Writing Assignment US History
The report on Mr. Randolph’s propositions suggested there was a greater need to set up a National government. The National government was to consist of three branches which were:
Each branch had to have its own detailed and well defined functions it was mandated to carry out. The branches also had their rights they were to enjoy to be able to perform the functions that had been delegated to each.
The suggestions by Mr. Patterson were to correct and bring changes for the previous report by Mr. Randolph about the National government. According to Mr. Patterson, there was no need of coming up with a national government as there were assumptions of suppression on some states. Mr. Patterson proposition was that rather than forming a National government and distributing power and functions, the Congress should be given more powers.
The Virginia Plan in its structure wanted two houses that were supposed to be represented in a fair manner. The New Jersey Plan wanted to have equal representation in the Congress. Hence the New Jersey set up of the Congress was supposed to be a one house.
According to Mr. Randolph’s there were set guidelines that directed the membership of the Congress. Since the Congress is made up of two houses, there are two appointment strategies to both houses. The members of the first house are supposed to be elected by the citizens of the various states and they were supposed to serve for a period of three years. Members of the second house were to be selected by the legislatures. The members were supposed to at least have attained the age of thirty years in order to be considered for a membership position. The length of the terms of service for the legislative branch differs on the house, whether it is the first or the second house. The outlined terms of service by the legislative branch should be full time based since it is concerned mainly with the law making and amendments. The first house legislatures offer their services for a contracted period of three years from the time they are given the mantle.
According to Mr. Randolph’s propositions the representation on the Congress was based on a fair representation. This means that the representation must not be of the same number as there might be cases where some states are over represented than the others. Mr. Randolph’s suggestions for the Congress representation was different from the previous, his suggestions were entirely for equal representation in the Congress. Every member state was supposed to have the same representation to ensure standard distribution of resources.
When there is unequal representation of congress membership, this will greatly trigger the decision making process. The represented states will be on the advantage since the unrepresented states will not have a say in the vote casting. For the sake of equal representation the voting process will bring equality and harmony for all states.
There is a difference in both plans about the powers that should be held by the congress. From the report by the Virginia Plan, the congress has no or little powers. The powers of the congress have been distributed to the three branches; Legislature, Executive and the Judiciary. The New Jersey plan leans more on refuting the Virginia Plan, they are advocating for additional powers to the Congress. The New Jersey Plan articulated for more powers on the way of setting and collecting taxes from the states rather than distributing those powers.
The Virginia Plan’s composition of the Executive was only a single person who was chosen by the National legislature and served for a period of seven years. The Executive branch in the New Jersey did not have a specified number of members and the period they would serve. The number of persons in that branch and the period to be in service was to be written down at the time of appointment.
In the New Jersey report, the executive were to effect the federal acts and appoint federal officers. From the Virginia Plan, the executive branch was mandated to reject Acts of legislature that shall not be otherwise passed.
In the Virginia Plan, Supreme Court composed of judges who were appointed by the second branch of the legislature. According to the New Jersey Plan, the supreme Tribunal consisted of judges who were appointed by the Executive.
Additional courts are provided for in case there is violation of treaties or some people preventing execution of acts and treaties that have been put in place. In such cases assistance from the Confederated States is called in for assistance.
The New Jersey plan does provide more powers to the central government. This is evident in that it does not support the distribution of powers to the National government but call for a common source of power, which is the congress. The plan also calls for equality; hence, it gives the federal government more powers to exercise mandate in provision of equality among states.