Psychology Coursework Paper on Naturalistic Observation

Naturalistic Observation

Part 1

  1. The experiment sought to seek whether people were paying attention of the traffic signs. The observer applied the ‘Stop’ sign. A public junction was chosen. All road users could be naturally viewed. For twenty minutes, I stood at the same point recording the number of people, male and female, who observed the traffic rules. The users were categorized on gender and age. I recorded the observation near everyone. Initially, people went on with their dealings without realizing the recordings. Eventually, I came to realize that people were paying attention of the ‘Stop’ sign at the road.
  2. I naturally took note of the road users and the number of times people would pay attention to the sign. Every time a road user passed, I made a mark on the record book. The data was coded. For users who applied the sign, a ‘Yes’ was statically equated to one point. Those who ignored were categorized under the ‘No’ with zero points.
  3. From the observations, I came to note that the young are inclined to disregard the ‘Stop’ sign more than the old do. I also came to conclude that the females are keener on the road than the males. In addition, I realize that my presence as an observer attracted the attention of people.
  4. I came to realize that the study was significant. The initial ideas worked out. From the study, I could statistically analyze that people are aware of the road signs. They are at times unaware of the signs. My presence as an observer made most people to be more conscious of their behaviors. There is need for additional research where the observer can hide and makes recordings.

Part 2

  1. The topic of this study is surveillance of the traffic signs. The sign under analysis is the ‘Stop’ sign. This topic is selected to seek whether the public are sensitive to traffic signs. It is significant to identify whether road accidents are caused by ignorance or lack of understanding.
  2. The first part of the observation involved the observer standing in the open area near the point of the sign. In this study, observations were made wherever a road user passed. The behavior of the user was noted in separate columns. The second study occurred at the same point but the observer was hiding. He recorded the number of people using the road and those who observed the lights. Codes were used for analysis. Males were given one point while females were given two points. The old had one point while the young had two points. For passerby who adhered to the sign, he gave a point, while those who failed to adhere were given zero.
  3. From the study, it was concluded that people were more mindful of their conduct in the presence of an observer than when they were unaccompanied. It was also realize that the young and male users were more ignorant of the signs than the old and females.
  4. One problem I faced was that the public was attracted with my presence with the recorded devices. At times, the users were many; I could not manually count them without attracting the attention of more people.
  5. There is need to repeat the study for a given period for better analysis. Future studies should incorporate devices for observations instead of the manual recordings.