Literature Review Essay Paper on Report-Whyte


The launch of China’s marketplace restructuring that was initiated in 1978 resulted in disparity in earnings gaps between the wealthy and poor populace. The country has experienced an extraordinarily sharp augmentation in terms of income disparity ever since the periods leading to 1980s (Xi 18). An in depth breakdown into the causality of this anomaly is given. For instance, in the event that an agrarian state industrializes, there is a probable and inevitable propensity for income disparities to increase primarily before later waning. When a considerable number of agriculturist leave farming for a more lucrative industrial opening, income disparity will at first increase but subsequently decline when the urban middle set has developed, and the rural populace has reduced ( Kuznets 24).                       

Consequently, a different view is given on this occurrence. The change from central deliberated socialism to a capitalistic financial system could be the cause for this disparity. The author however does not authenticate this assertion. This is because other European economies that had a transition from socialism to capitalism do not exhibit augmented increases in wealth gaps. The high level of the country’s income disparity is rooted in the historic socialist strata rather than manipulation from the universal marketplace (Whyte 45). This will sway the tides from the predicament in question.

New programs and economic stimulus packages directed at the marginalized and disadvantaged echelons of the social strata will catapult the recovery from economic disparity to normalcy fast. A recommendation for institutional modifications that will serve to break feudal societal obstacles will enhance common nationality, a diverse human resource restructuring via a standard up to date education system. Moreover, the government should invest immensely in the provision of electricity, transport services, and community health since this will enhance a link to the detached villagers and incorporate them into the nationwide economy.

In retrospect, the creation of a well constructed labor-intensive industrial plants principally for exports that are in tandem with perfectly integrated national culture, and capital markets will ideally lead to a trickledown effect of the wealth.

Works Cited

Kuznets, Simon. “Economic growth and income inequality.” The American economic review (1955): 1-28. Print

Whyte, Martin King. “Soaring income gaps: China in comparative perspective.”Daedalus 143.2 (2014): 39-52. Print

Xie, Yu. “Understanding inequality in China.” Society 30 (2010): 1-20.