Types of Computer Crimes
Characteristically, computer crime can be classified by the kind of activity which happens. Four elementary classes are exploited in relating to computer crime. These include theft, fraud, copyright violation, and attacks.
Theft in computer crime designates either illegal confiscation of physical items like hardware or illegal deletion copying of data or information from a computer system.
Fraud on the Internet operates on the gamut from credit card presents which are exploited only to take personal information, to stockholder placements which stimulate a stock or asset offer to inspire investment.
- Copyright violation
The Internet has presented an exclusive chance and environment for copyright violation. This kind of computer crime involves the use of software, which is not suitably attained or bought.
- Attacks on firms and individuals
Attacks on firms’ management information systems may be considered as being physical or logical. There are numerous circumstances where web sites, produces, and individuals being attacked by dangerous personalities or assemblies.
Information Systems and Technology Weaknesses
There are numerous categories of activities which may also impair information systems and associate technology. These deeds may lead to criminal charges relying on the situations and impact on information systems. Presently, these accomplishments fall inside the categories of viruses, worms, Trojan Horse, time bomb, logic bomb, and trapdoors.
A virus refers to a program with aim to harm or make a computer organization unusable. The virus technique of attack is to embed itself to particular files like data files.
Worms are another critical program fashioned to create variability information systems and associate technology. Worms vary from viruses because a worm is an unrestricted operating program.
- Trojan Horse
This software program obtains its nomenclature from the Greek mythos portraying war action between the Greeks and Trojans of Troy. Normally, a Trojan Horse does something damaging whereas the person at the computer keyboard imagines they are downloading or copying a simulation or some other proper file. The Trojan Horse frequently loads a software application to be used in a later Denial of Service attack and decrypts ones access codes, credit card numbers that are stored within their computer system
- Time bomb
This refers to software bouts that are intended to happen at a programmed time or date. The dissimilarity between a time bomb and a virus is that theoretically the time bomb does not extend.
- Logic bomb
Logic bombs refers to software invasions that activated by a programmed occurrence. The most corporate logic bombs happen when IT personnel are decommissioned from service.
Trapdoors refer to system appearances that evade safety system. These are concealed logins or executive user descriptions added by system designers for devious motives.
The biggest challenge in the cybercrime investigation is to apprehend the criminal investigation is to understand the criminal offence and secondary to substantiate it. Moreover, real time co-operation and accepting of legal issues offers another challenge to computer crime investigation.
In conclusion, computer crime risks management can be achieved in information systems settings. Security is a misapprehension as any computer system can be invaded and greatly attacked under the right situations. Consequently, the paramount hazard is to be complacent with such computer crimes in any setting.
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Toren, P. (2003). Intellectual property and computer crimes. New York: Law Journal Press.
Vecca, J. R. (2005). Computer forensics: computer crime scene investigation. Hingham, Mass: Charles River Media.