Criminal Justice Research Paper Sample on Juvenile Crime Statistics

Juvenile Crime Statistics

According to Puzzanchera (2008), the overall juvenile arrests reduced by 3 per cent compared the arrests made in 2007. For instance, the juvenile arrest levels for murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault declined compared to the rates in 2007. It is a good trend, in which professionals and citizens would like to see progress.  However, this only implies an overall reduction rate among all categories.  Most importantly, some categories encountered increases while others decreased. Therefore, it would more relevant and suitable for criminal justice experts to examine why certain crime categories continue on an upward trend.

For example, from 1999 to 2008, the crimes rates associated with serious violations reduced. However, robbery rates increased by 25 per cent and the rate of simple assault remained the same.  The variables could have a strong connection. It would be possible to claim that the increase in robbery rates affected the economic performance during the same period. Psychologists suggest that high stress situations could lead to violent situations while simple assaults statistics could reflect the actual and normal situations.  On other hand, the property crime rate decreased by 20 per cent with burglary, larceny theft and motor vehicle  theft decreasing by 14 per cent, 17 per cent and 50 per cent respectively (Puzzanchera, 2008).

In reference to the same statistics, the drug use among juvenile had declined by 7 per cent.  However, in the last three years, 2006, 2007, and 2008, the drug offenses among the juveniles were increasing. This is also similar to the robbery rates and levels.  The simple assaults do not seem to be changing over the years (Puzzanchera, 2008). Thus, it is important for the criminal justice experts to study the trend of each crime categories in order to impose the appropriate levels of crime prevention.

            In terms of the overall arrests, minority arrests covers close more than 50 per cent of all statistics in the arrest statistics. This indicates that the current strategies and practices are effective and efficient among the white youths, while the same practices have failed to work among the minority juveniles.  The department of justice should come up with a different approach, more sensitive and logical to the current cultural differences in order to help all juveniles.  Even though juvenile crimes seem to have declined, crimes orchestrated by female juveniles have increased.  Therefore, it is important to examine the impacts of cultural differences in juvenile violent crimes.

 An in depth review of the statistics indicates that female violent crime rates has increased compared to the declining violent crimes by the males. This trend reflects level of current adult population and the juvenile. Thus, the change in the rates of arrests among the females and males is similar across the population. The situation offers a simple understanding of the process of understanding the current trend of increasing female and decreasing male violent crimes. The assessment tools of tracking juvenile arrests are an excellent tool to improve the overall discipline among the juveniles (Anderson, 2014). The tool provides excellent opinions useful in obtaining an in depth understanding of the current situation in relation to juvenile justice. The tracking approach provides current trends to understanding the efforts needed in the subject of filed justice.  As a result, it is recommendable to implement the tracking tool towards curbing the increasing crime categories among the juveniles.

References

Anderson, D. M. (2014). In school and out of trouble? The minimum dropout age and juvenile crime. Review of Economics and Statistics, 96(2), 318-331.

Puzzanchera, C. (2008). OJJDP. Retrieved from http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/228479.pdf.