Homework Writing Help on Critical Infrastructure

Critical Infrastructure

Post 9/11 attacks, there have been measure to protect nations against adversaries. One of the areas that have found increased attention is Critical Infrastructure, largely because of the importance of the infrastructure to the very functioning of a country. DHS defines Critical Infrastructure as the nation’s backbone in relation to the economy, security and health (DHS, 2013).Critical Infrastructure include assets, systems and networks pertinent to the functioning of nation, that any incapacitating actions on them has a devastating effect on the economy, security and safety of the nation, and should therefore be protected from attacks by both internal and external adversaries.

According to Rege-Patwardhan (2009), Critical Infrastructure includes socio-economic sectors critical to the daily functioning and security of a nation. These include water supply systems, telecommunication, information technology, transportation, energy, chemical, financial services, food and agriculture, healthcare and public health sectors. While all the Critical Infrastructure sectors are important an require protection against both internal and external attacks, information technology and communication require even better security measures from internal and external adversaries.

For qualification of an attack as cyberterrorism, there needs to be a motive, intent and a target. In the present world, IT and communication are all interwoven in the daily lives of people and play an integral part in the security, economy and public health of a nation (Aradau, 2010). With the intention of crippling a nation’s system, terrorists may therefore target information technology and communication infrastructure, which is vital to the very running of a nation. 

Information technology and communication are largely central to the running of a nation.  Rege-Patwardhan (2009) indicates the complexity and interconnectedness of all sectors of Critical Infrastructure all relying on IT for improved efficiency and reliability. It is for this matter that information technology and communication sectors of the Critical Infrastructure require bolstered security measures. Information technology transcends its use within Critical Infrastructure to the very lives of citizens, businesspeople, governments and the education system among other sectors of a country’s functional entities. The heavy reliance on IT therefore means that more than anything, IT requires better security, as any breach on the IT and communication sectors can give access to all other sectors of the Critical Infrastructure.

Information Technology and communication sectors of the Critical Infrastructure are additionally instrumental in the production and provision of hardware and software, as well as IT systems and services through their virtual and distributed functions. Largely, the result of the collaboration of the IT and communication sectors of the Critical Infrastructure is the internet; this is a space rife with vulnerabilities that can be easily manipulated to give access to not only the IT and communication sectors, but other sectors of the Critical Infrastructure as well. Moreover, with the complex and dynamic environment of the IT and communication sectors, identification and assessment of vulnerabilities is a hard task, requiring collaboration and creativity in addressing the factors, as well as protection and better security (Trim, 2003).

Infromation technology and communication sectors of the Critical Infrastructure are vital to the functioning of the entire CI spectrum. This makes them easy targets to any internal or external adversaries. It is therefore important that their security be bolstered as a means of keeping them and the entire spectrum for the safety of the nation. What therefore are some of the possible measures and methods in the protection of Critical Infrastructure?

References

Aradau, C. (2010). Security that matters: critical infrastructure and objects of protection.Security Dialogue, 41(5), 491-514

DHS (2013).What is Critical Infrastructure?DHS. Retrieved from http://www.dhs.gov/what-critical-infrastructure

Rege-Patwardhan, A. (2009). Cybercrimes against Critical Infrastructures: A Study of Online Criminal Organization and Techniques. Criminal Justice Studies, 22(3), 261-271

Trim, P. R. J. (2003). Public and Private Sector Cooperation in Counteracting Cyberterrorism. International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence, 16(4), 594-608.