1. Explain four models of urban growth An urban growth model is a particular type of numeric model that involves economics, geographical aspects, sociology, and statistics to explore the mechanisms of urban evolution and feedback of the urban systems. (Li, X., & Gong, P. (2016). Urban growth models: progress and perspective. Science Bulletin, 61(21), 1637–1650.
Origin of Coal Coal is a fossil fuel that occurs naturally deep below the earth’s surface. The formation of coal occurs in two places; the swamp forests and marine deposition. During the late Carboniferous period, much of the earth’s tropical regions were covered in swamps. Most of these wetlands had forests of different types of
Demographic changes that occurred in Sao Paulo from its founding in 1554 have been the major drivers of economic growth in the city. In 1554, the only inland settlement in the region was built in Sao Paulo. This paved way for expeditions of conquerors, gold hunters and slave traders. In the 1800s, the growth of
Globalization Matthew Sparkle defines globalization as the various processes of economic, political, as well as social integration that have resulted in ties among countries and have changed the livelihoods of individuals around the world. Sparkle believes that globalization has extended, accelerated, and intensified global interconnections whereby what happens in one country affects another country far
Introduction The world is changing rapidly over the years as a result of not only the climate change, but also changes in ideologies and attitudes of people in the world. Nations across the world are making efforts towards sustainable development that is characterized by various geopolitical processes. In all these, people, places, events, and history,
Introduction to Environmental Geopolitics Critical geopolitics is all about the geographical assumptions and ideas that influence global politics in one way or the other. A relatively more recent discipline developed between the 1970s and 1980s, its primary goal is to explain how various political actors use spatial patterns to influence global politics and how humans’
Ethnicity Definition of Ethnicity From a personal perspective, ethnicity is a form of prejudice or favoritism based on affiliation to a racial or cultural tie that an individual has in relation to another. Responses  According to Kaplan, the term ‘ethnic’ gained popularity in the 1960s as a measure of describing people’s affiliation to groups (Kaplan,
The Role of Human Activity on Biodiversity Loss: The White Rhino as a Case in Point Introduction Environmental issues like climate change, pollution, and loss of biodiversity have prominently featured in today’s debates globally. The subject has sparked great interest in various groups including the World Economic Forum, which has listed environmental issues among the
China, whose capital city is Beijing, is a sovereign state in East Asia and the world’s most populous country. China emerged as the world’s earliest civilization in arts and sciences. However, the progress was significantly curtailed bythe nation’s civil unrest, military defeats, frequent famines, and foreign occupation during the 19th and 20thcenturies (The World FactBook
Higgins, Michael D., and Otto Van Breemen. “The Age of the Lac-Saint-Jean Anorthosite Complex and Associated Mafic Rocks, Grenville Province, Canada.” Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol. 29, no. 7, 1992, pp. 1412–1423. The source analyze the geological evidence of contemporaneity of anorthosite and associated rocks in Canada, a field the author claim to be poorly