The Sense of Smell and Aging
Aging is the process of growing older and developing changes, such as physical, social, and psychological changes. However, an issue that has grabbed vigorous research over the recent years is studies regarding aging and smell. Various studies have shown that neurons connected to the olfactory system in elder people of over 60 years show reactions to scents and odour that create difficulties in identifying particular smells. The inability to distinguish smells impacts nutrition as the elderly may not be able to identify dangerous substances and those that are important in regards to health. Studies show that the olfactory deteriorates in its function slowly with aging excluding other self-imposed factors, such as addictive medication, smoking, and nose problems. The underlying risk associated with loss of sense of smell is the risk that the older in the society are susceptible to lack or poor appetite, and possible food deficiencies due to inability to appraise the fitness of food they consume.
The loss of sense of smell has a huge impact on the psychological state of the elderly. The ability to smell is one of the basic ways through which people connect and interact with the world around them. Smell loss tends to affect forming of relationships with other people hence may result in depression and stress or emotional tension. Unfortunately, only the victims know their situations, and another person may never know their inability to smell things. Therefore, the victims receive little or no attention. There is psychological torture to the victims of smell loss, and anosmia, and this can be a pathway to other serious disorders, such as memory loss.