the societal rules and acts at any given time or place. They therefore do not acknowledge power and administrations can be relied on to lead a society. Instead, they choose cultural, societal, political, and economic policies they assume to be relevant on personal levels to live and thrive. Russell’s assertions can therefore be classified under the societal rebel group of individuals. This is because he used ideal types to discuss issues that were not politically correct in order to exercise political antagonism (Thaddeus 106).  

Russell also claimed that, houses of ill-repute or whorehouses broke the monopoly of landed class. This is because ‘Madames’ developed into the largest landholders in the frontier owning more wealth in resources than any other female citizen in United States. More so, he believes miniskirts were discovered by prostitutes. This acts by rebels in a society without rules and acts to govern and foster stability therefore hindered implementation of legal laws. For example, the discovery and acceptance of the culture encouraging prostitutes to wear miniskirts hindered laws against prostitution, adultery, and fornication to be developed and implemented. These laws were greatly ignored especially during the Revolutionary period (Thaddeus 106).

More so, pirates led gay rights liberations while libertines encouraged divorces in order to gain freedom during the Revolutionary period. For example, Thomas Jefferson wrote a letter to his daughter when the constitution was neither official nor respected. Thomas claimed he was interested in his daughter’s future. He however also acknowledged the society lacked morals to contribute positively towards that future. It also lacked legal and constitutional laws to guide and encourage members of the society to adopt morals. Instead, the society had adopted a habit of expecting moral integrity across industries and activities undertaken by the people without being responsible or accountable. This was therefore a contrast to the reality as human beings thrived and derived happiness from indolence and corrosion of the moral expectation (Thaddeus 114).

Russell further stated that, World War II was popular among gay people. This is because gay people among small towns utilized the opportunities awarded by the war to gain access and entry in military bases in attempts to find each other. Thus, World War II liberated Americans as well as gay people and their rights to be free. These assertions are aimed at affirming that, America lacked an accountable and responsible administration to manage and control activities and acts undertaken by the people. This further led to competition for power which created a vacuum in the society. As a result, members of the society were encouraged to engage in moral and immoral undertakings as they felt obliged to meet and fulfill their individual needs at the expense of the community. Russell therefore attempts to assert that, United States was created and developed through stiff and unfair competition for power among selfish, self-centered, and immoral class of individuals who rebelled rules and acts to foster stability (Thaddeus 227).

During the 1960s, American political economy was disenchanted with the Vietnam War. Political economists turned renegade to Anarchism and Marxism while holding intellectual discussion in the Virginia Political Economy School, Australian School, and Representative Agent. Russell claimed these discussions led to scientism in order to service the State. Consequently, spontaneous rules to govern and control the society emerged. Although they attempted to foster societal freedom, they also relied on competition among rulers to bring social order. As a result, people were bound to decide and choose the administrative government they deserved. State monopoly on social orders therefore led to competition of power among rulers, governments, and administrations (Thaddeus 260).

Ultimately, these political, economical, and social issues led workers to struggle for conditions more suitable for their interests. For example, women workers without resources to purchase expensive and refinery merchandise over the counter relied on moral decay and deterioration to acquire them. Russell therefore claimed that, in United States people responsible for positive changes and freedoms are neither acknowledged nor given credit for their efforts. For example, he stated employees of the State can be described as slaves as they lack freedom and happiness due to dictatorship. He failed to acknowledge entrepreneurs, soldiers, and sensualist citizens contributed positively towards development, liberation, and appreciation of the nation. He therefore claimed social, economic, and politic richness in a puritan State was acquired through vulgar vanity (Thaddeus 261).

Works Cited

Thaddeus, Russell.  A Renegade History of the United States, New York: Free Press, 2010. Print.