Political Science Case Study Paper on Jose Mujica –Former President of Uruguay

Jose Mujica –Former President of Uruguay

Jose Mujica was known to be the world most humble and poorest president because of his humility and love for simple life unlike other heads of states in the world who like material possessions and power. He was born in Barrio La Teja, Montevideo in 1935 , trained as an oncologist and  came to public office as the mayor of Montevideo from 1990. “He was the 40th president of Uruguay and was a former guerilla fighter with the left wing parties of the country” (Leader biography, 2). He lives in a remote farm which is surrounded by family dogs and this means that the family dogs provide him with security unlike other states of the world whose security is provided from the taxpayer’s money. He is well known for his generosity and kindness for the reason that he donate s90% of his salary and allowances to charitable organizations that assist the less fortunate in the society.  He held many positions in government before he was elected the head of state of Uruguay five years ago for instance he was a minister and served as a senator afterwards. Jose Mujica is an influential head of state whose simple and humble life has earned him respect in both his country and the entire world.

Mujica fought with an anti-capitalist guerrilla movement, and was put behind bars for many years due to his stand against the dictatorial regime that ruled the county in 1980s.This gave him the urge to want to serve his people because he dreamt of a country that was free from dictatorship. He was 74 years old when Uruguayans elected him their commander-in-chief in 2009 because of the faith they had in him despite his humble background and living conditions. From the start he eschewed the normal rites of power and kept to his principles which were premised on humility and kindness. He declined to move to the house which was provided for the president but chose to stay in the remote village with his family.“He drives himself around in an old VW Beetle and donates nearly 90 percent of his presidential salary to charity” (Eve, 3). The head of state has received many accolades and has also been subject to criticism from those who are opposed to his policies and see him as old with nothing good.

He still lives with his wife, Lucía Topolansky, in a rural area in the outskirts of Montevideo because they refused to move to the presidential mansion in Montevideo, a place that is always reserved for the head of states of the country. He chose to live on the farm with his family which he bought when he wanted to be a farmer before he was elected the president.   His appointment and election in various capacities to serve his country has consumed has taken most of his time and cannot take care of the house and farm maintenance. This has made him to carry out minimal farm activities because for most of the time he is busy serving people but hopes after the public service he will be able to find enough time to do farming.Mujica and his wife gave part of their land to several families that did not have land and other that had but could not meet their needs, so that they could live there forever and get a living from farming. This was an act of kindness and what is expected of a wise and charismatic leader.  When he was elected, he did make some improvements to his house which was in a dilapidated condition,  for instance he replaced the old straw ceiling and few features inside the house. Perhaps, the most significant change is the appearance of security cameras, the new road that connects the farm to the road, and the few guards who take care of the presidential security. The office of the presidency did not change life, it made him to be more humbled and loved by the people. This is evident by the fact that he freely mingles with people and does not have security like other leaders in the world who have hundreds of people as security guards. The absence of security shows that his people love him and no one can dare hurt him thus demonstrating that he is a wise and charismatic leader.

Jose has won many hearts both in his country and across the Latin America continent for his simple policies that ensure that the needs of the less fortunate are catered for. He is known for his progressive policies and   consistent principles that have taken Uruguay to other levels. His humble beginnings and love for humility made him to be among the most revered and respected leaders in country. Good leaders lead by example and his donations to charitable organizations was exemplary and an act that other leaders need to emulate. Jose has not only proved that a head of state can be kind but also that humility is not a preserve for the poor and the less powerful.

Works cited

Fairbanks, Eve. “The Too Good To Be True (But Still Pretty Great!) President.” New Republic 246.1 (2015): 30-39.Academic Search Premier. Web. 27 Nov. 2015.

“Leader Biography.” Uruguay Country Review (2011): 49-51. Business Source Complete. Web. 27 Nov. 2015