Free Term Paper: Ethics Case Analysis
Independence of the mind, autonomy, and moral decisions are important concepts that must be used when making critical decisions. Ethics refer to the well-founded criterion of determining what is right or wrong and is outside the context of religion. The requisition for the funding of the Chinese company requires careful ethical examination. Different factors must be critically analyzed before arriving at an autonomous, ethical, and moral decision. Considering these, I recommend that funds need to be allocated for establishing abortion operations in clinics in China.
I have put to task varied ethical rules and theories before coming up with this stance and thereby, recommendation. Clinics should be equipped sufficiently to handle safe and efficient abortions for the willing mothers. This is in spite of the fact that the abortion debate is a raw, controversial and contentious issue within the health sector in general. It must be taken into account that venturing into this task will benefit the Chinese non-governmental organization more. Based on the current predicaments facing such organizations, it is worth noting that taking this crucial step will be tantamount to saving many lives. Moral rules refer to the justification that people offer for acting or behaving in a certain way (Mizzoni, 2010, p. 123).
These mostly depend on the scope of reference and I have complied with a moral rule in coming up with this recommendation. This is the rule that prompts one into taking the action that can lead to saving the highest number of lives when faced with crisis or any such dilemmas. These rules also depend on the rule of law of the land and in China, abortion is a legal practice. Funding a project to provide clinics that are equipped with the facilities to offer abortion services will therefore be in compliance with the laws of China and in accordance to its moral rules.
I have carefully considered the ethical theories when coming up with this recommendation. Utilitarianism is one of the theories that have been put to task and it is a theory that asserts that an action that is intended or ends up maximizing on the good consequences is deemed ethically correct. Setting up abortion facilities in the clinics will therefore save many lives and the revenue collected from conducting such operations can be further utilized in purchasing drugs and other vital requirements in the clinics. As a result, the clinics will not have to reject poor patients due to inadequate facilities and this will, ultimately, aid in reducing the number of deaths recorded due to the same. From this perspective, the theory approves the proposal.
Deontology theory has also been put forward to be utilized in this recommendation (Mizzoni, 2010, p. 124). The theory focuses majorly on the end result, in such a manner that it overlooks the means through which such results are achieved. In our situation, it is pertinent to place emphasis on what the World Health and Wealth intends to achieve. As a non-governmental organization, we have been given the sole responsibility of liberating the world from diseases and poverty, but we lack sufficient structures to reach out to the entire world. Therefore, we are forced to work hand in hand with other organizations who share our vision from all parts of the world.
The Chinese non-governmental organization is one such organization and funding the abortion projects in the clinics will make a great mark to the organization in fulfilling its vision. The consequentialist theory upholds that the grounds of determining the morality of an action is its end results or effects. This recommendation is backed by this theory because by equipping the clinics to be able to provide abortion, positive consequences will be achieved. More lives will be redeemed in the clinics throgh the facilities created from the abortion funds and such a move will, therefore, ethically upright to uphold this proposal.
Various concepts of ethics were critically examined in an attempt to establish this recommendation. Casuistry theory is one of these concepts and it justifies decisions considering the prevailing circumstances. Decisions in this regard are not made based on rules or principles but on the current circumstances. It also depends on the comparisons made with other similar cases. This concept of ethics therefore allows our organization to fund the clinics in China and facilitate the provision of abortion services. It is obvious that the clinics turn some patients away due to the insufficient facilities and resources (Mackinnon,2012,p.84). Upgrading the clinics is therefore backed by the principle because it is the best action given the prevailing circumstances.
Additionally, the recommendation has been made in line with the ethical principles under which beneficence principle is one that I have considered. Our organization is founded under this basis and funding the clinics to offer safe medical abortion is in accordance with this principle. The justice principle on the other hand states that the actions set out by the ethical theories ought to be fair. As an organization, we will be fair to China if we give their clinics an opportunity to maintain their health by funding the project. Furthermore, the respect for Autonomy principle has been put to task and it offers individuals the chance to make decisions concerning their lives (MacKinnon, 2012, p.86).
The abortion facilities in the clinics will give the mothers whose desire is to have male children the chance to make their dreams come true. Victims of unwanted pregnancies will also be able to sort out their predicaments by having abortions and this will help to improve their lives. The recommendation has also been based on the Least Harm principle. This principle is majorly applied in dilemmas where none of the options are extremely important. In relation to the current situation, upgrading the clinics to offer abortion services is the most profound choice as this will make the clinics to be self-reliant. Consequently, they will be able to save more lives making the decision more prudent as compared to the high number of deaths that would be experienced if this is not done.
World Health and Wealth has to determine and monitor the utilization of the funds in the event that the proposal is approved and this will be done in order to prevent corruption and misuse of the money by the Chinese clinics. The funds allocated by our organization to the clinics will strictly be used to finance the abortion provision program alone and any attempts to channel or redirect the funds towards other purposes other than this will result in forthwith termination of the provision of funds. My recommendation also asserts that the clinics must be forced to utilize the income generated from the abortion project purely to enhance the quality of services offered in the clinics (Mizzoni, 2010, p. 126). Failure to comply with my recommendations will lead to our organization withdrawing from the project.
MacKinnon, B. (2012). Ethics: Theory and contemporary issues, concise edition. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.
Mizzoni, J. (2010). Ethics: The basics. Chichester, West Sussex, U.K: Wiley-Blackwell.