Nursing Research Paper on Statistical Analysis of Community Health Problem

Statistical Analysis of Community Health Problem

The Community Health Statistical Analysis involves studying various aspects of the community, which include demographics, ethnic features, economy, mortality, education, and other aspects that determine how people live in a given community. This type of analysis is essential in understanding the health problems in a given community. This study will focus on the community health statistical analysis of Canyon Country (Zip code 91387), a district in Santa Clarita City in California, as compared to the California State, as well as the entire US.

Demographics: The 2010 population estimation of Canyon Country is 40,328 people (“91387 Zip Code,” 2014). According to the US Census Bureau, the 2013 estimates states that Santa Clarita City’s population is 179,590 while California State has a population of 38,332,521 people (“Santa Clarita,” 2014). The US population according to 2013 estimates is 316,128,839 people.

Ethnic Characteristics: According to Motovo, 76% of the district population is made of White people while African Americans make 3% (“Population Demographics,” n.d). Other ethnic groups make 10% of the districts population. According to 2010 estimates, Santa Clarita City population incorporates 70.9% of Whites, 3.2% of African Americans, and 8.5% of Asians (“Santa Clarita,” 2014). In California State, the White population makes 73.5% of the total population while African Americans make 6.6% (“California,” 2014). Asians alone take 14.1% of the entire California population. The White population in the US is about 77.7% while African Americans take 13.2% of the entire population.

Economy: In poverty rates, 8.6% of residents in Santa Clarita live below poverty level. This is in comparison to 15.28% of California residents who are poor while 14.48% of US population is poor (“Census Tract 920033,” 2014). In Santa Clarita City, the unemployment rate, as reported in 2013, was 6.6% (“Santa Clarita, California,” 2014). The 2008-2012 data indicate that 11.2% of California male civilians are unemployed while 9.73% of the US male civilians are unemployed. In females, 10.81% of California female civilians are unemployed while 8.79% of US female civilians are unemployed (“Census Tract 920033”). Santa Clarita’s median house income between 2008 and 2012 was $84,291 while that of the California State was $61,400 (“Santa Clarita,” 2014). The median house income of the US is $53,046.

Education: Santa Clarita’s population is highly educated with more than 65% adults aged 25 years and above having attained college education (“Population,” 2014). According to 2008-2012 data, 87.9% of the city’s adult population aged 25 years and above have attained high school education and above. This is in comparison to 81% of the population of California State’s adults, who have attained the same level of education. In the US, 85.7% of adults aged 25 years and above have attained high school education and above (“California,” 2014).

Other Data Needed: The air quality of Canyon Country is quite excellent according to the Air Quality Index (AQI) of 2009, but comparing to California State and the whole country, Canyon Country’s air is somewhat contaminated. Most of the water (25-40%) in California State comes from the ground; hence, it is of high quality. The total crime index in Canyon Country in 2012 stood at 41.7 per 100,000 people. According to 2012 data, the crime rate in Santa Clarita stood at 140 per 100,000 people while that of US was 257 per 100,000 people (“Santa Clarita, California,” 2014).

Morbidity and Mortality Problems: According to the 2011-2012 data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),  35.1% of the adult population in the US are obese (“Obesity and Overweight,” 2014). Increased prevalent rates in obesity have serious effects on public health in California, and the entire US. A study by CDC found that obesity was responsible for 400,000 deaths every year in the US (Sutocky, 2005). Women are the most affected by obesity while American Indians and African Americans are more prone to obesity than other races in the US. The rate of smoking in the US is on the decline. No relationship exists between obesity and environmental health hazards, as obesity is a lifestyle disease.

According to 2012 CDC data, 18.2% of all persons aged 18 years and above in the US are cigarette smokers. Teenagers, especially boys, are the most affected by this behavior in the US. Although cigarette-smoking rates are falling in the US, more than 350,000 deaths occur each year due to cigarette smoking. 

Validation of data: The black race population in Canyon Country is below that of California State and the entire country. Residents of Canyon Country have a higher median house income compared to Santa Clarita City, California State, and the entire country. The level of education can determine the health status of individuals, as well as community. Lack of proper diet that is brought by poverty can create health problems.

Cause-and-effect relationships: Health issues determine how people live in the community. Health issues have increased the level of poverty in the society due to incurring heavy costs on treatment and prevention measures. When people suffer from obesity, they become prone to deadly diseases such as cancers, diabetes, and heart disease. Excessive weight affects almost every feature of individual’s life, including his/her health. Frequent visits to hospitals due to obesity increase individual, community, national, as well as global health costs. Cigarette smoking harms almost every organ in the human body. Cigarette smoking leads to chronic diseases, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, pneumonia, cancers, and overall diminished health.

References

California (2014). ). United States Census Bureau, State & County QuickFacts. Retrieved from http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06000.html

Census Tract 920033 in Los Angeles County, California Income and Careers (2014). USA.com, Local Data Search. Retrieved from http://www.usa.com/CA037920033-income-and-careers.html

Population (2014). City of Santa Clarita. Retrieved from http://www.santa-clarita.com/index.aspx?page=574

Santa Clarita (City), California (2014). United States Census Bureau, State & County QuickFacts. Retrieved from http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0669088.html

Santa Clarita, California  (2014). City-Data.com. Retrieved from http://www.city-data.com/city/Santa-Clarita-California.html

Sutocky, J. (2005). Obesity-Related Morbidity and Mortality California, 2000-2002. Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.cdph.ca.gov/pubsforms/Pubs/OHIRObesity2000-2002.pdf