Essay Writing Help on Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Strategies

Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Strategies


        This essay concerns a quantitative research critique that depicts the appraisal skills applied in the nursing report. It entails a study on sleep issues by use of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic strategies. The research problem in this case is insomnia or lack of sleep. It is clearly identified through use of strategies that relate to education, adults’ gender, income and age. Insomnia is a problem that is significant in nursing because it enables patients to get advice concerning the issue. This is through selecting strategies that can assist them to alleviate risks that are associated with the illness and health costs. The research about insomnia is relevant in nursing when it depicts the use and success of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic as successful strategies for sleep issues based on demographics. The hypothesis in this research critiques on whether these strategies can ease sleep issues.

Review of the Literature

        According to literature review, the research problem is evident when insomnia contributes to poor sleep. As a result, this has affected the way individuals relate with others, and their capability to execute normal tasks (Napoli, 2005). Insomnia has an impact to the entire society, whereby it affects lives and works by increasing automobile accidents. In this text, it is clear that there is a wide range of strategies that incorporate both prescribed and non-prescribed medicines to relieve sleep problems. These strategies vary in relation to personal habits of individuals and their background. The gaps and conflicts concerning the identified issue indicate that insomnia is perceived to be a disorder when it leads to anxiety. The conflict concerning this issue is evident when individuals suffer depression, and blood pressure that hikes the health costs. In relation to the literature review, this study is of a sound basis when it depicts the successful strategy to treat insomnia.

Theoretical or Conceptual Framework

       Theories or concepts that apply in this study reveal that pharmacologic strategy is the popular cure for sleep sickness. In addition, there are other non-Pharmacologic strategies that promote sleep hygiene, and they include proper eating and drinking habits before bedtime. Theoretically, behavioral and cognitive approaches tend to ease insomnia with fear of side effects. After examining strategies that relief sleep sickness, the use of drugs or pharmacologic policy is considered successful in alleviating signs of insomnia. However, researchers warn of the long-term use of medicines due to its risks and side effects that makes a person to sleep during the day. This implies that the non-pharmacologic strategy to treat insomnia could be embraced for long-term use after medications are tapered. It is evident that the nonpharmacologic approach to cure insomnia has immediate and lasting effects while the pharmacologic therapy fades with time. For instance, sleep hygiene strategy involves reduction of noise and alcohol that leads to efficient and quality sleep.

Protection of Human Research Participants

        The process that was applied to protect the rights of participants in the study involved health providers who guided patients with insomnia to select appropriate strategies. Another procedure to protect the applicants was by ensuring that they were 18 years and above (Reeve, 2010). These precautions were sufficient because if children were allowed to participate, they would risk side effects, especially in testing the pharmacologic strategy.

Research Design

     The research design is described clearly and is appropriate because it mentions the report as a quantitative type. This study incorporates treatment that reveals use of medicine as a pharmacologic strategy, and taking hygiene measure as a nonpharmacologic approach to cure insomnia. The protocol in this study is clearly indicated and implemented in a consistent manner by informing the participants the vital details of the study. For instance, they inform people of its benefits, risks, duration, and confidentiality of their information.


        The population entailed 401 participants, 101 individuals were dropped and data for analysis was from 300 contestants. The sample is described with sufficient details cited that persons who had not attained 18 years could not be permitted to participate. The biases were minimized because they allowed individuals who could access the website to participate. The size was adequate and power analysis reported, but the names of applicants were not revealed.


     Instruments that were relevant to the study included the internet survey. It was appropriate to the given choices because it discouraged the applicants from skipping quizzes. It suits the population and gives valid report, such as age (Shub, 2009).

Data Collection

The procedures for collecting data involved use of advertisement on the internet that made individuals to click on the link. It minimized biasness by enabling both genders from 18 years and above to participate.  

Data Analysis

  The statistical method used was SSPS software of 2007. The analysis controlled the confounding variables by enabling contestants to rate their success in a range of 1 to 4 (Napoli, 2005). Type 1 and type II errors were avoided when they did not involve the report of dropouts.


All findings are indicated based on research and theoretical approach, and reveals that many adults may not be aware of the insomnia issue. The interpretations of findings are consistent when they exhibit that nonpharmacologic strategy is efficient to treat insomnia. These findings contribute to the evidence that relate to nursing practice. This is because the non pharmacologic strategy is long lasting and has no side effects compared to the pharmacologic strategy.


Napoli, M. (2005). Melatonin, the over-the-counter sleep aid has some effectiveness. Health         Facts, 30, 6

Reeve, K. (2010). Insomnia in adults: Etiology and management. Journal for Nurse Practitioners,            691(1), 53–60.

Shub, D.  (2009). Non-pharmacologic treatment of insomnia in persons with dementia.                  Geriatrics, 64(2), 22–26.