Cultural and Ethics Studies Essay Paper on Immigration Issues

Immigration Issues

In 2013, the US legislation embarked on finding the solution for the 11 million undocumented immigrants who reside in various parts of the country. The Senate proposed a bill that incorporated a path towards American citizenship for illegal immigrants, in an attempt to assist young immigrants who entered the country as children, as well as enhancing border security. American citizens hold numerous misconceptions toward illegal immigrants, which include evasion of taxes, escalating crime rates, and enjoyment of free services. The white people in the US have developed stereotypes on unauthorized immigrants because they fear to become minority, as this make overturn their quest to retain power in their state.

1. What are some of the stereotypes about the economic impact of immigration in the United States?

Immigration to the US has transformed the country, but a section of citizens perceives immigration as a threat to their survival. Some of the stereotypes that American citizens hold against unauthorized immigrants are that they are disrupting the labor market, and do not pay taxes. Immigrants are blamed of taking jobs that are meant for the citizens, thus, increasing the unemployment rate. In most states, residents perceive illegal immigrants as the major cause of violent crimes in large cities and towns. They carry the thought that some immigrants cross the borders to evade the law in their countries. Some believe that all Latinos are unauthorized immigrants and are Spanish speakers.    

2. What has social science research found regarding these stereotypes?

By stereotyping the immigrants, American people have made the contributions made by immigrants go unnoticed. Most of the unauthorized immigrants entering the US are skilled people who are seeking greener pastures. They claimed that the US has more opportunities to earn a living than their own countries. A survey carried out by Public Agenda dispelled the stereotypes by stating that majority of immigrants were committed to work without government assistance programs, even though they were frustrated by the country’s bureaucracy (Immigrants Dispel Negative Stereotypes, 2003). The study underscored the contribution of new generation of immigrants towards changing the cities, suburbs, as well as rural communities through technological innovations. Unauthorized immigrants are essential in providing labor in low-end jobs, where natives ignore.

3. What are the main ways that states and governments attempt to control immigration?

Illegal immigration does not happen without a certain level of regulation. Since 9/11 incident, the federal government and the states have taken several measures in curbing illegal immigration. The federal government through the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has engaged the Border Patrol in tightening border security, cracking down illegal immigrants, in addition to implementing immigration laws (Newbold, 2010, p. 159). According to Newbold, the federal government intervened through establish new fencing, and new technology, which included underground sensors, infrared scopes, and computer tracking (p. 165). DHS is also handling the issuance of numerous documents, in an attempt to control the movement of people along the Mexican and Canadian borders. In mid-1990s, both state and federal government implemented social policies to differentiate between documented and undocumented immigrants in the effort to restrict illegal immigration in states (Mink & O’Connor, 2004, p. 399). However, these attempts have not succeeded in curbing illegal immigration entirely, as immigrants shift to areas where attention is minimal. 

4. To what extent are states successful in controlling migration?

Both legal and illegal immigration are issues that states have to deal with while the Congressional representatives have to be involved in controlling illegal immigration. The country has made a major step toward curbing illegal immigration by establishing several agencies, which work under DHS. Through Border Patrol measures, the number of apprehensions reduced from 450,000 to 284,000 from 1994 to 1997 (Newbold, 2010, p. 165). The 9/11 incident made the country to be more serious in immigration issues. The family unification program has been successful in governing immigration policy. Even though no limits are placed for immediate relatives, these relatives have to meet certain requirements to be permitted visas. Temporary visas have worked in some states, and have become valuable in attracting skilled workers to the states.

5. What have been some of the unintended consequences of migration regulations?

The Congress has been faulted for routinely making far-reaching policy decisions without considering the critical dynamics behind the policy. The amendment of immigration law in 1965, which was meant to restrict immigrants from Europe, brought unintended consequences, as immigration route changed from Europe to Latin America and Asia. The population of illegal immigrants, who came from Latin America, rose rapidly after the amendment. The policy of seasonal workers, who were allowed to enter the country to work in agricultural lands and then return to their countries, was not well administered, as many immigrants chose to remain in the country illegally.

Conclusion

Illegal immigration has created fear among the majority whites because their number is declining while that of unauthorized immigrants is rising. If the situation is not reviewed, the whites will be ousted from power, as their number will not be adequate to command any law. In addition, several stereotypes have emerged to dismiss illegal immigrants. American citizens believe that unauthorized immigrants create negative impact on their economy through evading taxes, enjoying free services, and denying them job opportunities. They also claim that immigrants contribute vastly in crime in cities. However, numerous studies have proved that immigrants benefit the country both socially and economically. Although some policies have been successful, others have attracted criticism, as the flow of illegal immigrants has not ceased completely.

References

Immigrants Dispel Negative Stereotypes (2003, January 14). Public Agenda, Public Agenda Press Release. Retrieved on 4 June 2014 from  http://www.publicagenda.org/press-releases/immigrants-dispel-negative-stereotypes

Mink, G., & O’Connor, A. (2004). Poverty in the United States: An encyclopedia of history, politics, and policy. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO.

Newbold, K. B. (2010). Population geography: Tools and issues. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.