Difference Between a Resume and Curriculum Vitae

Difference Between a Resume and Curriculum Vitae

When applying for a job that requires higher education and considerable experience, employers will ask for curriculum vitae (otherwise referred to as a CV) and not a resume.

CV and resume are often confused to mean the same thing. Although their functions are quite similar, the focus is completely different.

  1. Length

The most conspicuous difference between a resume and a CV can be seen in the length. A resume is a one or two-page document that primarily summarizes personal qualifications, education, and experience and is designed to demonstrate fitness for a specific position. A Curriculum Vitae (CV) on the other hand is a detailed document designed specifically for academic use.

  1. Purpose

A resume focuses on one’s strongest qualifications. A CV on the other hand provides a short summary of educational qualifications and experience related to the course applied for. Consequently, most employers will want curriculum vitae instead of a resume for higher education positions.

For most Ph.D. students, their professional CVs have between two to four pages due to limited experience. However, the document develops over time into a lengthy, comprehensive piece detailing academic, professional qualifications, and experience.

  1. Use

How a resume or CV is used may also depend on the country or geographical location. In most European, Asian and the Middle East, and African countries, most employers expect a CV.  In the US a CV is primarily used for academic, scientific, and research positions, while a resume is mainly used for job applications.

If applying for jobs overseas such as in Europe, it’s always advisable to use Curriculum Vitae. Better yet, find out more on CV writing and resume writing guidelines used by other countries.

Consult professional CV writers and resume writers from reliable companies online for assistance. Get a professional CV or resume that will help increase your chances for the position applied.