Goals of Sentencing
The United States has had tougher punitive laws that have been made over the past decades. This has seen over two million people fall culprits of harsh sentencing policies with many criminals and other offenders incarcerated in the prisons in the United States. There have also been policies that have been affected with the main aim of strengthening the judicial system. The criminal justice system of the United States also relies on some elements which constitute the correctional system which helps to uphold justice to both the parties involved as inscribed in the law. These elements consist of the probation period, prison, jail and parole, which, on the other hand, heavily depend on the criminal process. Sentencing as one of the stages in the criminal process involves making decisions concerning the involvement of crime until an arrest is made.
However, sentencing plays a key role in the justice system of the United States, with some of its objectives being to punish, reduce crime, reform and rehabilitate offenders while most importantly to protect the public from harm (Ashworth 78). Punishment brings about moral equilibrium since it deters others from performing criminal acts but at the same time inflicts pain on the offender given the severity of the punishment. Crime reduction on the other hand cultivates a conducive atmosphere by transforming a society but instills fear to future perpetrators of crime.
Apart from the above, rehabilitation and reformation also helps to restore a criminal to a better state that they were in, but at the same time could bring adverse effects if the program fails which results to continuation of earlier acts, while protecting the public from harm is beneficial as criminal acts are reduced, but at the same time an offender may practice the act in another neighborhood hence may not be effective.
Ashworth, Andrew. Sentencing and Criminal Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Web.