Here you will find Term paper samples, term paper writing tips and much more.
Term Paper: Reflections from TESOL Practicum
Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) practicum experience is an important part of training for all TESOL students. This experience offers an opportunity for all students to develop self-awareness on some of teaching practices in a natural environment. In this practicum, I took part in observing English class undertaking ELL class in a high school. I spent up-to 80 hours while working with students in this class in order to learn and apply some of the theories I had learnt earlier. There was time to incorporate a number of teaching and non-teaching activities that helped in my self-awareness in terms of the theories in place and appropriate classroom practices. This report contains some of the theories that I have developed during the practicum, showing ways of applying them in order to be effective as an ESL teacher. On the same note, I discuss some of the points that all ESL teacher students must know in order to be effective, as advised by the practicum experience. I also share some of the difficulties I faced while teaching ESL. Indeed, the practicum has changed me in many ways. This paper shows some of the changes I have experienced from the practicum. Lastly, this paper enumerates some of the lesson from this TESOL program, especially towards being an effective ELL teacher.
Theories of Learning and Teaching
Studies have exposed me to a number of theories various methods of approaching teaching English to speakers of other languages. However, I had never developed the ability to identify myself with a specific one. Numerous study materials present many ways of approaching training ELL students. After a careful reflection, through a process of self-awareness, I realize that the first theory that I identify with is the Natural Approach Theory, as advanced by Stephen Krashen. This theory puts more emphasis on developing interpersonal relationship between the instructor and the student (Nath, 2010). Such a relationship helps in creating an environment where both parties communicate in a manner that helps building confidence in the learning process. According to Xia (2014), the teacher is responsible for coming with appropriate comprehensible that student can grasp easily. During my practicum, I realized that I had to remodel my communication to the level where the students could easily comprehend. By doing this, it was easy to create ease of comprehension because of the input. It becomes difficult for the student when the teacher does not develop a language that is in line with ELL level.
Learning is made difficult in an environment with much anxiety and unease. Natural Approach theory encourages “low affective filter in order to enhance the learning process” (Xia, 2014). I am a person who likes making everyone around feel at ease in order to make communication easy. For this reason, I tend to create an atmosphere where every student is free make expression irrespective of his or her levels of English comprehension. Such an environment enhances chances of the students to grasp and comprehend the English language and the ability to communicate with each other.
Natural Approach theory is effective because it approaches learning from an understanding of the common experiences in an environment. In order to make this real, I employ other teaching methods like group work that help students express themselves as they make contributions towards an issue or topic. On the same note, other activities like role-plays, skits, and games make this theory very practical in teaching ELL students. The controlled environment creates an avenue where the students easily practice the use of language in a given setting, something that prepares them to use English in a natural setting. Therefore, Natural Approach theory is a way of teaching students of other languages in a setting that exposes them to much reading and practice, an interaction that can be used in other classes or in the natural life settings (Nath, 2010).
Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development is another theory that I can identify with, besides the theory of Natural Approach. This theory seeks to connect the student’s “actual cognitive capacity verses the level of potential development” (Xia, 2014) During my ELL teaching, I like making informal and formal assessment of my students in order to find out their cognitive capacity and their developmental potential level when it comes to learning and comprehending English language. I do this by making informal interaction with the students in the natural setting as well as planning some formal question-answer method that give me a sense of their Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD). Such awareness helps in developing learning materials that does not fall way below ZPD or way above it (Shehadeh, & Coombe, 2010). Such an approach makes me prefer the theory as one of the ways of developing teaching materials for the ESL teaching. In order to make the theory more fruitful, I ensured that students who were more advanced in English would seat with those with less comprehension in order to develop peer support during classes.
What an ESL Teacher Must Know
Speakers from other languages come from diverse backgrounds, requiring an in-depth understanding on the part of the instructor. An ESL teacher must first develop the ability to deal with multicultural backgrounds. In most cases, the teacher should have background information on the various cultures of the students in order to be sensitive on various aspects of the same. Such information is important in helping the ESL teacher know how to manage a class of multicultural students. For this reason, it would be a requirement for all ESL teachers to undertake multicultural education training to develop skills on management. Many teachers are likely to fail in their practice due to lack of class management skills, especially when it comes to multicultural settings. Major problems may arise from the fact that what is sensitive in one culture may never be so in another culture. Therefore, a class with students from various cultures may have tension that may cause barriers to the learning process, especially if the teacher does, ignores them.
The teacher must learn and understand the various learning theories, including principles related to the learning process, cognitive and child development. Such knowledge helps in developing management skills as well as effective teaching methods. All ESL teachers must realize that achieving success in practice will depend on the ability to convert the learnt theories and principles into real classroom practice. Therefore, knowledge is not enough but applying the same into daily practice. In addition, classroom management may entail helping the students develop certain characters that are essential to the general development and communication in the country. I realized that majority of ELL students have never had formal education, meaning that they lack basic concepts and order to coexisting in a class setup. The teacher is responsible of developing all necessary characters in the learner. Some of these characters may include respect to each other and class order.
Background information of individual students helps in developing learning materials that consider various factors in place. For instance, I realized that some of the students under the program had earlier lived as refugees in various camps. This came to my attention after identifying certain students who appeared reserved, never wanting to interact with the other colleagues. In an attempt to find out what the problem may have been, I came to realized that their behaviors were product of their earlier lifestyles. Some of these students had never attended formal, if so, very little. They had little courage to participate like the rest because of the difference when it comes to the learning concepts. The teacher has the responsibility of identifying such cases and working out a way of helping out.
Supervision of the learning process by the teacher is essential. Otherwise, there may be certain little problems when it comes to grouping of students to perform tasks. Group work should be able to enhance multicultural existence. Pairing a girl and a boy from the Muslim background may lead to certain challenges on gender discrimination. For instance, a Muslim boy may hold the notion that a Muslim woman is not capable of performing certain tasks or experiments. Therefore, the ESL teacher is responsible for explaining to all students that women are capable of doing experiments that men can do. There should be equal opportunity to all students when it comes to the learning activities.
Difficulties in Teaching ESL
Working with the older ELL students provides a challenge to the teachers. During my TESOL practicum, I realized the difficulty balancing the need to teach the older students the basic concepts language that should help them effective in English-speaking society and graduation requirements. In the normal setting, most of these older students are forced to undertake high level content rather than taking time to learn the basics. According to the state laws on education, a student can only graduate with high school diploma after achieving 24 credits. For this reason, all foreigners who come to the US when older have to accelerate their learning process in order to achieve the necessary credits before they turn 21 years old. It becomes more tasking if the students never enrolled for high school education in their native countries. Credit transfers are possible for those who studied in their countries. It is important to note that mastery of English is important in order to understand and comprehend other subjects. Therefore, it becomes strenuous for the teacher to balance between have comprehensive learning and the enhancing learning in order to graduate, without taking time to learn basic English-speaking skills.
The number of non-English speaking immigrants to the United States continues to increase each year. Consequently, the number of students joining ELL program in the institution continues to grow. During the observation, 120 students had enrolled for the English class, all working towards graduating. On the other hand, only three ELL teachers and two paraprofessionals had been employed to teach these students. It was obvious that these teachers were overwhelmed by the workload. However, it was good to note the close working relationship among the teachers in order to achieve their work schedule goals. Due to the high number of students and scheduling challenges, many of the students at the beginning level of learning English are forced into mainstream classes that lack ELL focus. Mainstream English classes lack the focus that is required for the ELL students.
It is important to appreciate the hard work by the TESOL in the institution; however, they are overwhelmed by the workload. Therefore, budgetary constraints make it difficult for the employment of more teachers. Many ELL students fail to graduate of fewer teachers employed to offer personal and focused attention on the learning process. In order to provide a remedy, maybe the ELL teachers and paraprofessionals should work towards developing tutoring classes for those students who require more focused attention. Such a program should be on a voluntary basis in order to improve success rates for the willing students.
Developing as a Teacher
One can never be a master teacher the first time he or she teaches; teaching skills are developed with time. This statement became a reality when I enrolled for the TESOL practicum. Other the training in class to be an ELL teacher, I had not entered into a natural class setting in order to teach and observe a class. The first time I entered into a class, I found myself struggling with some of the tenses. My inability to pass the required to the students was evident. I am happy because of the ELL teachers I interacted with during the practicum. Their mastery of their subject was obvious, having developed the ability to connect with their students and pass the correct information. It was admirable to see the students create various communication components after the introduction by the teachers.
In my second class, I realized that I developed some order and flow when it came to passing of information to my students. I never mixed the tenses and the students had a better understanding of my topic matter. On the same note, I realized that holding on to one theory might not work in all cases. Certain students respond well to some theories and principles than others. Therefore, the practicum gave me the opportunity to experiment with various theories and principles in order to become more effective in class. I had the opportunity to change specific methods that never worked in order to model teaching methods that suited the occasions. I also realized that the ELL teachers at the institution never used the same methods all the times they went to classes. In one of the chats with one of them, I came to realize that a teacher develops the ability to read the students and adopt the method that works at the instant.
According to Molina, Cañado, & Agulló (n.d), all teaching methods have something to offer in the learning process. A motivated teacher has the ability to use various methods in order to pass information. On the same note, motivated students will work hard in order to learn new concepts. A good teacher should develop skills that help in motivating students to learn new concepts. I also realize that students respond well to those teachers who are patient and empathetic with them. Therefore, teaching skills can evolve with time, depending on the experience. I struggled as I started the ELL practicum; however, I opened myself to other teaching techniques and principles that have helped me improve my skills. I hope to continue learning and applying various theories to be more effective.
Knowledge Gained from TESOL Program
This TESOL practicum is one of the best things in this course. I find out that all the TESOL courses are essential when it comes to the actual practice. Some of these courses are intercultural communication, methods of teaching foreign languages, Applied Linguistics for ESOL Teachers and English as a Second Language in Content Areas.
Intercultural Communication: I realized that communication is an important component of teaching ELLs. The importance of the course comes from the fact that TESOL entails dealing with students from different backgrounds, something that requires care (Shehadeh, & Coombe, 2010). This course helped me understand how to understand different approaches and perspectives when it comes to communication by different cultural groups.
Methods of teaching foreign languages: this course had various theories that helped in developing content for teaching. It entailed a section that required of us to develop a teaching material in a foreign language in order to present to the class. Therefore, during the practicum, I was able to think of some of the techniques that could be applied in each context. Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling (TPRS) was a method we had been taught in this course that I used during my practicum in order to teach English and help the students develop their mastery of the language.
English as a Second Language in Content Areas: I love teaching languages; therefore, this course helped me understand the power of language in the learning process. Teaching native English speakers content subjects can never be the same as teaching non-English students (Molina, Cañado, & Agulló, n.d). Therefore, English as a second language in content areas has helped me understand how to be effective in teaching other content areas to the students who learn English as their second language. During the practicum, I have been able to understand that I have the responsibility of training other content area teacher become effective while teaching their subjects to the students who learn English as second language. Content teachers have to understand the basic language to use in passing information while training or teaching. This course has been essential in training on how to develop teaching methods for the content teachers. One of the methods includes Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol Model.
Applied Linguistics for ESOL Teachers: this course is based on the development of semantics, syntax, and pronunciation of English language. After my training, I got the chance to put into practice, during the practicum, how to develop English pronunciation by use of phonetics. Mr. Audrey gave a chance in one of his sessions in order to teach a class on the same. I had to rely on the course content in order to successful, and I am happy I did my best. While at the practicum, I found out some of the errors that occur when it comes to the teaching students who learn English as second language. I was able to think of various ways of avoiding pronunciation errors while communicating.
TESOL program has exposed me to the real teaching environment, something that has built my knowledge and experience. I believe that growth is a process that I will cherish, especially in my line of career. I realize that different learners prefer different methods; therefore, I will have to continue studying in order to equip myself with necessary skills in order to be effective while teaching ELLs.
Molina, G., Cañado, M. L., & Agulló, G. L. (n.d). Current approaches and teaching methods.
Bilingual programmes. Faculty of Humanities and Education, University of Jaén.
Nath, B. (2010). Major Language Theorists influencing Learning of Mathematics. Department of
Education University of Calicut.
Shehadeh, A. & Coombe, C. (2010). Introduction: From Theory to Practice in Task-Based
Learning, Journal of Applied Linguistics.
Xia, Y. (2014). Language Theories and Language Teaching—from Traditional Grammar to
Functionalism. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 5 (3), pp. 559-565.
Term Paper Format
A term paper is a common assignment for undergraduate students. It can be defined as an academic paper written over an academic term and accounts for a significant portion of the final grade – usask.ca. An original work gives well-researched details usually due toward the end of the semester. Because of the weight, it carries, it is important to master a standard term paper format for all your assignments.
While it is true that there are different ways to format your term paper, this article is designed to equip you with foundation knowledge that will help you handle any assignment that comes your way.
A good term paper can be written into three steps. They include the following:
- Preparing-Here you analyze the requirements of the paper, brainstorm and come up with a preliminary outline.
- Research- At this stage you consult different sources to get information on the topic.
- Write, edit, proofread- It is the actual writing stage where you organize your work to make sense. Editing and proofreading makes your paper flawless, i.e. free from common mistakes.
Important things to remember when drafting your term paper format
As you work on your term paper format, remember that you have an obligation to give readers something extraordinary, which they cannot find on their own from the source material. Some of these services to your audience will include:
Research and investigate– Get hard-to-find information from various sources and compile it into a clear presentation.
Synthesize your findings. Use diverse angles to depict patterns and relations.
Organize your work. Have a logical flow of materials with easy to understand structure
Do thorough analysis-Do not just lamp information on paper. Cross-examine your arguments for evidence and validity.
Clarify– Ensure that the arguments are clearer to the reader by giving conclusive explanations
Have a broader examination context– Put the subject matter into a broader context and draw comparisons to other fields.
Filter your information-Focus on the main issues of the paper by weeding out fluff.
Stick to your claim. Show how the evidence supports your point of view.
With these tips on how to handle your writing assignment, take a look at the following term paper format.
Sample #1 Term Paper Format
- Statement of the Problem
- Definition of Terms
- Theoretical Framework
-Type of Research
- Review of Related Literature
- Scope and Limitations
- Significance of the Study
- Background of the Study
- Presentation and Analysis of Data
- Analytical Summary
- Thesis Reworded
This sample format of a term paper was adapted from explorable.com
What to consider when choosing term paper format
Your final term paper largely depends on the road map you stick to during the writing process. As you delve into research, know the content of your paper and the scope to remain relevant. A good paper depends on your topic. In the following section, we focus on selecting a topic for your paper.
How to choose a good topic for a term paper
Besides having an excellent term paper format, you need a good topic to achieve your goal and satisfy the reader. In case your tutor provides a topic for you then you will have no say in deciding your topic. Otherwise, consider the following before you settle on a topic:
Be creative– Pick a captivating topic. A boring topic is likely to put off the readers. No one has time go over a paper that is dull.
Go for your interest. Choose something that holds your interest and passion. It is easier to write about a field you are interested in than something you do not relate to. Try to select a topic that will help you answer pressing questions, which you already have.
Narrow your topic– term papers are time-bound. Choose a specific issue, which you can conclusively research about within the time you have.
What to do when researching materials for your term paper
As you work on your paper, remember that research comes before the actual writing process. It would be ridiculous to start writing before consulting your sources. Research is important in back grounding your paper. Get the current thinking about the topic and possible future trends.
When researching on a topic that is familiar to you, avoid going back to what you know. This will undermine the purpose of the research, as you will not learn anything new at the end of the assignment.
Have an open mind as you start your research to discover the things you do not know about your topic of discussion. Having a sense of adventure will help you discover ways of addressing old problems.
As you research, use primary and secondary sources. Stick to authentic and credible sources of information to convince the reader with your findings. Going through several reviews will help you land on extra references. Consider periodical literature and scientific journals as they contain facts.
Primary sources include:
- Legal cases,
- Original texts,
- Experiments etc
On the other hand, secondary sources are an interpretation of the primary information.
The following term paper format will help you digest the sections we have covered before we look at the actual writing process.
Tile of your paper ______________________________
State the purpose your paper________________________
Orient your readers by acquainting them with thesis statement _____________________
Divide it into headings and sub-headings
Heading 1: History of the Problem ___________________________
Include previous attempts to offer solutions
Heading 2: Scope t of the Problem
Who is affected? _________________________
What impact has it had? ________________________
Heading 3: Effects of the Problem __________________
Heading 4: Probable Future Solutions_________________
Wrap up the points
Additional components of a great term paper format
As you figure out your term paper format, you are likely to find difficulties in formulating and refining your thesis statement. However, this should not be the case after going through this section.
Refining your thesis statement
A thesis statement is a declaration or claim of your paper, which guides your writing process. It is what you stand for as you develop your term paper.
Take time and reflect on your topic after gathering all the research materials you need to accomplish the objectives of the assignment. At this point, identify a single strong idea, which you will be discussing and defending throughout the paper. The idea should make it clear to the readers what they are about to learn.
Since your thesis acts like the spine of your essay, give it your best shot. Half-baked thesis leads to a flawed paper. Once you have an interesting statement, start drafting your term paper.
Developing an outline for your term paper
An outline shows the direction you are taking in your research. An outline is dynamic and is subject to change as you write the paper and get new ideas about the topic. You will need an outline very much especially when you feel like you are missing the direction. Since it is a skeleton of your paper, a well-done outline should make your work easier as your fill the details.
An outline has the following elements:
- Introduction, discussion paragraphs and summary
- Explanatory paragraphs to give background information
- Analysis and argument paragraphs
- Pending points that need clarification
Putting together an appealing intro for your term paper
As an important element to recall when developing your term paper format, the introduction is the face of your paper.
State your main point in the first paragraph. However, you are likely to rewrite this section as you progress with your paper, experiencing different direction and outcome. Putting up a coherent intro can be a hurdle in writing but not when you apply the following nuggets of wisdom:
- Start your intro with a hook. Grab the attention of your readers with a question or quote. You may also use an interesting anecdote that relates to the subject matter and makes sense in the body of your paper.
- Introduce your topic in a clear and succinct manner
- State your thesis (we have already clarified this in an earlier section)
Have a strong body
- Use your body to support your argument
- Every paragraph should begin with a topic sentence and proceed to explain the value it adds in supporting your argument.
- After developing the body, do your conclusion using the ROCC method (Restate thesis, one vital detail, conclude, clincher).
Here are great sample term papers to consider:
- Canadian Industrial Relations
- Comparison of Leadership Styles
- BP Oil Spill: Major Public Relations Issue
Do you need help?
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Sample Term Paper
A sample term paper is an important reference material for writing term papers. Good samples can enable you to easily master how to write term papers on your own if used appropriately. Keep reading in order to find the best tips and examples for help on how effectively use a sample term paper for better results.
What is a sample term paper?
A sample term paper is a typical example of an academic paper usually written at the end of a semester or term.
A term paper can be written in the form of essays, research papers, reports, dissertations among others. This implies a good sample can enable you to easily know how to handle different kinds of assignments at school. In fact, good term paper samples can be used across all academic levels including high school, college and university.
Considering the importance of term papers, you should know how to deliver unique and good quality ones that can guarantee the best results by using samples. A good sample term paper will show you all the elements of an academic paper for easy reference in writing the intro, body and conclusion of your paper.
Tips on how to use a sample term paper
In using a sample to write a real term paper, it is advisable that you choose one that covers the same subject that you intend to discuss. Term papers account for the greatest percentage of your final grades, therefore, you should creatively apply the ideas presented in the sample term paper in order to create a piece that is unique for the best scores.
The guidelines outlined below will assist you in mastering the art of how to craft top notch term papers, using samples.
Read and understand the question of your paper
Once you are given a term paper to write, first take time to carefully read and digest what is asked. Without understanding the question well, there are higher chances that you will write a poor paper which will ultimately affect your grades.
In case there is anything in the question paper that you do not understand, always ask before you proceed. Remember that the sample will only provide guidance and not content for the paper, so you must know well in advance what you want to address.
Knowing the content of your paper will help you in choosing the best sample to use. In fact, it will even save you time since you will have a precise idea on the sample to look for.
Study how the sample paper is presented
There are various techniques that can be applied to bring out the unique touch in term papers. Take time to carefully study how the author has introduced the subject, covered it in the body paragraphs and crafted the conclusion.
Besides, you should also be keen to see how the discussion has been presented in the paragraphs to bring out the intended idea.
Do your research
Although the sample paper may have adequate information for writing your own, it is still recommended that you do some research on the subject. Sometimes, the information contained in the sample may be incorrect and it is only through further research that you can find the right points. In order to save time, always focus your research on the specific subject that will be covered in the paper.
For proper research, you should use both primary and secondary sources, including the sample papers.
First, look for the key points to support your argument or discussion in the paper. These are the points that will form the topic sentences for your paragraphs. Besides, you will also need to dig further into the research in order to attain quotes, examples and other pieces of information to support your main points.
As you do the research, always take notes so that you do not forget the points and important information to be used in writing your paper.
It is not bad to use information from the sample in writing your term paper, provided that each piece is correctly referenced.
Refine your thesis
A thesis is the chief argument or claim that you will be supporting or discussing in the paper. It can also be defined as the particular angle that your discussion will take. From the sample, you will see the thesis statement at the end of introduction.
Use the points that you have gathered from the research in developing a claim for your paper just as outlined in the sample. A good thesis should be precise, answer the question of the paper and also show how you plan to present your ideas.
Writing the term paper
With the above tips and sample term paper that you have chosen to use, you can now go ahead and write your paper. However, you should first create an outline. This is a rough draft indicating the specific points that you intend to present in the introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion of the paper.
Your outline should clearly show how you intend to introduce the paper, present the thesis, develop convincing body paragraphs and conclusion. While creating the outline, ensure that you check the indicated word count in order to refine your ideas to meet the specifications.
Make your point in the introduction
Considering the time limitation, only give necessary information in the paper. Open the paper with general but interesting information about the topic or subject. Try out the approach given below for writing the introduction.
Begin writing with a hook like a quote, question or anecdote that relates back to the thesis and topic of the paper. Give clear and straightforward general information about the topic. Narrow down the introduction to outline the thesis.
Write compelling body paragraphs
After introducing the subject of discussion and telling readers about the perspective that your argument will take, it is now time to give evidence for your claim. At this stage, you should explain in detail, the topic sentences and examples to support each.
From the sample you will be able to see that every paragraph is dedicated to a different point, each with supporting information. Your paragraphs should also be formatted in the same way.
Avoid using vague statements or too many words, instead, simply focus on the requirements of the paper and write short sentences that are easy to read.
Finish with a strong conclusion
The best way to concluding a term paper is restating the thesis statement, giving an important detail from the paper and tying up the loose ends of the discussion. Your paper should finally answer the questions that readers have been asking throughout the paper and leave them with something to think about or look forward to.
Remember to properly cite all your references in the paper according to the indicated style. Just like in the sample, all pieces of information that you have borrowed from other sources should be well referenced in your paper.
Examples of Sample Term Papers
In order for you to effectively understand how to write a term paper using samples, it is advisable that you also look at some examples. The following samples will give you more insights about a sample term paper and links to refer to in order to find the best.
Term paper on Foreign Direct Investment
‘’The concern of most policy makers is the way foreign direct investments should be attracted by their countries. On the other hand, the concern of sender countries is about the policies, political stability and facilities of host countries. Basically, foreign direct investment refers to the investment in businesses and production of a country by a company or individual investor from another country…… see more here.
Sample essay on Economic Effects of the New Deal
‘’The Great Depression was a challenging time for the American society and world in general. It is a phrase that described the social, political and economic situation in the United States after the 1929 financial mishap. Fortunately, the then US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt came up with a new program that helped in the creation of great policies that assisted the country and economy to recovery by the end of 1930s. What facilitated the depression has been a significant subject of debate since time immemorial among economists and historians, and this has led many to try to figure out the core economic impacts of the New Deal….. see more here.
Term paper on IT Communication
‘’The ISP serves as the internet remote server. Internet users are controlled to a specific ISP server by the VPN via the internet subscription service through the use of a program. To reach a certain VPN, ISP, this connection has to go through an internet service that is subscribed to. For confidentiality in the transfer of L2 traffic, an encryption protocol for tunneling is used by the VPN….. See more here.
In case you may need a professionally crafted sample term paper, simply get in touch with us. Alternatively, you can also check out our homepage for more on how to acquire our online custom writing services.
If you want to know how to write great introductions, you must use introduction examples as your writing guides. Introduction samples are examples of the first paragraphs of different types of writing written by experienced writers. When readers start reading your essay, paper, report or review, they want to comprehend new text that might be complex to them. Their aim is to get a glimpse of what your paper, essay, report, review or any other writing is about. The introduction is the first paragraph of your writing and it should provide the context or background of your writing while highlighting the purpose or goal of your writing. A detailed and explicit introduction will show readers the complexity and richness of the work that they are about to read while setting expectations for them- writing.wisc.edu.
The introduction also serves the purpose of intriguing and grabbing the attention and interest of the readers so that they can read on. Apart from providing a brief overview of the work, it also states a thesis statement which is a sentence or two that summarize the entire work.
There are different types of introductions depending on the angle that is taken in writing it, the mood and purpose of the work.
Here are introduction examples for various types of essays, papers and reviews:
- Funnel introduction
This is an introduction that starts by revealing the background information that leads to a thesis statement. Background information establishes the context for the reader while grabbing their attention. The provided information should be compelling to the readers so that they can want to read on.
“Identity theft has been around throughout the history of mankind. Unscrupulous people have always pretended to be other people often with an aim of gaining financially, socially or politically. Using the right demeanor and appearance, the unscrupulous individuals have presented themselves like bishops and kings. Today, identity theft is more than a prevalent problem. With access to social security names, numbers as well as other types of personal information, thieves can now steal identities with ease to leave their victims struggling to repair their damaged reputation. Identity theft in the current information age is a problem that has claimed the lives of many innocent people. Therefore, better regulations must be implemented by the government to ensure that this crime comes to an end.”
Note that the introduction starts by providing background information about identity theft and then links it with the current problem of identity theft in the information age. It also ends by giving a hint of what the paper or essay will be about which is to argue for the implementation of better regulations by the government in order to end identity theft as a crime. This ensures that readers are not only interested in reading on but that they also get an overview of what the paper or essay will be about.
- Quotation introduction
Quotation introduction examples start with a quote that leads readers to a thesis statement. The quote can be a statement by a famous person, a saying or a proverb.
““Do not trust a man that is not liked by your dog.” This proverb implies that dogs are good at telling the character of an individual better than humans. This has been proven in many ways. When assessing the character of a person, dogs have a great talent. However, one may ask, how do dogs do this? This essay will show this with explanations from various pet behaviorists.”
This introduction starts with a quote that intrigues the readers to want to read more. At the end, the introduction states the thesis statement or what the essay will be about. Thus, after reading this introduction, readers can clearly tell what the essay will be about.
- Thought-provoking question
An introduction that starts with a thought-provoking question stimulates the interest of the readers. You can choose a rhetorical question so that readers can consider alternative viewpoints. You can also choose a direct question so that you can lead readers to your thesis statement directly. This kind of introduction is ideal for essays that compare and contrast ideas, viewpoints or things. It can also be used for essays or papers that discuss advantages and disadvantages of something or controversial topics- ehow.com.
“Considering the freedoms that the enslaved individuals were denied, you cannot help but ask why would the focus of Fredrick Douglas be on literacy and education? Douglas says that slavery and education were incompatible. He says that everything was done to cripple the individual intellects of slaves while darkening their minds. Douglass clearly states that some slave owners even destroyed their mental capacities. However, his life is a proof that all these efforts were unsuccessful. This paper will demonstrate the reasons why Fredrick Douglas focuses on literacy and education in his narrative despite the many freedoms that the enslaved individuals were denied.”
- Anecdote introduction
There are introduction examples that start with an anecdote or a short story or narrative. An introduction that begins with a short story or narrative invites and entices readers to continue reading.
“Finally, James Martin was ready to buy a home. He had spent years working hard and saving money in his savings account. He had paid bills and credit card debts diligently. Martin visited his bank with confidence about his credit rating to find out what mortgage plan he could qualify for. However, he was startled by the information that he got from the bank. Due to his defaulted home loan and a debt of $40,000 in his credit card, his car had to be repossessed for failing to make payments on time. Martin was an identity theft victim just like several other Americans. Rather than getting ready to relocate to a new home, Martin had to start another long journey of restoring his damaged name and reclaiming his identity. This is one case of many identity theft instances which show the seriousness of the crime and the need for the government to implement regulations that will put it to an end.”
- Survey introduction
In this kind of an introduction, the writer starts by providing an overview of the information of the paper or essay to arouse the interest of the reader. This kind of an introduction allows readers a chance to disagree or to agree with the presented opinion while enticing them to continue reading.
“Individual styles of learning form an education field that is becoming increasingly popular as a research area. Generally, it is acknowledged that students learn differently. This is because students have different weaknesses, strengths and interests. To give students effective instructions, teachers should know various ways through which students learn so that they can plan their lessons accordingly. This essay will explain how teachers can identify the learning styles of their students.”
Notes that the introduction provides an overview of the work while presenting facts whose basis is previous studies. This captures the attention of the readers while compelling them to read on-web2.uvcs.uvic.ca.
- Surprising or interesting fact
You can also write an introduction that includes surprising or interesting facts that captures the attention of the readers while drawing their interest to read on.
Currently, cyber crime is one of the fastest growing types of crime in the U.S. In 2014 alone, more than nine million Americans were victims of cyber crime in one way or another. It is also estimated that cyber crime costs the American economy more than 50 billion dollars every year. Since some cases of cyber crime go unreported, the numbers might be higher. This paper will show how serious cyber crime is and why the government ought to implement regulations that will help in ending this crime.”
Anybody who is not privy to such information will find the facts surprising and this will raise their curiosity and interest to read on.
- Definition introduction
This is an introduction that starts with the definition of unknown or difficult term that will be used in the paper or essay. Such an introduction can capture the attention of the reader especially if it is for a term that is new to them.
We are made unique by our identity. Identity is the distinguishing personality or character of a person. Once your identity is stolen, your distinguishing personality or character is stolen. This includes your address, name, employment history, social security number and credit history among others. Therefore, it is no wonder that people who have suffered identity theft endure a deep feeling of violation while struggling to reclaim their good identity. As such, the government must implement regulations that will end identity theft because as a serious crime, it has ruined the reputation of millions of innocent people.”
Note that the introduction starts by defining identity after which it provides details of that definition. This gives readers a clear comprehension of what identity is before stating a thesis statement. Such introduction examples are common in expository essays and papers.
If you face difficulties while writing an introduction for your paper, essay or report, talk to us for assistance. You can also visit our homepage for more information regarding our writing services. Alternatively, keep reading for more academic writing guidelines and introduction examples on this blog.
How to Write a Term Paper Introduction
Many students often think that knowing how to write a term paper introduction is one of the most challenging tasks in school. However, this is not true considering that introductions are quite short, simple and does not require much. In fact, you have no reason to worry about a thing because herein, we will show you using the best guidelines and examples, how to write a term paper introduction with ease.
A term paper introduction is the opening through which readers can have a quick grasp of what the entire paper contains. However, it is always short in length, about a half a page in most occasions. Although, there are certain assignments or subjects that may be too detailed and require an introduction that is a bit lengthy.
Knowing how to write a term paper introduction is critical in enhancing your academic performance. This is because, you will need the skills in order to write assignments for various subjects. Besides, knowing how to write an introduction for a term paper can also be another way of improving your communication skills. All these imply that it is very important for you to know how to create a compelling introduction for different kinds of academic papers.
Tips on how to write a term paper introduction
In order for you to easily master the art of how to write a term paper introduction, there are certain aspects that you have to consider in your work.
Here are some of the guidelines to help you in writing an outstanding introduction for a term paper.
Get to understand the purpose of an introduction
An introduction plays an important role in a paper and it is important that you understand its importance before beginning to write. One of the purposes of an introduction is to give the readers a theoretical context to the paper.
A well written introduction should set the tone of the paper, grab the attention of readers and communicate the thesis statement. These are key in enabling your readers to easily get the reasoning behind your article.
Consider the length
Just as hinted above, a term paper introduction does not have to be too long but just a paragraph or two based on the subject being discussed. Although there is always no strict word limit, it should be very concise. However, there are components that must be included in an introduction like topic or subject of the paper, research problem and thesis statement or hypothesis.
The introduction should simply give an overall view of the subject of discussion without trying to explain everything.
Define the problem
The final statements expressed in the introduction should vividly outline the research question and hypothesis. The problem is the basis of the paper or the issue that you intend to discuss in the assignment. By highlighting the problem, the reader will easily find out what you are exactly trying to achieve with the paper.
Clearly stating the research problem in the introduction will also ensure easy reference to it when writing the body paragraphs and conclusion of the paper.
Organize your work properly
Many often prefer to write the introduction of term papers last because in the process of writing, it may turn out that the entire discussion is taking another twist that was unexpected. If this happens to you, it is normal and you can always write the intro last. However, it has to be relevant to and in the same tone as the rest of the paper. On the other hand, you can also write the introduction according to the paper’s outline.
How to write a term paper introduction- The Procedure
In the same way that knowing how to write a term paper introduction is a process that requires some time, there are also stages that you have to go through in writing one. Below are the basic steps on how to write a good introduction for a term paper.
Create a scene
One of the tasks of an introduction is to set the background for the discussion or paper and put it into a context so that it can be compared to other studies or articles in the particular field.
In creating a scene, you can start by giving a historical narrative like an anecdote that is related to the subject or topic. However, you have to be keen not to deviate from the subject.
Other ways of creating a compelling background for the paper include the use of quotes, recent debates, and news stories among others. Besides, comparison and contrast can also work quite well.
Stress on the importance of the paper
In the opening paragraph, you should also clearly outline the reason why the paper is important. By including some of the outstanding information about the topic in the introduction, you will be able to attract readers.
For instance, if you are writing an introduction for a scientific paper, the discussion should start by outlining the significance of your study, the rationale behind the method of experiment used and how they met your objectives.
In order to give your paper a unique touch, it is advisable that you consider some of the aspects of the subject that have been overlooked or developing a previous study.
In highlighting the importance of the paper, you should also clearly state your goals and the methodology to use in attaining them.
Point out any limitations and assumptions
In case there are any weaknesses or challenges regarding the topic, it is also important that you state them instead of waiting until the readers get to the body. In the same vein, you should also outline any assumptions.
State the thesis statement
The thesis statement is the argument that you will be looking forward to proving in the paper. Therefore, it has to also be vividly stated in the opening paragraph so that readers are well informed on what to expect.
The thesis statement should be carefully crafted at the end of the first paragraph of the introduction. It is advisable that you exercise the use connectors in order to give a smooth transition from the introduction to the rest of the paper.
Show how you intend to discuss the subject
In writing the introduction of a term paper, you should also tell the readers the aspects that you will look at therein and possibly, the sequence in which they will be discussed. This will not only enhance the clarity of the introduction but the entire paper.
Examples of Term Paper Introduction
Reading samples of previously written term papers is also another way through which you can easily know how to write a term paper introduction. This is because the samples are typical term papers that are crafted by experts and can clearly show you how to go about writing an introduction even without the need for assistance.
Essay sample on Big Rock Brewery
‘’Big Rock Brewery is an alcoholic beverage manufacturing company located in Alberta, Canada. The corporation was founded in 1985 by Ed McNally, who played a critical role in uplifting the lives of barley farmers, after the discovery that barley was a mainly used as livestock feed in Alberta (McClearn 13). Since then, the company has been able to develop to a point of producing about 45 million liters of beer annually. The brewery currently has three branches with the main one having the capability of producing 200 hectolitres, under the leadership of the new CEO Bob Sartor (McClearn). This research will therefore, address the goals, strategies, SWOT Analysis and the criteria that has been used by the company in order to stay ahead over the years…’’
Read the rest of this sample term paper on this link.
Sample Term paper on Women Disadvantaged in Leadership
‘’Women have been widely hailed for excellent leadership skills in the modern world. At times, the women manifest better leadership styles than the men. In fact, they have been noted to deliver efficient performance. However, many people today prefer male bosses to females. As a result of this, women have found it quite difficult to acquire leadership roles. It usually occurs in cases of succession in male dominated areas…’’
Find the rest of this term paper excerpt here.
Sample Essay on theory of Planned Behavior
‘’Theory of Planned behavior connects behaviors and beliefs. This concepts was proposed by Icek Ajzen with the aim of improving the reasoned action theory predictive power. He performed this through the inclusion of the perceived behavioral control. This theory is among the key concepts of predictive persuasion. Theory of planned behavior has been applied in the study of relations between attitudes, beliefs, behaviors and behavioral intentions in various areas like advertising, public relations, healthcare among others..’’
Simply click on this link to read the rest of this sample paper.
It’s our hope that the above guidelines will help you know how to write a term paper introduction without difficulties. However, if you find that writing the term paper is proving to be a challenge kindly get in touch with us for assistance. Alternatively, you can also check out our homepage to know more about the academic writing services that we offer.
How to Write a Term Paper Outline
Knowing how to write a term paper outline is important in the delivery of an outstanding research paper. An outline is the backbone of the paper and a good one will always enable you to craft top notch work. In the following section, we will offer you some of the best tips on how to write proper outlines for different academic papers. Besides, you will also find samples of term paper outlines for motivation in writing.
An outline of a term paper gives you the platform to organize your thoughts, and portray an overall structure of the paper. This will ensure that the flow of ideas in your paper progresses well without confusing the reader. Besides, it will also help you in remembering the points to include in the paper, according to the right order.
The term paper outline should give a step-by-step procedure on how you plan to build your case in the essay or research paper. In this way, you will always find it quite easier knowing how to write assignments within a short period of time. All these merits confirm that it is indeed, very important for you to know how to write a term paper outline.
Guidelines on how to write a term paper outline
Since term papers are part of academic assignments, there is always a basic format on how to write a term paper outline. Although there may be slight differences based on the kind of term paper that you are asked to write, below are the main tips for writing good term paper outlines.
Think about the ideas that you want to share
Outlines determine the presentation of your paper and should be well thought of. Do not hurry to draft a poor outline since that will impact a bad research paper or essay.
The best way of ensuring that you have the right thoughts on the subject of the paper is research. However, you have to be keen not to deviate from the purpose of your outline.
Analyze your thoughts
Based on what you already know and the ideas that you have obtained from the research, it is important to identify the striking ones.
Writing a good term paper outline requires you to highlight your ideas in point form. Therefore, you should be able to collect the ideas, refine them and come up with outstanding ones that can vividly express your argument in the paper.
Steps on how to write a term paper outline
A term paper outline gives a review of the actual points that will be expressed in the research paper, thus, it should also consider the three basic sections; introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion. However, all these should be simply listed down in summary since further elaboration will be given in the actual paper. The following are procedures on how to write a term paper outline.
Highlight a general introduction to the paper
In the first part of your outline, give remarks on the topic or subject of the paper. Besides, you should also point out the purpose of the paper.
It is also important that you list the resources that you have obtained information to support the argument from on this section.
The introduction should also show the thesis statement and intended reaction to the paper.
Separate different points into paragraphs or sections
When you get to the body of the paper, you will be required to give a detailed explanation of every idea in its own paragraph. Thus, it is advisable to also try to organize your ideas into sub-topics.
Under every point, you can list examples or quotes showing proof of your assertion in the paper. In this way, you will be able to easily remember every point while writing the essay. Besides, it is will also help you to organize the ideas in a way that can be easily understood.
Choose an appropriate order
There is never a sure guideline that can always work for you 100% since the subjects of term papers keep changing. However, it is critical that you organize your ideas and evidence to support each in a given order.
The main goal is clarity so you can choose a sequence that will enable you to present a smooth flow of points in the research paper. Having a vivid visualization of the paper will help you to note down the points in the right way that will make the argument to be compelling.
The order that you have chosen to pursue for writing the outline should clearly present how the ideas will be tackled through to conclusion. This means that you have to also be keen to separate the points to be used in the body and conclusion since they are two different sections of the paper.
It is important that you paraphrase, summarize or give quotes of points and evidence to be discussed in the body of the paper for easy reference during writing.
The conclusion of the paper is also another important section that you should always consider when writing an outline. Highlight the thesis statement in different words under this section.
State a brief summary of the listed points. In the event of an argumentative paper, you can give a statement showing the impacts of not embracing a given position.
At the end of the outline, write a statement that ties up the ideas outlined in the paper together into one compelling piece.
With the above, you will have gathered enough material for writing the term paper. However, it is important that you remember to go through the outline once again before starting to write just to make sure that it suits your expectations.
In order to effectively master the art of how to write a term paper outline, it is crucial that you make it a habit of crafting one for every paper.
Examples of Term Paper Outlines
The following excerpts can also assist you in knowing how to write a term paper outline with ease.
Sample Outline for a Reflection Paper
Identify and explain the subject of the paper
State your reaction to the paper
- Do you agree or disagree?
- Did you change your mind?
- Did the topic meet your expectation?
- What lesson did you get?
Body paragraph 1
- 3rd supporting evidence
- 2nd supporting evidence
- 1st supporting evidence
Body paragraph 2
- 1st supporting evidence
- 2nd supporting evidence
- 3rd supporting evidence
Body paragraph 3
- Supporting evidence 1
- Supporting evidence 2
- Supporting evidence 3
- Restate the thesis statement
- Recap the first, second and third paragraphs
- Give your final statement on the topic
Find this sample outline here.
Format for a Scientific Report
- Give s short description of the paper or subject
- State the problem
- Highlight its importance in your study
- List points that can vividly explain the problem
- Literature review; the current thoughts, results and approaches to the problem
- What is the problem’s significance?
- What is your solution?
- State how you acquired information for the study
- Point out what you think about the findings obtained from the various sources of your data or information
- What special considerations did you make in choosing and using the gathered information?
- List the outcomes or findings on the research
- Clearly state if there are any challenges that you experienced in answering the questions of the study.
- What are the implications of your observations?
- Give a summary of the key findings
- Outline the conclusions that you have made from the experiment
- How do the outlined results fit into a broader context?
The above sample can be found on this link.
Sample outline for an essay on Frederick Douglass
- Roles and arguments
Douglass as a lecturer
History as a slave and acquisition of education
- He underwent the experience of slavery
- Literacy enhanced expression
Early lectures; including the first speech before Garrison
- Success of the initial speech
- Aims for future speeches
Impact of lectures on society
- Open eyes
- Encouraging activism
Douglass as an author/ publisher
- Success and effect of Narrative
- Springboard for paper
- Goals or hopes for the paper
- Setback and significance of garrison
- Significance of the paper
Douglass as a politician
- Main traits for success
- Goal of his political activism
- Contributions to the Republican party
- Significance of the contributions
- Black soldier enlistment crusade
- Membership of the Republican party
- Significance of the efforts made
- Summary of arguments and efforts
Find this sample essay outline here.
From the article above, you should now know how to write a term paper outline without difficulties. However you may still be struggling to write great term papers, If that is the case get in touch with us for assistance. For more information on the online academic writing services that we offer, you can simply refer to our homepage. Besides, you can also continue reading more academic paper writing guidelines and sample papers on this blog.
How to Write a Term Paper Fast
Being a student, you should know how to write a term paper fast because there will always be a time when you will be left behind the schedule of the end-of-term assignments. A term paper refers to a research paper that students write over the academic term and it accounts for a large portion of their grade- wikipedia.org. Generally, term papers are aimed at describing a concept, an event or argue a specific point.
A term paper can also be described as a concisely written and documented paper that has a reasonable length and its writing requires a student to identify, analyze, interpret and draw conclusions from opinions of the other people and facts- ftu.edu. Writing a term paper takes time because you must obtain information or data from different sources that include reference books, dictionaries and encyclopedias, scholarly journals, indexes of special subjects, newspapers and books. The obtained information should be analyzed and organized logically as properly developed ideas.
A guide on how to write a term paper fast
The main reason why you should know how to write a term paper fast is because you have a tight deadline that you must beat while submitting the paper. Therefore, writing a term paper fast entails setting the amount of time to spend on each task of writing the term paper.
Here are the steps that you should follow when writing a term paper quickly:
Relaxing your mind is very important before you start writing your term paper. However, relaxing does not mean that you grab a beer and enjoy drinking it as you sit comfortably on a sofa. It simply means you calm down so that you can focus on the task that awaits you. Take approximately 15 minutes to relax and then focus on writing your term paper.
- Select a topic for your term paper
The topic that you pick for your term paper should be interesting to you and considerably broad. Choose a topic that has adequate research that was conducted previously by other scholars- instructables.com. This is because when writing a last minute term paper, you are not reinventing something new. You are simply analyzing the research of other people and using your words to present your analysis in a term paper. Therefore, take another 15 minutes to select a topic for your term paper.
- Develop a strong thesis statement
After relaxing and selecting a topic, it is now time to pay attention to the thesis statement of your term paper. A thesis statement will keep your writing and research focused on the topic. Therefore, this is a vital part of writing the term paper. Spend time reading through the database of journal articles that you can access such as Google scholar- scholar.google.com. While reading the theses that you find in such databases, save quotes and citations from relevant articles that you find there. Take 45 minutes to develop your thesis statement.
- Outline your term paper
Outlining a term paper saves time when it comes to writing it. Therefore, come up with a basic outline that includes the thesis statement, topic sentences and the conclusion.
- Write a strong introduction
Everybody who knows how to write a term paper fast knows the essence of starting a term paper with a strong introduction. An introduction that grabs professor’s attention while focusing the term paper on your topic will convince the professor that you spent adequate time writing it. Therefore, take 15 minutes to come up with great introduction sentences before writing a thesis statement.
- Defend the thesis of your paper
Take 30 minutes to brainstorm for ideas or reasons for supporting your thesis. Think about any reason that should convince the professor that you are making a valid claim or argument. Write your major arguments down since they will be the supporting paragraphs of your term paper. Ensure that every argument becomes your mini-thesis for supporting your main thesis.
- Conduct your research
You might waste time in this part of writing a term paper if you are not careful. To write your term paper quickly, take about 2 hours conducting research. In some cases, professors specify the number of minimum references that should be included in the bibliography. Make sure that the specified number is your minimum number. Therefore, log into the library database of your college and start your research on the topic. While conducting research, try to note down quotations in an organized manner as per the mini-thesis identified in step 5. If you come across more arguments, add them in the list and their supporting ideas. Take relevant and detailed notes while conducting research- ehow.com.
- Write your term paper
You should take about 4 hours in writing the term paper. Select the best arguments and include them in the introduction of the supporting paragraphs. Ensure that the arguments that you include in your term paper convinces the professor that you have a true thesis and valid arguments to support it. Think about the weak spots of your arguments and work on them to keep the arguments tight. Ensure that your paper is flawless. Note that you can easily get stuck as you start writing. However, do not worry about the argument process and sentence structure. Instead, focus on writing ideas in a logical manner with the main argument acting as your writing prompt.
- Think about the opposing ideas
Take at least 1 hour to think about the opinions of critics and cite them in your term paper. This is very important because it strengthens your term paper since it shows that you comprehend and acknowledge other viewpoints. It also indicates that you have taken time to think about and research on the topic. Additionally, it shows that you can answer to any objection.
- Summarize the thesis statement of your term paper
After completing the term paper, restate your thesis statement in the conclusion. Include some supporting ideas that were used in the body paragraphs in a brief manner. Ensure that after reading your term paper, the professor will have something that requires him/her to think about. Writing a conclusion should take you 30 minutes.
- Revise your term paper
After writing the term paper, edit it thoroughly. Take about 1 hour to remove anything that does not support the thesis statement of your term paper. Eliminate passive verbs such as “to-be”. Ensure that your term paper has action-oriented words in most parts. If there are paragraphs or sentences that weaken your arguments, remove them. Ensure that what you leave in the paper makes the arguments clear and easy to comprehend.
Additional tips on how to write a term paper fast
There are many distractions that may hinder you from writing your term paper fast. However, these hints on how to write a term paper fast will enable you to keep those distractions away:
- Stay away from your bed
Avoid soft furnishings and warmth while writing a term paper fast. The place where you write from should not have savvy ergonomics because excess comfort will hinder you from concentrating on making your argument.
- Avoid sleeping too much
Taking a short nap and drinking coffee will keep you awake and enhance your writing process. Therefore, when writing a term paper under pressure, take a nap for about 15 minutes if necessary. Set an alarm before taking a nap to avoid oversleeping.
- Eat light meals
There is no food that is perfect in promoting alertness- theguardian.com. However, sugary drinks and fatty, heavy meals are not good at combating sleepiness.
- Indulge in the analysis
Write as if you are convincing a very stubborn professor. Instead of overloading your term paper with examples, present a few examples that you already have in a creative way. Ensure details rather than perfecting examples because you will have time for editing.
- Format your term paper
Most professors specify the format to follow when writing a term paper. Therefore format the term paper accordingly before submitting it. If you are required to include in-text citations, check to ensure that you have included them properly.
- Use sample term papers
Using term paper samples can give you ideas that will enable you to come up with a great term paper. Therefore, look for great term paper samples and use them as your writing guide.
Here are links to sample term papers that you can easily access on the internet:
- A term paper on Human Caring theory by Watson
- Intervention of technology on the operations of Apple
- Effects of the long term use of Benzodiazepine
Get help on writing a term paper fast
If you encounter difficulties while writing a term paper within a tight deadline, contact us for assistance. You can also visit the home page of our website for more details of our writing services. Alternatively, keep reading for more guidelines on how to write a term paper fast and sample term papers on our blog.
How to Write a Term Paper
It is crucial that you know how to write a term paper in order to enhance your academic performance. Term papers make a greater contribution to the overall grades, hence, there is every reason for you to know how to write the best for every assignment. Herein, we will offer you easy-to-use guidelines and examples to assist you in mastering the art of how to write a term paper without any problem.
A term paper can simply be defined as an academic assignment whereby you are required to give an account or discuss a subject. Term papers vary from one topic and even course to another. However, you will always be asked to write term papers for all courses regardless of the one that you are pursuing at the end of every academic semester.
By knowing how to write a term paper, you can always be sure of improved grades, thereby giving an uplift to your overall performance. Besides, good term paper writing skills will also help you even after school in employment. On the other hand, you will also be able to significantly enhance your communication skills.
Term papers usually vary in length and even tone based on various factors like subject, areas to be covered among others. However, they are generally short not exceeding five pages in most occasions.
Guidelines on how to write a term paper
In order to master the art of how to write a term paper, it is very important to note that uniqueness and quality should be given precedence. The following are more tips to guide you on how to create an outstanding term paper.
Choose a topic
The first step in tackling a term paper assignment is picking a topic to discuss. However, there are instances that you will be given specific instructions on the subject to cover in an assignment.
If you are given the opportunity of choosing a topic, take advantage of it and go for one that you have an interest in. The subject should be one that you can find information on and easily discuss.
A topic is often too broad in the initial stages, therefore, you should narrow down to an aspect that is relevant to the assignment. In order to deliver a unique paper, look for various angles that could give your work a different but cohesive approach.
Do research on the subject
The best way to finding compelling content for a term paper is conducting thorough research. Through this, you will be able to get relevant information that will assist in building a better argument in the paper.
In doing your research, ensure that you establish the background information, current thinking as well as the possibility of future research on the topic.
Even if the subject is one that seems too obvious and easy to work on, it is advisable that you consider doing some research on it to establish what other authors have covered on the same. Try to make comparisons on different term papers about the topic in order to acquire ideas.
Unless you are instructed to use specific reference materials for the term paper, you are free to research from both online and offline sources.
While doing the research, be sure to take notes on the points that stand out from the sources and can help in writing your paper.
Refine the thesis statement
A thesis statement is a single and strong idea about the topic of choice that your discussion will be based on. It is the assertion or argument that you intend to defend in the paper, hence, has to be well thought of and crafted.
It would be advisable that you develop a thesis statement from a unique angle in order to give the paper a different feel from the obvious.
The idea that you settle on should be one that you can clearly explain to conclusion.
Draft an outline for the term paper
Although many students often assume this step, it is critical in the process of knowing how to write a term paper. An outline shows the ideas that you plan to discuss in the paper and also the order in which they will be covered.
An outline will help you to remember the direction to pursue in writing the paper and also the aspects to highlight in every stage.
Steps on how to write a term paper
A typical term paper should include three parts; introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion or summary. Below are the basic steps on how to write a term paper with ease.
The introductory paragraph should provide a general view of the topic discussed in the paper. It is where you need to point out some of the facts or ideas that the readers should keep in mind throughout the paper.
Your introduction should be straightforward, clear and well-crafted to hook the reader. In tapping the reader’s appetite, you can use quotes, questions, anecdotes or strong facts about the topic of discussion.
At the end of the introduction, you should skillfully link the thesis statement to the body paragraphs.
In the body of the paper, you are required to give a detailed analysis and clarification of the topic. This is the section where you will need to provide the evidence to back up your claim or assertion outlined in the thesis statement.
For instance, if you were asked to write a term paper on the benefits of solar power, you should clearly discuss every advantage as obtained from the research. In order to make your work neat, discuss every idea on a different paragraph.
It is important to give examples or actual quotes from experts on the subject within the body paragraphs to give the argument more weight.
As you advance in writing the body paragraphs, always keep checking the requirements of the assignment so that you do not lose track. Keep the discussion relevant and convincing.
The end or summary of the paper should also be written skillfully so that readers are not left in the balance. It should be strong enough to clearly indicate the importance of reading the paper.
The best approach to take in writing a good term paper conclusion is the ROCC method. This implies that you should restate the thesis statement, highlight an outstanding detail contained in the last paragraph, fill in any remaining gaps in the discussion and leave the readers with something to think about.
For all the quotes or ideas borrowed from other sources that have been used in the term paper, you must ensure that each is well referenced in the required style or format. The most common formats include APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian. The best one to use for your paper will be based on the given instructions.
Always take time to carefully proofread and edit the paper after writing in order to deliver flawless work.
Term paper Examples
With well written term paper samples, you can also be able to easily know how to write a term paper. The following are created by experts and can offer you a more vivid view of how a good term paper should be written.
How the Internet Has Influenced the Nature of Community Involvement in Development Decisions
‘’Community development entails the co-operation and coordination of stakeholders, including the government and community members in the creation of programs, establishments and institutions for promotion of social well-being and socio-economic development. Members of the society’s adequate involvement in community development is a significant aspect since it confirms the democratic nature of that process, besides securing suitability of the development plans, agendas, results as well as processes to the needs of the community…’’
Read the rest of this sample term paper here.
Role of Christian Monasticism in Western Civilization
‘’During the age of Charlemagne, Christianity and the church went through tremendous revival in the West (Butt, 2002, p.194). It is also during this time that arts, music, literature and education experienced revival. Although Charlemagne’s death and division of his empire impacted the deterioration of several political and social organizations, the church, arts and education were carried onto the 11th C when they were fully recovered…’’
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Freedom of Information Act
‘’The Freedom of Information Act is a law that gives American citizens the authority to gain access to information that any of them might need from the federal government. Most people describe it as the law that keeps the masses in the know regarding their government. According to the law, you are able to make a request for certain information about government business or activities and be allowed access to them. The Freedom of Information Act has been considered by many as one of the critical pillars of American democracy…’’
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How to Write a Term Paper in APA Format
Are you wondering how to write a term paper in APA format? The first thing you need to know is what APA formatting/citation style. APA (American psychological association) is a method of citation that is widely used for writing papers in areas of sociology, business, mathematics, psychology, criminal justice and nursing among other areas.
A term paper formatted in the APA style tries to show something that has already been proven to be true and it has to be cited in the past or present perfect tense. In addition, you have to feature the year of publication after any named source in the text. The APA writing style has evolved with time and has been adapted in response to the advent of technology or the electronic information age. Not knowing how to write a term paper in APA format acts as a great hindrance to inexperienced writers, and it is wise to seek writing guidance or help if stuck.
Everything to Know on How to Write a Term Paper in APA Format
APA format is a simple and widely embraced writing style in the academic field and it demonstrates how one should organize his or her paper and the references to use. If you have never been assigned an APA term paper before, you will find it a bit different from other writing styles and guidelines that are helpful in the writing process. It might take time to get used to writing in this style, but mastering how to write a term paper in APA format is a useful skill that will serve you well throughout your academics.
APA format differs in one way or another from other types of writing styles, although there are similarities here and there. Below are a few facets of the APA writing format that make it differ from other writing styles such as MLA and Chicago among others;
- An APA format is made up of four parts; the title page, abstract, main body and reference.
- APA formatted term papers use page headers at the top most part of every page incorporating the title page.
- APA differs from MLA writing style when it comes to in-text citation as MLA abides to the author-page format whilst APA follows the author-date format.
- APA writing style includes a separate page at the end of the term paper entitled “References” whilst the MLA-formatted papers include a page title known as “works cited”.
To effectively understand how to write a term paper in APA format, it is essential to keep basic guidelines that make the process a success in mind. Your paper will include many things, but the information you provide about your study will be addressed in each of the sections in diverse ways.
Basics of Writing an APA Format- What to Understand Beforehand
You cannot just rush into writing an APA term paper. Understanding what a good APA format is made up is the key to producing a great paper. As a competent writer, you have to take time and master the guidelines of formatting your paper. The entire APA format writing manual is accessible as a book, and the APA format as well makes it easy to access this information for free on websites. Hence, do not produce a below par term paper when, writing guidelines are available. What follows below are helpful pointers on the best APA formatting guidelines;
- General structure- An APA term paper should start with a title page, followed by an abstract, main body, reference, footnotes, graphics and then appendices.
- Title page- This counts as page one and it should have the title at the center, followed by your name and then your college or organization. You should choose the best title and make sure that it is not more than 12 words long.
- Running head- APA format uses a running head as the smaller version of the title of the term paper and it runs throughout the paper at top of each page. It has to be less than 50 spaces and start on the top left side of the paper.
- Abstract- Should be centered below your running head and come up with a summed up piece of about 150 to 250 words that describes the crucial points of your research and paper.
- Main body structure- This should be covered in page three of the term paper. This section should observe a few things;
- Formatted to a one-inch margin all the way round.
- The paper should be indented 5-7 spaces
- Type the details in 12 points and in common font such as Times New Roman.
- Double-space your paper
- Reference- This section generally comes immediately after the main body of your paper. Should incorporate the author’s last name and first name separated by a comma. The year of publication is put in parenthesis.
- Footnotes- They should be listed after the reference page and they commence in a new page and centered at the top.
- Graphics- Place them in new pages for each tables, figures and appendices. They should be labeled and centered at the top.
The Process of How to Write a Term Paper in APA Format
When asked to write an APA term paper, worry not as this is a paper that follows APA writing style. If having doubts, you can consult your instructor as he or she knows what a good APA format paper should entail or look like. Your classmates can also guide you in the writing process. Experts who are competent enough to offer writing services can also lend a hand and present you with useful guidelines on how to write a term paper in APA format. As you write your APA term paper, there are a few rules that you ought to abide to. They include;
- Do not put page breaks in between the introduction, method, results and discussions sections.
- The whole term paper should be written in the past tense and in best font of 12 points and in one-inch margins.
- The title page, abstract, tables and figures should be on their own pages.
If you do not hold the many essential tips of writing term papers in APA format, obtain a copy of the APA’s publication manual from the closest bookstore or local library or online. It incorporates detailed data specific for writing APA term papers. As you write in the APA format, keep in mind that Microsoft word and EasyOffice have in-built features that format footnotes, endnotes and citations in accord to APA writing style. Ensure that you know the correct order that your paper should follow from page one to the last section. Here are more guidelines to help you understand how to write a term paper in APA format;
- Start with your title page- Center the title roughly one-third of the way down the paper. Keep it about 12 words and ensure it does not carry any filler words or abbreviations.
- Insert a running head and ensure that it does not carry more than 50 characters.
- Compose your abstract and keep it between 150 to 250 words and on a new page. Include core keywords for your paper.
- Start the body of your term paper- Ensure that everything is double spaced and the paragraphs are indented on the first line. Come up with four core sections of the body of your APA format term paper. This includes;
- The introduction of APA format term paper is the toughest to write, but it should summarize, integrate and evaluate the empirical knowledge of the core areas of study.
- You have to be precise as you write the method section of your paper. Include participants, materials and procedure sections.
- In the results section, describe how you analyzed the data and what you gathered.
- In the discussion section, interpret your findings and put them in a broader context of the area of study.
- Write the references section- Present an alphabetical listing of the references. Double-space everything and ensure that there are no extra spaces between references. Indent the second line of each reference. Stick to the author-date writing style as you reference your work.
- Attach any table, notes or figures as they back your work. However ensure that they are less wordy and illustrate your research.
- Proofread and edit your work- Go over your finished term paper and take a look at; spelling and grammar, flow and clarity, punctuation and ensure that all the guidelines for writing an APA format term paper are adhered to.
Samples of an APA Format Term Paper;
Provided below are helpful links to samples of term papers written in APA format to rely on;
Sample 1; owl.english.purdue.edu.
Sample 2; explorable.com.
Sample 3; esc.edu.
Are you still unsure of how to write a term paper in APA format accurately? Get in touch with us for assistance. Visit our homepage for more information about our academic writing services. You can also continue reading more academic paper writing guidelines and sample papers on this blog.
How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph
Perhaps the secret of scoring a high grade in any paper is having strong conclusion. Starting your essay on a high note and losing all the energy before the conclusion could be disastrous. Knowing how to write a conclusion paragraph will leave your readers wanting more of your work.
You need to know what to include in your conclusion, what to avoid and how to organize your conclusion statements. Good conclusion ideas that lack harmony distort the flavor of your conclusion remarks and could snatch that first class from your hands.
When writing a conclusion paragraph, the summary of your paper should be at the back of your mind. Do not think outside the scope of your research since conclusion sums up your ideas. Make it provocative, with punch and oomph! Here is what you need to know:
Guidelines on How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph
Conclusions are about reminding your readers of your main issues in the essay. Here are the steps on how to write a conclusion paragraph, you must always follow:
Step 1: Transition: Having a small transition is important to signal your reader that your paper is ending. This ensures that they pay attention to what you are about to say as you link with the thesis statement. However, you may avoid starting your conclusion paragraph with a transition if you are sure that your essay is ending. You could as well make the transition very simple.
Consider the conclusion paragraph of; Is It Possible For the Foreign Policy Leaders to Behave As Rational Actors?:
“From the above analysis, foreign policy administrators will not act sensibly to foster global relations. In addition, reasons behind international relations will forever remain.”
Step 2: Brief Summary: The baseline of writing the best conclusion is summarizing the main points of your essay. Here, try revisiting your topic sentences in the body since they capture your core arguments. At this point, rewrite the main point into two or three sentences to enhance your supporting evidence for your claims.
While summarizing is a common approach when writing a conclusion paragraph, do not summarize your points as you wrote them. Capture the overall answer, which your research provided, giving you freedom to use a few sentences.
Step 3: Short and sweet: To write a good conclusion paragraph, summarize your main points. In most cases, the instructor will not specify the length of your conclusion paragraph. A very long conclusion could be a repetition of the body of your essay.
Step 4: Rework your thesis statement: Since a good essay will always have a thesis statement, rework it as you conclude your essay. You must do this even if you do not dwell on it. It is important to tie your conclusion to the thesis since it is the main point of your paper and you will have to spent most of time supporting it. If the reader cannot get your thesis statement from the conclusion paragraph, then you have failed as a writer.
Avoid copy pasting your thesis. Always find a pleasant way of reworking it in an attractive way with different wording from the original. Restating your thesis word for word could mean laziness.
Step 5: Be authoritative. Convince the reader that your content is accurate. Use strong and right words that affirm your authority of the research. Avoid using phrases like ‘I think’ in your conclusion as they weaken your firmness. To be reliable, do not regret or offer apology for your opinion. Own every argument in the essay and stand by it.
Example of a good conclusion from the essay, Comparing Management and Leadership:
“Leaders and managers have a common task of working together to achieve organizational objectives. Each of these, however, needs specific attribute to realize their goals.”
The author revisits the topic and gives an authoritative stance on what leaders and managers need to achieve organizational goals.
Writing a Flawless Conclusion Paragraph
There are other points on how to write a conclusion paragraph that you should have in mind. Write a conclusion paragraph that is devoid of errors. Make it direct and provocative. Be sure to illustrate the basis of your argument. Your focus should remain on the theme of your essay and your ending.
Have an interesting ending by using a bit of irony. Make it playful without losing your readers who have been loyal from the first line of your paper. This makes you entire paper provocative. Also, make your ending powerful by appealing to the emotions of the reader. If you master this, it literally gives your paper a heart.
Include a call to action statement especially if you aim at influencing people to change. However, it can overkill a paper if you misuse it.
Since the conclusion is part of your paper, stick to the rules of writing. Avoid grammar mistakes, which could reveal how you are not committed to leave a lasting impression in the minds of your readers. The image you paint in a conclusion paragraph is a lasting one.
Guidelines on How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph
While writing a conclusion can appear like a walkover, it can as well mess up your entire paper. Just like an introduction, a conclusion paragraph has significant weight in determining your final grade. Do not do an excellent research and overshadow it with a shoddy ending. Here are some of the strategies to avoid every time you are ending your essay:
Avoid overused Phrases: You must be creative enough to figure out how to write a conclusion paragraph. Avoid old school phrases. Some of the statements to avoid are, ‘in conclusion’, ‘in summary’, or in ‘closing.’
Here is another good example of a conclusion paragraph from Culture and Society done by our experts:
“It is evident that culture is key in shaping people’s beliefs and norms, which give them an identity and distinguishes them from other communities.”
The author wraps up the essay by connecting culture and society.
Stating thesis statement: Do not state your thesis for the first time in your conclusion paragraph. Normally, your thesis statement should appear in the first paragraph as it guides you and the reader.
Introducing new idea: To know how to write a conclusion paragraph, focus on the main points in the body of your essay. At all cost, avoid having new ideas in your conclusion. This causes confusion and discontinuity as the reader cannot sequentially understand your essay. Besides new ideas, do not introduce new subtitles in your ending.
Restate your thesis: – Do not duplicate your thesis statement even though you need it in your conclusion. Rework it by making substantive changes.
Emotional appeals: Sentimental appeals to the reader, which are disjoint with the rest of the paper, have no place in conclusion paragraph writing. Stick to your outline and theme. In most cases, let the reader make a judgment upon reading your work.
Supporting evidence: Information that supports your claims in the paper belongs to the body. Avoid having quotes and statistics in the last paragraph. Understand the elements to include in any conclusion paragraph.
How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph Effectively
Writing a good conclusion does not come easily. Besides having good grammar, understanding your theme and the entire research process, you need to have the following tips on how to write a conclusion paragraph:
‘So what game’: When you read a conclusion paragraph, always remember to ask yourself the ‘so what’ question. Do not leave your readers hanging and wondering why they had to waste their time reading your paper
Revisit your thesis statement: End your essay by going back to your thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. This makes writing and reading a complete circle. Take the reader back to where they started.
Sum up: Put all your main points together without unnecessary repetition. Be sure to show your reader the important points in the paper and the supporting evidence you used. This is the baseline of perfecting conclusion paragraph writing.
Essays with standard Conclusions:
- Pros and Cons of Corporations
- Culture and Society
- Comparing Management and Leadership
- Is It Possible For the Foreign Policy Leaders to Behave As Rational Actors?
Writing an Outline for a Conclusion Paragraph
Writing a conclusion paragraph requires one to have an outline, which includes the following:
Topic sentence: This captures the main point in every paragraph in the body of the paper. Rephrase these sentences and the thesis statement to incorporate in your conclusion.
Supporting evidence: Explain to the reader how your ideas fit together to support your claims throughout the paper.
Give a closing sentence. The last step when writing a conclusion is giving your final thoughts on the topic of discussion. At this point, it should be clear to the reader that the paper is ending. This includes having a tone that enhances a sense of closure. Remember that a conclusion paragraph is the opposite of the introduction paragraph.
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