English Sample Paper on Cause and effect of Obesity

Obesity: Cause and effect essay outline

  1. Hook: Obesity in medical terms is a complex disorder that involves an individual having excess amount of body fat. It has the disadvantage in that it increases the risks of having heart diseases among other physical, economic and social problems. 

Connecting information: Various predisposing factors like genetic makeup of a person, lifestyle and emotions have triggered the onset of obesity, thus leading to physical, social, emotional and psychological effects among others.

Thesis Statement: With the rising cases of obesity especially by the younger generations, it is important to identify the various causes and effects of obesity.

  1. Causes of obesity
    1. Cause 1: Genetic
      1. Children of obese parents are more likely to become obese as compared to children of lean parent
      1. Some other genetic makeups of a person may contribute immensely to an individual becoming overweight.
    1. Cause 2: Diet
      1. The choice of food that one takes greatly contributes towards obesity.
      1. Eating food that is high in carbohydrates and fats may lead to obesity.
      1. Water is essential in maintaining a healthy body for the purpose of enabling fat solubility.
    1. Cause 3: Lifestyles
      1. Majority of the town, college and working people nowadays prefer to eat junk foods because they are tasty, cheap, and more readily available.
      1. Poor food choices also contributes to obesity
    1.  Cause 4: Emotional factors
      1. Some psychological problems like depression, anorexia nervosa, anger as well as hopelessness influences a person’s eating habit and may lead to obesity. 
    1. Cause 5: Education
      1. Lack of knowhow and awareness of the effect of obesity may lead to people making wrong food choices, overeating, or bad eating habits.
  2. Conclusion

Obesity, though commonly known as overweight has serious effects on the life of an individual as well as the community, and therefore, actions need to be taken to identify the causes of the problems as well as the solution. 

Cause and effect essay on Obesity


At its simplest definition, obesity occurs when the body accumulates excess fat which in turn may have negative impact on the health, economic as well as the social welfare of an individual (Kopelman, Caterson & Dietz, 2010). The history of obesity cannot be well ascertained, but it is assumed that obesity is as old as the human nature (Wolin & Petrelli, 2009). Obesity can trigger the onset of diseases including heart diseases and diabetes among others. Lack of exercise, overeating, and genetic composition of a person as well as the lack of nutritional knowledge are some of the factors that can greatly lead to obesity. These causes may in turn lead to several effects which in broad terms can be categorized as health risks, economic risks, physical and psychological risks. This being the case, this paper will aim at identifying some of the causes of obesity as well as the effect of obesity on an individual in society.

Causes of obesity

Cause 1: Genetic

Science researcher has shown that there is a great relationship between genetics and obesity. A person’s gene may directly cause obesity in certain disorders like Bardet-Biedl syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome (Eckel, 2003 p. 345).  Research done indicates that if the parents are obese, there is a greater chance of one or some of their children being obese. This fact does not lead to the conclusion that obesity is only caused by genetic factors, but other environmental factors also contributes greatly to the onset of obesity

Cause 2: Diet

Diet is a chief cause of obesity. The food that we eat greatly affects the body nutritional components. Failure to eat a balanced diet is likely to cause diseases while at the same time, eating excess of one type of food (fats and carbohydrates) may lead to obesity.  It should be noted that the amount of calories taken by individuals and drinks impacts on their weight. Consuming more than the body can burn leads to excess fat being stored which gradually lead to obesity. At the same time, it should be noted that certain food especially the sugary category and the junk foods has a high fat and sugar contents and when eaten in large quantity or more frequent than normal, may lead to the body storing up fats which in the end leads to obesity (Hu, 2008). Failure of an individual to drink enough water also affects the metabolic processes in the body as the body becomes toxic and unable to get rid of excess fat as calories are burned. The correct nutritional content in the body ensures that the body has the correct amount of nutrients required to maintain a healthy body.

Cause 3: Lifestyles

Lifestyle is another major contributor of obesity especially among the college and young people in the community. Fast food joints offer mostly high calorie foods and drinks that are liked by many young people. Most of the contemporary persons live a sedentary lifestyle characterized by irregular lifestyle with no physical activities (Williams & Frühbeck 2009 p. 368).  Most of the college people and other working class citizens as well as young children are subjected to sugary foods which the body cannot fully utilize. The net effect of this leads to accumulation of fat calories in the body, which in turn lead to overweight. Young people and college guys hate to cook for themselves and prefer to eat at the “junk food” joints that offers low price, high calorie food. The cheaper food that are highly saturated with fat, combined with the sedentary lifestyle, characterized by lack of strenuous physical exercises, lead to obesity (p. 40). It should be noted that lack of physical exercise that helps in burning out fat in the body leads to the same fat being retained in the body (Bouchard, 2000 p. 120).

Cause 4: Emotional factors

In the contemporary society, many people have found ways to eliminate negative emotions like depression, sadness, loneliness and anger through overeating (Murphy, 2012). Studies done indicate that consumption of food rich in high fat and sugar helps in relieving the nerves as well as stress. Though this is on a short term basis, the relieve leads to overeating (46). People suffering from seasonal affective disorders usually eat more and sleep in excess. This is likely to cause excess fat be retained in the body thus leading to obesity.

Cause 5: Education

Parents are unwilling to guide their children on quality nutrition. In turn, they buy candy, chocolates and potato crisps as well as other junk food and drinks that have high fat and sugar contents. The consumers of these products add weight slowly and in the end leads to obesity. This being the case, lack of education on good nutrition, poor education background as well as poor financial standards may lead to non adherence of good diet behaviors (Ács, Lyles & Stanton, 2007 p. 40). At the same time, obese children may not have the knowhow on how to practice good nutritional care, thus consuming the wrong nutritional values that are not beneficial to their bodies. It should be noted that majority of the people around the globe are misinformed on health and nutrition and therefore end up making the wrong food choices that harms their body.

Other causes of obesity include health conditions, whereby some hormonal issues may lead to overweight thus obesity (Freedman, 2009). Some types of medication may lead to body weight increase including antidepressants and seizure medicines. Smoking, pregnancy, age and lack of sleep may also lead to overweight.


Obesity affects all classes of people and it poses great danger once it becomes complicated.  It affects the young and the old and it doesn’t consider geographical location or gender. Lack of proper education, genetic makeup of a person, lifestyle and especially the sedentary lifestyle, emotional factors and diet are some of the main causes of obesity. This being the case, understanding the root causes of obesity may help an individual in formulating strategies that can be used to reduce its impact on the society. Some of these strategies include eating the correct diet, changing one’s lifestyle, avoiding stress related problems. All in all, unless it is genetically oriented, nutritional education as well as physical exercise should be emphasized.


Ács, Z. J., Lyles, A., & Stanton, K. R. (2007). Obesity, business and public policy. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Top of Form

Bouchard, C. (2000). Physical activity and obesity. Champaign, Ill: Human Kinetics.

Eckel, R. H. (2003). Obesity: Mechanisms and clinical management. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Freedman, J. (2009). Understanding obesity: The mental and physical effects of obesity. New York: Rosen Pub

Hu, F. B. (2008). Obesity epidemiology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kopelman, P. G., Caterson, I. D., & Dietz, W. H. (2010). Clinical obesity in adults and children. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.

Murphy, W. B. (2012). Obesity. Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century Books

Williams, G., & Frühbeck, G. (2009). Obesity: Science to practice. Chichester, UK: Wiley.

Wolin, K. Y., & Petrelli, J. M. (2009). Obesity. Santa Barbara, Calif: Greenwood Press.