Nutrition Research Proposal Paper on Mindful/Mindless Techniques

Mindful/Mindless Techniques


There are different aspects, which influence being overweight, obese, and other health risks associated with nutrition. Eating conducts highly influences people’s capacity to remain healthy; hence, identifying a program that will assist in the progression of comprehending, regulating these practices is vital (Kristeller, Wolever, & Sheets, 2014). This study will examine the influence of mindful and mindless techniques for nutrition education among pregnant women. An assessment of studies shows that both art remedy and mindfulness technique are mind-body advances that can assist in the practice of change or healing via augmented self-awareness, raised self-worth, and enhanced self-regulation. Researchers have offered interventions that were built up to recognize how this could influence eating conducts. Mindfulness consumption techniques offer an opportunity to link the gains to the progression of eating.  

Problem Statement

A huge range of women deem pregnancy (especially the first) a life-changing moment. Even though it is an ordinary, healthy progression, it is as well an outstandingly dynamic phase of quick transformation that presents diverse physical and emotional difficulties (Kristeller & Wolever, 2010). One of the challenges is the aspect of uncertainty concerning the results of parturition for the mother, the child, the family, and later life. Research has found that women that have a tendency of perceiving this moment as traumatic are more susceptible to unfavorable consequences for them and their infants. Irrespective of growing proof that depression and nervousness during pregnancy offer medical risks to both the mother ad the baby, very few successful programs to help pregnant women have been set up. The restricted body of study of successful interventions makes it hard to assist caregivers with straightforward, unambiguous recommendations. Nevertheless, mindfulness techniques for nutrition education that may be easily executed in a bid to prevent pregnant women from relying on unconstructive nutrition in the course of this period have the possibility of positively influencing the physical, health, and mental fitness of the pregnant women and their babies.               

Rationale of Study

The unpleasant consequences of poor nutrition during pregnancy have stressed the need to study triumphant nutrition education programs that could help curb health, anxiety, and depression in the course of the perinatal stage. Such programs that harmonize nutritional and pharmacological advances have gained extensive consideration in the present times (Baer, Fischer, & Huss, 2005). Nevertheless, in spite of this concern, there has been a shortage of thorough scientific study into the effectiveness of such interventions. The shortage is particularly conspicuous given that the majority of pregnant women are hesitant to check their nutrition or use drugs. Whereas the perception of mindfulness eating techniques have been proved successful and is mounting in reputation, accordingly are the techniques that decrease mindless eating. The perception of mindless eating entails making modifications to prevent triggers that could oblige people to consume unhealthy foods, or eat excessively. Such a program will encompass eating from smaller-sized platters, drinking from smaller-sized mugs, repackaging or buying similar serving sizes, keeping unhealthy foods out of view, and if need be, ordering smaller healthy quantities from restaurants. Reducing mindless eating habits makes it simpler for pregnant women to consider their body’s indications. This study will thus examine the extant findings on the impact of both mindful and mindless interventions, and, anchored in the evaluation, a program incorporating nutrition education will be recommended.   

Research Question

  • Does the evaluation of the influence of mindful and mindless techniques for nutrition education among pregnant women help encourage consumption of healthy foods?

Literature Review

            Whereas mindless eating involves considering environmental triggers and signals around nutrition, mindful eating entails understanding the external and internal signals that spark off nutrition. Nevertheless, both perceptions overlap when pangs of hunger are elicited by the view or aroma of food (Carmody & Baer, 2008). Mindfulness techniques support pregnant women to actively perceive changes and generate differences between stages of encounters, instead of noticing these stages as one progressively deteriorating chain of occurrences. Preferred outcomes encompass context sensitivity, sensitive insight of optional points of view, and commitment to the current moment. On the other hand, its contrary counterpart, mindlessness technique, is anchored in the past. Mindlessness arises when a person gets caught into patterns of conduct, either with time or instantly, leading to thoughtlessness of context and viewpoint. In this regard, mindlessness techniques can result in habitual dependence on pre-envisaged groups that are not available to conscious deliberation anymore, in addition to the rigid conduct that is regulation governed instead of regulation directed.

            Mindfulness-anchored nutrition education advances are progressively identified as having worth in tackling a broad scope of dysregulation disorders that encompass nervousness and depression. Moreover, it is evident from studies that the mindfulness anchored programs have been implemented in health care to eating associated concerns of pregnant women (Beddoe, Paul, Kennedy, Weiss, & Lee, 2009). Numerous mechanisms are thought to lie behind the influence of mindfulness techniques on preference and nutrition challenges, encompassing the cultivation of wakefulness of internal experience, breaking up exceedingly accustomed patterns, incorporating higher-rank practices, reducing tension reactivity, and endowing a sense of management and self-acceptance. The aforementioned mechanisms are vividly pertinent to dealing with a dysregulation of influence, bodily processes, cognition, and conduct detected in binge consumption and obesity. Studies affirm that poor self-worth, consumption to tackle psychological distress, excessive dysregulation of interoceptive insight, appetite, satiation methods, and over-reactivity to hunger sensitivity in augmented editions of more ordinary forms of mindless techniques mark Binge Eating Disorder (BED).

            Anchored in the essential theoretical suppositions of mindfulness techniques, it is sensible to anticipate that their recognized attractive impacts may be particularly beneficial in the course of pregnancy. This attributable to pregnancy being a period when women experience changes approving to unconstructive physical and psychological effects that might emanate from alterations in hormonal variations, health condition, look, profession modifications, and financial status. Mindlessness intensifies these sentiments by making them seem unchanging and could promote dysfunctional coping approaches like catastrophizing and excogitating. Sequentially, these present threats to both the mothers’ and their unborn babies’ health and welfare (Duncan & Bardacke, 2010).

The proof at hand, as aforementioned, illustrates the significance of mindfulness technique, both as a condition and trait for women in the course of pregnancy (Proulx, 2007). The connections between the advantages of every point of view have created a search for the fundamental ordinary valuable mechanisms underscoring them. Even though every point of view was built up through dissimilar past and cultural courses, and thus recommends exceptional theoretical standards, it appears that they undeniably share considerable connections in their fundamental means. The final objective of the two approaches is to nurture a current-based mentality, and actively involve in a ‘now and here’ encounter that is perspective-anchored, while presuming that things are continually varying from an instant to another. The two points of view take mindlessness technique, their antithesis, as a condition of automatic pilot and lack of witting wakefulness to the context at hand, utilizing preconceived opinions concerning what ought to be occurring, what is warranted, and what is publicly acknowledged.

In a study carried out in the US, the outcomes from the participants illustrated that while taking part in the art progression of the mindfulness eating habits, some of the participants were concerned with food preferences and motivations. In the course of a two month’s time, the participants indicated an average loss of 8.6 pounds (Thomas et al., 2014). This was attributed to the impact of the mindfulness consumption progression that raised the consciousness, personal comprehension, and current period cognizant of the selections of nutrition habits. Nevertheless, after carrying out the study, staying consistent was a problem, and the intervention did not necessarily result to more lasting transformation.


This study will employ both primary and secondary methods of data collection. In the primary method, women in the perinatal stage will be selected through random sampling for an interview. Nutrition education programs will be given to the interviewees that express mindlessness and the effectiveness of these programs will be evaluated. For the secondary method, multiple case study designs, Google, and online libraries such as EBSCOhost and Proquest will be utilized. A case study entails a research of a bounded system of an occurrence with time via detail, comprehensive data collection, and concerning many sources of data wealthy in context. Mindful and mindless techniques for nutrition education among pregnant women will present an avenue to interlink these gains to the practice of consumption. The program will then be created to show how these techniques might influence nutrition conduct. This study will also discuss heuristic program of participation in the mindfulness and mindlessness techniques and the descriptions generated through the progression. The interviewees will reflect and illustrate their qualitative details; the data will be collected and scrutinized from the progression, and the information will be analyzed.               

Every one of the interviewees will be treated in reference to the ethical directives of the American Psychological Association (APA). Even with the lack of exclusive risks for taking part in an interview, a number of deliberations will be considered when interacting with the women. Some of the consideration to be considered will encompass the willingness of the interviewees to participate and the confidentiality of the participants. Every one of the deliberations will be integrated with the course of the research design phase. Every necessary carefulness will be taken to make sure that all the participants feel secure, at ease, and with the autonomy to withdraw from the interview should such a need arise.


The capacity to direct consideration to the current moment could be achieved via the progression of mindfulness that concentrates on viewing a person’s psychological and physical conditions devoid of attempting to change them. Binge eating, as part of mindlessness technique, is typified by considerable inconsistency in food intake guideline and is frequently associated with stress and obesity. Nutrition education programs and approaches anchored in mindfulness techniques are believed to play a critical role in the reduction of obsessive overeating, deal with connected psychological and behavioral dysregulation, and enhance internalization of alteration (Thomas et al., 2014). To sum it up, future studies will require being carried out to confirm the outcomes of this study.


Baer, R. A., Fischer, S., & Huss, D. B. (2005). Mindfulness and acceptance in the treatment of disordered eating. Journal of rational-emotive and cognitive-behavior therapy, 23(4), 281-300.

Beddoe, A. E., Paul, C. P., Kennedy, H. P., Weiss, S. J., & Lee, K. A. (2009). The Effects of Mindfulness‐Based Yoga During Pregnancy on Maternal Psychological and Physical Distress. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 38(3), 310-319.

Carmody, J., & Baer, R. A. (2008). Relationships between mindfulness practice and levels of mindfulness, medical and psychological symptoms and well-being in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Journal of behavioral medicine, 31(1), 23-33.

Duncan, L. G., & Bardacke, N. (2010). Mindfulness-based childbirth and parenting education: Promoting family mindfulness during the perinatal period. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(2), 190-202.

Kristeller, J. L., & Wolever, R. Q. (2010). Mindfulness-based eating awareness training for treating binge eating disorder: the conceptual foundation. Eating Disorders, 19(1), 49-61.

Kristeller, J., Wolever, R. Q., & Sheets, V. (2014). Mindfulness-based eating awareness training (MB-EAT) for binge eating: A randomized clinical trial. Mindfulness, 5(3), 282-297.

Proulx, K. (2007). Experiences of women with bulimia nervosa in a mindfulness-based eating disorder treatment group. Eating Disorders, 16(1), 52-72.

Thomas, M., Vieten, C., Adler, N., Ammondson, I., Coleman-Phox, K., Epel, E., & Laraia, B. (2014). Potential for a Stress Reduction Intervention to Promote Healthy Gestational Weight Gain: Focus Groups with Low-Income Pregnant Women. Women’s Health Issues, 24(3), 305-311.