Stem cell Research and Human Cloning
Stem cell research is a reflection of ethics involving growth, usage, and damage of human embryos. Stem cell refers to an immature cell that has the capability to develop into several specialized cells in the body. Adult stem cells are found in children and infants, and reside in already grown tissue. Embryo stem cells are generated when a new fertilized egg starts to divide, growing into any type of body cell. Human cloning is the formation of an identical human copy, genetically, involving reproduction of human tissue and cells. Reproductive cloning involves creating a whole cloned human rather than just certain tissues and cells. Therapeutic cloning refers to cloning of human cells for use in transplants and in medicine (Bronfenbrenner, 1986, p. 723).
Human cell research is important in the living organisms. The inner cells give rise to the whole body of the organism, consisting several cell types and organs, such as the lungs and the heart, and adult tissues, such as muscle and brain. Stem cells develop replacements for the lost cells through disease or tear. These generative abilities are important in treating certain diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. Since human cloning involves the formation of human genetic copy, the human existence and dignity is compromised or altered by the attitudes and the technical processes involved bringing controversy in the human formation and ethics. Human cloning can only be beneficial when its formation is developed to produce treatment or for research (Ivanova& Lemischka, 2002, p. 603).
Ethical Issues Involved in Stem Cell Research and Human Cloning
There are ethical concerns that surround human cloning and stem cell research. It is stated that these practices promote abuse of human beings, which results in a society of human beings formed from harvested organs. It is also stated that these processes are not safe since they depend on technology that is not yet fully developed and reliable. There are religious oppositions that defend the issue of human life, and therefore rejecting the unethical and immoral human creation and processes. However, considering the benefits that result in the stem cell research and human cloning, the concerns can be overweighed by the benefits at large. The stem cells are involved in creating cells that are therefore used in the repairing of worn out cell in living organisms. They can also be used in treating fatal diseases, such as heart diseases that can be very critical and result in death (Kass &Wilson, 1998, p. 3).Use of Human subject and products is considered wrong by certain policies and government regulations. There are failures resulting from research developments that can hinder genetics and science. This results in lowered dignity and denied right to life based on ethnicity and moral factors. The health sectors in collaboration with the government can impose protection to human research by prohibiting reproduction cloning, banning use of state funds on the human researches, and ensuring revocation of licenses that permit human cloning (Fischbach, 2004, p.1364).
Family’s protection over a patient from being an organ donor will be considered ethical. This is because of the genetic processes involved in the organ donation that would affect the family in the future. The consent of the patient’s family would be important since the continuation of the genetics to the other entity would entirely depend on the specific family’s knowledge and permission (Fischbach, 2004, p.1364).
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1986). Ecology of the family as a context for human development: Research perspectives. Developmental psychology, 22(6), 723.
Fischbach, G. (2004). Stem cells: science, policy, and ethics. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 114(10), 1364.
Ivanova, N. B., & Lemischka, I. R. (2002). A stem cell molecular signature. Science, 298(5593), 601-604.
Kass, L., & Wilson, J. Q. (1998). The ethics of human cloning (p. 3). Washington, DC: AEI Press.