Environmental Studies Sample Paper on Energy Change and the Environment

Energy Change and the Environment

            The article ‘Global energy dilemmas: a geographical perspective’ by Michael J. Bradshaw (2010) illustrates the challenge facing the world in terms of the adoption of clean energy and the poor sustainability of the fossil fuels. This article looks at the trends in the world regarding the climatic change that has majorly been affected negatively by the fossil fuels. There is an increasing pressure on the world’s nations to lessen the consumption of the carbon-based fuels in order to prevent a possible environmental catastrophe in the near future.

            Bradshaw (2010) claims that studies have shown that the demand for fossil fuels is likely to exceed by far the demand in the near future. He observes that when the price of petroleum rises, it makes it economically viable to extract oil from complicated reserves, such as those in Alaska and the Canadian sand reserves. The lowering of the global price of oil results in a reverse effect. Therefore, it will still be theoretically possible to meet the demand, albeit at a higher cost (Bradshaw, 2010). The problem with continued use of hydrocarbon fuels to provide energy also threatens the environment by the emissions that cause global warming.

            For most of the 19th and 20th century, the western developed nations were responsible for most of the emissions of greenhouse gases. The current trend is that most of the emissions nowadays are being released by the developing nations, with the leading country being China. More developing nations are becoming industrialized resulting in higher emissions coming from them. At the same time, there is a great campaign in favor of renewable clean energy in order to conserve the environment. Attaining the goal of conserving the environment without limiting the growth of the economies of these countries is really the dilemma that the world is facing.


Bradshaw, M. J. (2010). Global energy dilemmas: A geographical perspective. The Geographical Journal, 176, 275-290.