Custom Writing Help on CHILD DEVELOPMENT


  1. How would you explain to parents the importance of the stages a preschool-age child goes through in acquiring syntax and morphology? In your own words, describe the main developments that occur in each stage (I-IV) as presented in the course text.

The stages help parents to understand the normal growth processes, and thus help them understand the child better. In cases of problems, children’s psychologists can be consulted for early intervention. This is in line with the expressive development of a child. Through this understanding, parents and caregivers can know what to expect from the children. The stages also help in the structural analysis of a child’s language. Children acquire language and knowledge in the first stages of preschool age. Success in future schooling is dependent on the language skills acquired. Therefore, parents and guardians can predict the readiness of a child to join school and the mathematical ability of the child. During these stages, children learn how to interact with others; they learn the meanings of words, how these meanings are represented, and how language is used. Children can therefore be helped to enrich their relationships at these stages.  Parents can bond more with their children during these stages. These facilitate better brain development. This bonding can help children acquire various measures of language at two years.

At the age of six months, a child is expected to respond to his name and vocalize with an ascent. The child can normally respond to the voices of the people without having to look at them by moving the head towards the direction. They can easily respond to tones whether they are angry or friendly. At the age of twelve months, the child can comfortably use more than one word with the correct meanings. They can take in simple instructions with the use of vocal or physical signals. They can practice inflection and understand the social importance of speech. At 18 months, the vocabulary totals to 20 words, majority being the nouns, they can repeat words repeatedly while employing slang with some emotions. At this stage, children are able to follow simple instructions. At two years, children make use of prepositions such as in and on. They can also name the surrounding objects in their surroundings. There is also the combination of words to form short sentences. More than three quarters of the child’s oral communication is intelligible with the vocabularies making more than 200 words. Children are however poor in rhyme and fluency at this stage. They are also unable to control the pitch and volume of their voices. Some pronouns can also be made into use; for instance, I and me.

  • Define two types of knowledge needed to achieve communicative competence.
  • Sociolinguist competence: this is concerned with the perfect speaker and listener conversation who are well versed with the language.  The usage and the response of the language are in a specific topic, setting, and relationship of the communicating people. This knowledge enquires on the phrases and words that fit within the given setting, the attitude, for instance, how is one expected to know the attitude expressed by the other person?
  • Strategic competence is involved with the perfection of the non-verbal and verbal communication strategies. For effective communication, this competency balances for the insufficiency in the grammatical and linguistic competencies.
  • Which of the theoretical approaches to studying and understanding language learning do you most associate with, and why? As part of your explanation, include relevant examples of your own experience
  • The natural approach- In this theory, acquiring new language does not call for use of the cognizant grammatical rules and active involvement. A person has to interact with the desired language and pass the required message. Adults can then acquire any foreign language. Adults must however overcome the challenge of abstract, which makes them alert in grammar procession. When using the acquisition and learning paths, adults can easily learn a new language. Children on the other hand only use the acquisition path.
  • Cognitive approach employs the mental capacity to think and learn. This approach facilitates understanding by relating concepts, separating information, and relating the logics. This is important in the acquisition and interpretation of the oral knowledge