Essay Writing Help on Understanding War on Terror

Understanding War on Terror

The 9/11 attacks have significantly influenced the American lives today at Twin Towers and other public and government installation. The events of this have never been witnessed or any other terror activity with regard to magnitude of its execution had ever been experienced. It was in the morning of September 11, 2001 when nineteen extremists carried out a daring attack by hijacking four commercial planes. These were followed by total deviation of the plane’s original routes. Two of the hijacked planes crashed to the famous world trade center while the third one was directed to Pentagon. However, the forth plane never reached its ‘intended’ destination either the Capital or White House but rather crashed en route. In this specific day, nearly 3000 civilian lives were lost (Coaty 2012).

Despite recognition of all the nineteen hijackers through their flight information, no group came forward to officially claim responsibility of the terrorist activities. However, the United States government suspected that Osama Bin Laden and his terrorist group (Al Quaida) were behind the attacks. The speculations went on until 2004 when Osama Bin Laden and Al Quaida group officially claimed responsibility for the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Bin Laden admitted that he coordinated, trained extremists and ordered the attacks. These attacks have brought various schools of thoughts and countermeasures proposed. Some have proposed further security measures to be improved for cock pit, offer military trainings to pilots and first officers and other proposed the strengthening of immigration laws.

September 11, 2001 attacks led to President Gorge W. Bush declaring ‘war on terror’ on September 20, 2001. The events of 9/11 shaped the America’s foreign policy and its measures to curb terrorism. International policy was also greatly affected by these effects especially the Presidential declaration of war on terror. This declaration altered various government operations including the establishment of USA Patriot Act, the war; creation of TSA as well as other issues which soldier were required to combat including health problems of Ground Zero. Whether these measures yielded positive or negative consequences, United States have never been the same especially with regard to security. September 11, 2001 attacks not only brought terror and fear among the Americans, but also devastated the economy, worsened the state of recession, created widespread unemployment while various airports faced bankruptcy. In addition, there was increased cost for insurance due to costly undertakings and overhauls of security measures and systems (Coaty 2012).

The declaration of war on terror never sunk in the minds and thoughts of Americans as well as across the globe when it was initially declared. The aftermath of the declaration and consequences were devastating and far much reaching to lives of Americans and all the citizens across the world. The attacks opened another chapter in the globe security circles and acted like a blinding flash while benumbing the country to the reality of unimagined threats and dangers. The shared vulnerabilities created a sense of unity while strong recommendations were suggested to avert such act on American soil. The Presidential declaration of war on terror effectively opened the chapter of cold war notwithstanding the new rubric of world peace as well as economic cooperation that were fostered till 9/11.

After the 9/11 attacks, FAA was legally mandated to be in charge of the security and safety of the civil aviation industry with regard to controls and regulations. This meant the total and clear maintenance of a safe and secure distance between aircrafts airborne. These changes made the FAA headquarters as the ultimate body charged with management and regulation of the National Airspace Systems. Any incidences of hijackings or accidents are usually received by the operations center located at the FAA headquarters. The 9/11 response efforts were greatly hampered by the uncoordinated rescue efforts, in this regard, FAA control center independently acts upon receiving information concerning safety and security of America’s airspace. Operational decisions are independently undertaken to ensure minimal threats and ensures quick response in case of an imminent danger. Before the 9/11 attacks, cases of commercial aircrafts losing transponder signals and slight deviation from their course was normal though occurred less frequently. However, the simultaneous loss of transponder signal and radio communications with ground air traffic control towers can only be termed as an alarming occurrence, which normally indicates a disastrous system failure or an aircraft’s crash (Coaty 2012).

War on terror was a creation of American government and it created a state of ‘cold war’ where one was caught in between hard choice, ‘you are with us or against us’. War on terror was a concept that was geared towards macro-securitization depending on the possible security situations at the moment which represents unpredictable events. When terrorism is securitized, war on terrorism affects all levels of security operations both at institution and individual levels. This results to policies and safety regulations which offers choices mostly infringing on the various liberal values upheld by a country. These measures further can be construed to prohibit the concept on ‘non negotiations with terrorists’ since by so doing, it would legitimize their actions and course. However, when such a concept is implemented, no country of government across the world can handle its consequences or activities. To achieve clear objectives of war on terror, insulation ought to be way where the state implements policies for ‘hardening’ the country both from penetration by any terrorist cell and secondly strengthening the infrastructure installations within the country against terror attacks. This measure can only be undertaken against the back drop of liberal values as well as economic liberalization (Coaty 2012).

Repression is the other measure which represents the sharp end of war on terror. This aspect and recommendation revolves around the actual combat towards terrorists and their territories. This involves use of military of police in complete elimination of the terrorists. When implemented in democratic societies, both repression and insulation undermines various and essential core liberal values which forms pillars to democracy and fundamental human rights and freedoms. Finally, war on terror considers the world as an unequal environment hence calling for equalizing. Terrorism is therefore born from these injustices and inequalities across the world incorporating political, social and economic fronts. Where inequalities and injustices the greatest driver to terrorism, the most developed and well resource endowed countries are not ready to embrace the concept of equalizing especially in economic terms. Therefore, the possibility of short term imbalances which might result from such measures is more likely to outweigh the gains in the long term especially after consideration of all the existing disparities.

After the 9/11 attacks, terrorism has evolved in various forms since the terrorists believe in their course. After the death and burial of Osama Bin Laden at the sea, it was thought that terrorism was buried with him and minimal cases were likely. However, contrary to such notion, the evolution of terrorism has assumed a new shape though at a small scale level. Since 9/11 attacks, the terrorism cells across the world especially Al Quaida have never been in a position to pull an attack of such much magnitude as witnessed in 9/11. Terrorism has now increased the decentralization strategy with strong operational capabilities. The decentralization means, large scale and expensive attacks are unlikely although serious security threat is posed by this strategy. In this strategy, security agents find it hard identifying individual terrorists or members of extremists groups. Hence weakening their ability to thwart terrorist activities is greatly undermined. This is demonstrated by the only subsequent attack in the United States where a gunmen acting on individual capacity shot and killed several people probably under the influence of Al Quaida ideology (Coaty 2012).

Since 9/11, the only tool and mostly effective strategy for terrorist cells is the communication of their ideologies to constituency radicals globally. Terrorism has also evolved to different groupings probably with various ideologies unlike before the 9/11 attacks where they were unified under one Al Quaida cell hence capable of high scale attacking. Currently, terrorists are operating on small magnitude in respective countries without a clear and unifying leadership. Although the tactical approach and style of terrorism may be similar; use of violence to kill their targets, goals and objectives of terrorist cells has been confined only to their region or country of operation.

In conclusion, the 9/11 attack acted as a wakeup call to authorities across the world especially in the US since they have been in a position of preventing such attacks. This has been achieved through policies and combats which have decapitated and destroyed terrorist organizations and networks across the world. Therefore, a closer look at terrorist landscape ten years after the 9/11 attacks is completely different. The US is likely to witness terrorist attacks like 9/11 though attacks from individuals and small groups are less traceable.  

Work Cited

Coaty, Patrick. Understanding the War on Terror, Kendall Hunt Publishers. 2012. Print.