Education Research Paper on Science and Math Integrating Literacy in Early Childhood

Science and Math Integrating Literacy in Early Childhood


              For a long time teachers have been using archaic methods to teach students in class. These methods are not research based hence their effectiveness is not in doubt. The lessons and assessments do not put into consideration the needs, desires and the capacities of the students. A good teacher needs to put himself/herself in the shoes of the students before beginning to teacher or even doing setting assignments. This will make the teacher to see things from the perspective of the students (Alvermann, 2005).

           What a student is taught when he/she is young plays a very big role when he/she is an adult. This is the reason as to why an early childhood teacher needs to use methods that are research based when preparing the lessons and even when doing the actual teaching. A teacher is not expected to be a babysitter in class but a leader who will guide the students towards gaining meaningful knowledge. Dr Clinard argues that students should not be labeled as having strengths and weaknesses rather as needs. When teachers and parents see the areas that a student is weak at as a need, it will be easier for them to come up with a way of helping .However, when something is taken as a weakness or strength, it creates positive and negative connotations because a weakness is regarded as negative and strength positive. When a student does not person well in a specific area, he/she is not weak but rather has a need that requires to be attended to by both the teachers and the parents. If this approach is given, the students will be helped successfully.

              Based on the research he conducted, Dr.Linda says that math, science and literacy have to be integrated in the early childhood and development teaching. He says that mathematics, Science and literacy are connected because when a student is having a debate on a science concept or a mathematics question, he/she has to be clear on the language he/she uses and has to think about the meanings of the words used. He argues that literacy is more than just reading and writing. It involves listening, speaking, thinking, reading and writing and this is proven through research. In any kind of learning using any content, the five skills have to be used and when one possesses all those it can then be said that he/she is literate.

            Equally, math and science cannot be separated from literacy this is due to the fact that the skills of listening, speaking, thinking, reading and writing are employed in the two subjects. Therefore, literacy does not only involve language teaching, but also when teaching the above named subjects. Therefore, a student is considered to be math or science literate, if he she can use the above named skills effectively because they are very integral to understanding and solving problems (Clements, Douglas, 2001).

        Since literacy involves listening, speaking, thinking, reading and writing, when students read aloud in class they improve these skills therefore, improving literacy, mathematics and science. This is important because as one reads, another student is improving his/ her listening and thinking skills. Equally, the one reading is improving his/her reading skills and eventually when they write, they improve their skills. Teachers are also required to have these skills because they cannot teach what they don’t know or have.

       Parents also need to play a big role in improving the literacy of their children. They need to involve their children in activities that put into practice the five skills that lead to literacy. They can help their kids to do patterning, looking at pictures and commenting about them, telling those

Example of good for extending learning to home (Clinard, 2005) include stories, taking them out for science walks and even counting other children as they walk.


Alvermann, D. (2005).Content Reading and Literacy. Succeeding in Today’s Diverse World.

Clements, Douglas (2001).Mathematics in Preschool Teaching.

Clinard (2005).Family Time Reading.