Question one: This research is on the state of Illinois, which comprises of several counties. Each county has its own system in place, comprising the law enforcement task force departments and the local authorities. The state has special courts that deal with integrating crime offenders into the civil society. The sentences that are availed in this state comprise court supervision, probations, disposal discharge, jail, or imprisonment (Illinois Association for Criminal Justice, 1968). The sentence depends on the type of felony committed. The court supervision in misdemeanor cases suspends judgment in the case for a specified period of time. The different levels of sentences given are in accordance with trial charges and the plea of committing the offence. Offenders who plead guilty and adhere to the court terms may be offered conditional discharge. The different means are necessary to reduce the high number of offenders in the prison and also offered a method by which the crime perpetrators can be supervised to have changed their behavior (Kappeler & Blumberg, 2005).
Question two: The probation sentence is where the offender is closely monitored in a specific time in which he must adhere to the conditions stipulated. In this state, the length of the probation time is determined by the class of the crime committed. There are two types of probation for drug offenders, which are 710 probation and 410 or 1410 probation.
Question three: As compared to the Minnesota state, there is an intensive probation supervision which allows for release of a convicted offender but under strict probation guidelines.
Question four: The recommendation that I would make to the state is to offer training packages to the communities on how to help offenders engage in constructive activities (Cole, 2000). The offenders should also be involved in nation building projects to uplift their morale in the society. The government should train more probation officers for easy monitoring of the offenders. Lastly, the state should offer better incentives to the parole officers so as to act as motivation for the services they offer.
Illinois Association for Criminal Justice. (1968). The Illinois crime survey (No. 9). Patterson Smith.
Kappeler, V. E., Potter, G. W., & Blumberg, M. (2005). Mythology of crime and criminal justice. Waveland Press.
Cole, D. (2000). No equal justice: Race and class in the American criminal justice system. The New Press.