Homework Writing Help on Planning Negotiations

Planning Negotiations

The United Nations advocates for peoples’ right to clean air, safe drinking water and generally, a healthy environment remains universal, and has considered  radical process towards reducing global environmental pollution and the associated climate change. While most developing countries overwhelmingly endorsed the recently prosed U.N environmental bill into an international law, majority of the developed countries wedged strong opposition to the new environmental law terming the law a strategy to curtail their industrial processes and new manufacturing ventures (Wade-Benzoni, Hoffman, Thompson, Moore, Gillespie & Bazerman, 2002). One such, the USA through its advisory board felt that signing the bill into an internal environmental law would harm the developed nations whose economy entirely depends on the manufacturing sector while benefiting developing countries with strong subsistence economic bases.  

The members varying viewpoints

The member countries who endorsed the bill had the view that if passed, the law would form a strong foundation for other environmental laws and policies. This is because the bill posed elements of improved implementation in which case the enforcement process would narrow down to the specific country whose economic base is threat to the environment. The supporting members also had the view that the law would reduce environmental injustices through increased accountability while ensuring better environmental performances. However, the opposing member countries held the idea that the bill was too vague to become useful. This group also maintained that the law had elements of redundancy since there are already existing environmental laws. Therefore, any implementation would result into flood of litigation or would possible make other important environmental laws ineffective.

A negotiation plan

Based on the varying views and interests of the U.N member countries, and added to the strong advices by opposing member not to sign the new environmental bill, there are higher possibilities that the negotiations to either reject or endorse the bill would reach a deadlock (Asherman, 2006, p. 11). With the negotiations reaching a deadlock, the need to have a negotiation plan arises so that the impasses or stalemates can be broken (Asherman, 2006, p. 11). The plan in this case follows a series of steps as outlined below are remains relevant as long as the opposing parties are willing to engage in the negotiations:

  1. The mediator must lead the negotiations from both sides, and allow the members to meet informally in a neutral place. The expectation is that the final decision to reject or endorse the bill should come automatically based on each member’s viewpoint;
  2. The team leaders from both sides must also meet informally in a neural place, and weigh their points of concern for the new environmental bill;
  3. The formed sub-groups should be able to thrash out and compare issues based on various areas ranging from technicality of application, financial constraints to policy testing before final implementation;
  4. The parties should then redefine their viewpoints, brainstorm the positive and negative sides without concentrating on individual interest and then make suggestions on possible solution; 
  5. The opposing parties should then bring an outside expert and listen to his or her perspective concerning the new bill. Based on the expert’s view, the parties can then changes their positions or change the subject to an easily resolvable one while still paying attention to the deadlock issue;
  6. The mediator should then consider a recess for the oppositions in which case the parties are to include the position of the third party in their respective viewpoints; and
  7. The mediator then suggests a minor concession, which acts as a gesture and finally offering a trade concession.

Scientific evidences point to the global warming and extreme climate change as some of the negative impacts of environmental pollution due to increased manufacturing and release of smoke and other industrial effluents (Guasco & Robinson, 2007, p. 26). Controlling environmental pollution through applicable laws does not mean preventing economic performance of industrial countries but rather butting into place measures that can help sustain the environment and its vast resources. As much as the developed countries are opposing the new environmental bill, they need to understand the much harm some of their productions have on the environment.  

References

Asherman, I. G. (Eds.). (2006). 50+ activities to teach negotiation. Amherst, MA: HRD Press, Inc.

Guasco, M. P., & Robinson, P. R. (2007). Principles of negotiation: Strategies, tactics, techniques to reach agreements. Irvine: Entrepreneur Press.

Wade-Benzoni, K. A., Hoffman, A. J., Thompson, L. L., Moore, D. A., Gillespie, J. J., & Bazerman, M. H. (2002). Barriers to resolution in ideologically based negotiations: The role of values and institutions. Academy of Management Review, 27(1), 41-57.