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Current Health Care Trends in Nursing

The contemporary health care environment globally has changed considerably. Focus has changed from access to health care, to access to the best health care institutions and professionals. Consequently, administrators, medical practitioners, and academicians have changed their tact to enhance effectual policies that are geared towards enhancing a performance-based assessment of medical practitioners and institutions. The achievement of this objective has been through a change in delivery of services from a generalized perspective, to a specialized perspective. This has borne out the specialization of education, knowledge, and skills to ensure that the medical practitioners wholly lays their focus on only one particular task, and enhance their mastery in that craft.

This is the backbone of the current trend in health care where specialization is considered as the core principle guiding the future of health care provision. One of the major advantages of this trend is the mastery of craft in one aspect of the medical field. This mastery has engaged its participators in research in that specific field or aspect, which enhances the scope and knowledge of the medical field (Institute of Medicine, 2011). The mastery and research is not only limited to service delivery, but also on the education gained and discovered when specializing in that particular aspect. For instance, specialization of nurses in the field of heart failure patients has resulted in new research that is not geared towards treating and diagnosing patients, but rather on generating strategies and policies that can reduce the rate of readmissions of patients with heart failure condition into hospital institutions (Coxon, 2005). This has been influenced by the recent statistics indicating that readmissions of these patients are approximately 50% in the first 6 months after diagnosis.

Aside from the researches that are being carried out due to this changes, another benefits to this current trend is the increase in employment in the health care industry, coupled with improved working conditions and remunerations. The specific classification of system in nursing has resulted in specificity in the allocation of tasks to specific people who are considered as most qualified to handle them. This means that jobs are specialized and the nurses are knowledgeable of their specific task, rather than having a multiplicity of tasks being issued. This has improved the working conditions and remunerations since some tasks require heightened knowledge and skills that only certain people can perform.

Another merit of this classification system is that it has improved the nursing field professionally. Aligning systems, taxonomies, and classifications to nursing only results in a partially monopolistic action for specific issues, systems, or tasks in the medical field. This means that only a specific nurse, with specific knowledge and skills can perform a specific task. This induces a sense of belonging, confidence, and dexterity among the nurses (Halcomb, Davidson, Daly, Griffiths, Yallop and Tofler, 2005). Additionally, patients exposed to care delivery by these nurses are assured of delivery of care that is professional, duty-based, and articulate. The consequence of such a system is better policies and strategies being used in the delivery of care since generalizations cannot suffice as ample health care delivery. However, one major drawback to these taxonomy, classifications, and specificity of systems is that nurses can easily become alienated by their colleagues. This is because some colleagues may feel underappreciated since the nurses are receiving better pay packages, recognition, and task allocation that is autonomous.

References

Coxon, K. (2005). Common Experiences of Staff Working in Integrated Health and Social Care Organizations: A European Perspective. Journal of Integrated Care. 13: 13-21.

Halcomb, E., Davidson, P., Daly, J., Griffiths, R., Yallop, J.            and Tofler, G. (2005). Nursing in Australian general practice: directions and perspectives. Australian Health Review, 29 (2), 156‑166.

Institute of Medicine. (2011). The Future of Nursing: leading change, advancing health. Committee on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation initiative on the future of nursing, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.