Essay Writing Help on The Abolition Movement and the Women Movement

The Abolition Movement and the Women Movement

The Abolition Movement evolved from the larger reform movement against slavery in America, as most Americans were afraid of the consequences of emancipation in the early 1800s. Following the establishment of the American Colonization Society in 1817, the message that was being passed by leaders from the Upper South was that social stability in America could only be achieved through colonization. The colonization received opposition especially among the African Americans. As a result, reform movements began to spring up among the African American community and such was the establishment of abolitionist societies in the North. Vocal individuals also began to weigh in on the issue. One of them was David Walker, the author of the Freedom Journal who in 1827 appealed to the colored citizens of the world to end black exploitation. 1831, William Lloyd Garrison founded the Liberator Magazine which spoke advocated for racial equality.

Christian evangelicals who launched crusades with a unifying message around the country also reinforced the message for an end to slavery. The Declaration of Independence also acted as a new platform to energize the call for equality and end of slavery and new societies and movements continued springing up in support of this initiative. One key movement was the American Anti-Slavery society, which was launched in Philadelphia in 1833 under the leadership of Theodore Weld from Lane Theological Seminary. Weld was an energized crusader who used all available means to spread the message that it was time to end slavery in America and in the world. Through provocative articles, pamphlets, public lectures, posters, among others, weld continued to lobby for an end to slavery. Riots began to take the centre stage in the Northern Cities amidst fears of economic emancipation.

These moves received opposition from several quarters especially in the South where supporters of slavery burned abolitionist literature and sought to kill the leaders of the abolition movement. The other hurdle was the Gag Rule of Congress in 1836 the Supreme Court’s ruling in  1842 in Prigg v. Pennsylvania Pennsylvania’s which declared the liberty law unconstitutional. However, the abolition movement still had some political support from people like Quincy Adams who opposed the Congress Gag Rule. The formation of the Liberty Party supported by African Americans also added weight to the war.

 Another thorn in the flesh for the Abolition Movement was the clash with feminist movements, which saw sharp divisions in the abolitionist movements in 1840 over the acceptance of women speakers and officers. This led to a new dimension, with women taking war on their male counterparts and women rights’ movements began to emerge. Women abolitionists took to the podium not only calling for the end of slavery, but also advocating for women rights.