The Influence of Research on Nursing Practice
Research plays a pivotal role on nursing. New practices are developed that make nurses and the nursing profession more effective making it possible for them to offer the best health care. There have been developments on this field that have contributed to a huge improvement on the way nurses offer their services (Curry, et al, 2014). Researchers have focused on identifying areas of nursing that can be improved. This has improved the recovery rate of patients especially those suffering from manageable health problems.
The study covers evidence based guide for the administration of high blood pressure in adults. The study reviews the expectations of patients and how they should be treated to eliminate chances of their condition aggravating. The relationship between good nursing care and recovery of patients affected by high blood pressure is established. Patients are likely to improve if they receive the right medical care from qualified health practitioners (James, et al, 2014).
The study was conducted by a team of associates appointed by the Eighth Joint National Committee. They relied on literature from peer reviewed journals that carried extensive research blood pressure. The evidence was summarized and presented in a professional manner. The research is credible because it relied on peer reviewed journals carried out by respected researchers and institutions. The researchers also reviewed the information and used different journals to compile their report. Figures and tables were used to support the findings of the study (Lewis, 2015).
The findings of this study are very important to the nursing profession. It creates a correlation between patient recovery and the kind of care they receive when suffering from high blood pressure (Jirojwong, Johnson & Welch, 2014). Nurses should incorporate the findings of this study in their profession to improve the way they treat high blood pressure patients.
The findings of this study provide crucial information that will enable nurses offer better care to high blood pressure patients. This will contribute to the profession in a manner similar to that of important studies conducted in the past.
Curry, S. J., Grossman, D. C., Whitlock, E. P., & Cantu, A. (2014). Behavioral counseling research and evidence-based practice recommendations: US Preventive Services Task Force perspectives. Annals of internal medicine, 160(6), 407-413.
James, P. A., Oparil, S., Carter, B. L., Cushman, W. C., Dennison-Himmelfarb, C., Handler, J., … & Smith, S. C. (2014). 2014 evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: report from the panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). Jama, 311(5), 507-520.
Jirojwong, S., Johnson, M., & Welch, A. J. (2014). Research methods in nursing and midwifery: Pathways to evidence-based practice. Oxford University Press.
Lewis, S. (2015). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Health promotion practice, 1524839915580941.
Purpose and Effectiveness of Nursing Organizations
The United States contains many nursing organizations that offer various services to their members. I am a member and familiar with American Nurses Association (ANA). The organization serves around 20% of the total nurses working in the United States. The organization plays a significant role in the medical field by uniting several nurses as well as providing them with an established networking base that leads them to various job opportunities. The paper explores the purpose and effectiveness of American Nurses Association (ANA) (“American Nurses Association,” n.d.).
It is a good advancement for nurses to join ANA as their specialty organization. The organization provides nurses with a platform for networking, opportunities for accessing as well as continuing education, and obtaining significant updates regarding the nursing field and specific areas of specialty. The organization is effective in the provision of services to its members. Its leadership structure is well framed in a manner that it allows members to participate and elect leaders of their choice. Members also have the opportunity of ascending to a leadership role that enhances their professional growth. Besides, its governance policies, operations, and agendas are formulated to serve the interests of its members. Moreover, ANA employs policies that are likely to improve the status of its members. For instance, it has two sectors whereby one is aimed at professional initiatives while the other involves collective bargaining to serve its members well (“American Nurses Association,” n.d.).
Therefore, ANA is a nursing organization that provides its members a platform through which they can boost their knowledge in the field and obtain jobs. The organization is effective in the sense that it is committed to ensuring its members attain the best services. The existence of two sectors in the organization emphasizes on member satisfaction thereby portraying the effectiveness of the system.
American Nurses Association. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/
A Case Study on A Potential Conflict Regarding Brad Smith’s Dilemma
As a professional director of a Memorial Hospital laboratory, Smith finds himself in a challenging dilemma regarding his decision to begin his postgraduate studies. Smith manages a proficient staff of 67 employees in a large, complex, and highly occupied laboratory that requires his continuous commitment. The entire management role requires Smith to execute both evening and weekend tasks despite his commitment and excellence at the job. His decision of pursuing a master’s degree is emphasized with the fact that he has to use it as evidence for entry into higher levels of management within the field of medicine and healthcare.
However, the timing of these studies will overlap with the weekend as well as evening tasks at the Memorial Hospital. As such, this decision may have negative impacts on the effective management of the healthcare services provided by the laboratory under Smith’s leadership. Nevertheless, Smith has initiated a family with his wife and is in dire need of their well-paying jobs to cater for their daily needs. The greatest dilemma exists whereby the incumbent manager has to meet his family needs, attend classes, and at the same time ensure smooth running of the laboratory activities. This paper explores Smith’s challenges in three different ways. First, the paper looks at the reasons that compel Smith to attend the graduate school alongside the needs that the degree attained would help him to fulfill. Secondly, the paper discusses other alternatives that can be used to satisfy Smith’s needs before providing a discussion on whether Memorial Hospital have any responsibility for him in this context and how they would help him out.
An Overview of the Reasons as to why Smith Wants To Attend Graduate School and the Needs that the Graduate School would help him to fulfill
According to Hancock and Isaac (2015), different people choose to further their education for different reasons. In this case, Smith is seeking to pursue a master’s degree as a stepping-stone to a higher level of management position in the field of healthcare. Pursuing a master’s degree will help the incumbent laboratory manager to further his knowledge in not only the field of medicine but also other related disciplines such as psychiatry. Master’s degrees are always associated with enhancement of knowledge, expertise skills and professional experience required in pursuing a number of tasks that one might encounter in his or her line of work.
Hancock and Isaac (2015) add that one’s decision to pursue higher studies is always accompanied with the need of salary increment and the urge to appropriately fit in the modern technologically changing society. For instance, Smith will acquire more skills that will augment the current ones and improve service delivery not only at the current workplace but also in new environments where he may seek for employment in higher capacities. This decision can also help Smith to fulfill other needs such as taking care of his family(Jacobs, 2013). Human wants are always unlimited and Smith may have a desire to improve the living standards of his family despite the better pay they receive at their current workstations.
In this perspective, Smith would look after increasing his current salary to acquire more sophisticated services such as means of transport that may further improve his living conditions alongside that of his family members. Nonetheless, acquiring a master’s degree is a direct fulfillment of one’s educational needs, which would further encourage him to acquire of a Degree in Doctor of Philosophy (Phd). As such, masters would act as a binding element that helps in catering Smith’s emotional needs as far as the desire of living a better life is concerned.
Alternative Ways of Satisfying Smith’s Needs
According to Hancock and Isaac (2015), it is always important to understand ones fundamental needs before exploring whether there are any alternative ways to help him or her. In this case, Smith’s fundamental need is to pursue a master’s degree and see it help him to seek for higher management positions in different organizations. Seemingly, Smith is not embraced with the better pay that the two receive from their current employers. Therefore, it is important to start by inviting him and talking to him to understand all that he needs. In this scenario, it is evident that Smith’s employer can use a number of techniques to curb his evasion.
The first alternative should involve a salary increment, which will enable the incumbent manager to reconsider his decision of going back to school. Secondly, Smith can also think of other techniques such as on the job training to improve further his skills as opposed to his decision to pursue masters during part time (Jacobs, 2013). This decision is highly costly and can result in negative consequences to the Memorial Hospital laboratory. First, the hospital may fail to get a qualified, experienced, and self-driven manager who can effectively manage the entire laboratory as Smith during times when he would leave for class. Secondly, Smiths decision may result in unplanned absenteeism of the organizational employees alongside his absence, which may jeopardize the laboratory operations.
Jacobs (2013) adds that tthese combined negative events can have far reaching effects on the performance and service delivery of the laboratory which may even result in ultimate closure. As the threats of closure continue, Smith may receive several warning letters that may not only result in the loss of his job but also affect his family life. Job loss would transform into lack of payment and further result in poor living standards. As such, Smith should think wisely and apply for study vacations at the interval of his employment period to enable him attend his classes and even seat for examination. Provision of paid study leaves and vacations are a common practice in many organizations operating in the current world and can act as a good choice to cater for the fulfillment of Smiths educational needs.
Memorial Hospital’s Responsibility to Smith in this Scenario and how to help him out
Owing to the stipulation and guidelines provided in the employee-employer relationship, all employers have a moral responsibility to take good care of their employees. The Occupational Health and Safety Act is a fundamental example of such laws that have been globally developed to ensure the comfort of all employees and their employers (Creighton & Rozen, 2014).In this case, Memorial Hospital has a moral responsibility to care of Smith as their employee in a number of ways. First, the Hospital should start by listening to their incumbent laboratory manager and seeking for factual ways of helping him out to cater for his overwhelming needs.
Secondly, the hospital can start to provide on the job training to ensure that they improve the skills, knowledge and expertise professional stances of committed employees such as Smith. On the job training is one of the most current form of training that most of the organizations are using to improve the experience of their workers. Smith’s desire to pursue a master’s degree is emphasized with the need that he wants to use this degree as a stepping-stone to higher management positions. Realizing this goal in one of their most committed employees, the Memorial Hospital should respond accordingly by improving Smith’s pay.
According to Rothwell (2014), a salary increment in a worker’s pay-slip can have far-reaching positive effects. The reward offered in a particular workstation is always a determinant factor in the mobility of labor. As such, Smith can consider postponing his decision to further his studies in line with the hospital’s decision to not only improve his pay but also offer him on the job training that improves his skills and knowledge (Creighton, & Rozen, 2014). Increasing the manager’s salary can also help him to cater for other needs such as improving the standards of living of his family members and augment his studies.
Thirdly, the Memorial Hospital can honor Smith’s decision and back him up to ensure that he goes to school and accomplishes his master’s degree requirements. Here, the Hospital can appoint other substitute managers, train them, and equip them with the necessary knowledge required to take care of the laboratories when Smith is not around. Training other substitute managers will allow the organization to run smoothly without the negative effects that may accrue as a result of Smith leaving for his educational plans (Cunningham, 2016). However, the hospital should ensure that they support Smith’s education with different techniques to maintain him as their employee (Robertson, 2016).
In this case, Memorial Hospital can pay full or part of the incumbent manager’s school fees as a maintenance strategy and provide him with auxiliary services such as means of transport from school to work. This decision can also help in saving the time that the worker may waste on the road using public means to get from school to work and back to his home (Cunningham, 2016). Nevertheless, the Hospital should ensure that they provide Smith with adequate support through providing him with paid vacations and study leaves. These vacations alongside continuous study leaves will enable their incumbent laboratory manager to have a smooth run of events and ensure that he attends his classes without disturbances and sits for his exams without any form of interruption from work.
Another responsibility that the hospital may have in ensuring that Smith’s needs are well catered for may include continuous encouragement and motivation of the employee (Rothwell, 2014).Here, the hospital should carry out activities such as benchmarking alongside other company managers to understand how they usually balance their educational needs alongside their jobs. Additionally, the hospital should also improve Smith’s working conditions by holding several seminars and a variety of meetings to discuss the welfare of their workers (Robertson, 2016). It is through this seminars that workers needs such educational goals can be properly addressed.
It is the fundamental goal of both employees and their employers to maintain a mutual relationship while at their workplace. A number of acts and laws have been proposed both at national and international levels to adequately cater for the needs of each employee and employer at their workplace. This paper has explored Smith’s dilemma in details. Despite the responsibility of the Memorial Hospital on Smith’s needs, the incumbent laboratory manager has well elaborated steps that he must undertake to safeguard his job and fulfill his career goals. As such, it is important for the Hospital to consider Smiths needs and ensure that they support him in each step that he undertakes.
Creighton, W. B., & Rozen, P. C. (2014). Occupational health and safety law in Victoria. Sydney: Federation Press.
Cunningham, J. B. (2016). Strategic Human Resource Management in the Public Arena. Palgrave Macmillan.
Hancock, K., & Isaac, J. E. (2015). Labour market deregulation: Rewriting the rules ; essays in honour of Keith Hancock. Annandale NSW: Federation Press.
Jacobs, R. L. (2013). Structured on-the-job training: Unleashing employee expertise in the workplace. San Francisco, Calif: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Robertson, D. I. L. Y. S. (2016). Ontario Occupational Health And Safety Act: Quick Reference. Aurora: Thomson Reuters Canada.
Rothwell, W. J. (2014). Improving On-the-Job Training: How to Establish and Operate a Comprehensive OJT Program. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
65749 Valley Street
Los Angeles, 67439
E-mail Address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Prolix Medical Center
Twin Estate, 5829
New York, NY7829273
July 19, 2017
Dear Mr. Lewis
I am writing this letter to apply for a Family Nurse Practitioner position, specifically in the field of primary care and urgent care setting. In addition to this, I will attach my documents through which your organization can consider. I am confident about my nursing skills that I have gathered over the past five years. I can take care of patients well, and I will be honored to be part of your team in Prolix Medical Center. I also can communicate well with them by offering company to them so that they do not feel lonely. This keeps their hope for recovery alive.
From my attached resume, the following are a summary of my qualifications and skills.
- I have gained a five-year experience from my working at children and family caring units in Los Angeles.
- I also have competent computer skills that can help me manage patient’s data well.
- Lastly, I have great memory skills that I can use to diagnose a patient’s symptoms based on their history.
- I currently graduated from Barry University and certified through the ANCC (American nursing credential center).
The above skills and more will enable me to fit in your organization correctly. Also, I am calm and social, and this allows me to interact with the patients well. I am aware of the current medical terminologies that I can relate to my field of work. This will ensure that my patients are comfortably attended to and can feel better soon.
Lastly, I have attached my resume in which you can review. It includes my other qualifications as well as my educational background. I am looking forward to hearing from you based on this application.
The Affordable Care Act
The Affordable Care Act was conceptualized and incorporated as part of law on the 23rd of March, 2010 (Moini, 2017). Signed into law by the former President Barrack Obama, Affordable Care Act was intended to provide patients with a range of health-related services whilst reforming the health care system. Dubbed as the ObamaCare, the Affordable Care Act provides the Americans with an extensive stellar health security by putting in place an array of comprehensive insurance reforms (In Thompson, 2015).
The Affordable Care Act contains a set of rules that provide strict guidelines to insurance companies, health institutions and other healthcare related business organizations (In Thompson, 2015). Today, a vast majority of patients with pre-existing health conditions enjoy an expansive health care coverage offered by a plethora of insurance companies. Furthermore, millions of American patients are at liberty to choose their most preferred health insurance options by accessing online health insurance marketplaces known as exchanges (Moini, 2017).
In spite improved the healthcare system in America, the Affordable Care Act has been reported to display a few limitations. For starters, the all Americans are required to purchase health insurance plans or be at risk of paying penalty taxes. According to financial reports, approximately $3 billion were collected as penalty taxes that were charged to millions of the American citizens who failed to purchase the health insurance plan (Amadeo, 2015)
Some of the Americans are not insured due to reasons such; as low income and expensive premium costs. In order for the uninsured to gain an exemption from being tax fined, they need to legally file for an exemption from purchasing insurance plans (Amadeo, 2015).
Amadeo, K. (2015). The ultimate Obamacare handbook: A definitive guide to the benefits, rights, responsibilities, and potential pitfalls of the Affordable Care Act.
Moini,. (2017). Fundamentals of U.S: An Introduction for Healthy Professionals. Milton, UNKNOWN: Routledge.
In Thompson, T. (2015). The Affordable Care Act.
What is zika virus? What are the symptoms of zika virus? How how is zika virus transmitted? How is zika virus diagnosed?
This article is about the zika virus.
Following World Health Organization declaration on zika virus as a global emergency, there has been a great thirst for information about the virus. In this article we are going to see What is zika virus? what are the symptoms of zika virus and how is transmitted? how is zika virus diagnosed?
However more information is expected to come out with time as more research is done. By the time of writing this post, no treatment had been found to eradicate or prevent the virus. The virus has been described by scientists as a threat to unborn children because it may cause microcephaly. It may also lead to brain damage of the unborn child. On adults the symptoms and effects vary from one individual to another.
We are not the original authors of this information so do not cite us.
There are many more resources you can make use of in this website as a student. Some of them include guidelines on how to write different academic papers, samples of academic papers like essays and term papers and general informative articles.
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What is zika virus? what are the symptoms of zika virus, how is zika virus transmitted? how is zika virus diagnosed?
Crucial Factors Researcher Must Consider in Choosing Research Design
Research design presents a structure of given scientific work by providing systematic process and directions of the research. The researcher, first and foremost is supposed to note the research method they choose will affect the conclusion and findings of the results. The main objective of the research is to obtain reliable observations that can help in comprehension of the phenomenon.
There are 3 research designs to pick from and these include qualitative and quantitative methods or combination of both. However, the researcher has to consider the kind of information they are looking for and the purpose of the study before they make a decision on which of these methods to use (Andrew & Halcomb, 2009). Advanced practice of nursing employs the two designs to carry out health care research with quantitative methods used in experiments that require cultural and social perspectives in terms of frequencies or trend while the qualitative techniques are used to describe phenomenon. The research designs above are umbrella bodies from which other designs arise.
The researcher is supposed to understand the nature of the phenomenon, whether it is ideal for data collection and whether data collected would be reliable or valid (Walker & SAS Institute, 2010). For example, if the purpose of the research is describing or observing, the researcher can employ descriptive designs like case study, naturalistic survey or observation. In the case where the goal is to predict, they can employ correlation techniques like cross sectional study or case control study.
Another factor worth considering would be just how reliable the information is supposed to be and ethical conduct of study, which at all stages of the research need to be applied (Walker & SAS institute, 2010). For example, an advanced Nursing Practice Researcher is supposed to avoid risks that could harm respondents.
They are supposed to take into consideration costs they will incur with their choice of design and whether there is any current scientific literature and theory on the study subject (Walker & SAS Institute 2010).
Andrew, S., & Halcomb, E. (2009). Mixed methods research for nursing and the health sciences. Chichester, U.K: Wiley-Blackwell Pub.
Walker, G. A., & SAS Institute. (2010). Common statistical methods for clinical research with SAS examples. Cary, N.C: SAS Institute.
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Concerns regarding studies that use human subjects range from subjects such as voluntary contribution with regard to fair impartiality and assortment (Gallagher, 2010). The following is a discussion of 2 ethical principles that are of great importance to research regarding human subjects.
- Informed Consent: It exists to ensure every study engaging human subjects allows voluntary contribution by the subjects and they understand what it involves. The subjects should have an understanding of what they are engaging in, not influenced or forced to make their contribution and to accept engagement in the exercise as a subject (Schenker, Fernandez, Sudore & Schillinger, 2011). The 1979 Belmont report delineates 3 conditions for informed consent with initial condition being that knowledge unveiled in the study of participants is supposed to encompass their rationales, progression, expected benefits and threats, optional practice as well as declaration giving the subject the opportunity to withdraw and inquire during the course of the study. The second condition demands researchers to increase knowledge to make it comprehensible while the third condition is voluntariness.
- Confidentiality: In nursing research secrecy is significant since individuals have the right to self-protection and awareness which is gathered in the course of study contribution as it could hurt the individual by infringing on their right to keep private information confidential. The awareness that is collected from individuals in biomedical research has the special likelihood to be harmful detrimental and thwarting. For example, genetic information can infringe on the rights of the individual to enjoy confidentiality if it not sufficiently protected. The reality that genetic information has knowledge concerning identity offers researchers special difficulty (Gallagher, 2010). Different kinds of genetic research might appear harmless. However, while gathering genetic information such as breast cancer, a researcher can inevitably gather other information connected to the participants.
Gallagher, A. (2010). Whistleblowing: what influences nurses’ decisions on whether to report poor practice. Nursing times, 106(4), 22-25.
Schenker, Y., Fernandez, A., Sudore, R., & Schillinger, D. (2011). Interventions to Improve Patient Comprehension in Informed Consent for Medical and Surgical Procedures A Systematic Review. Medical Decision Making, 31(1), 151-173.
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Long Term Benefits of Breastfeeding
In recent past, cases of mothers who do not breastfeed their babies have been in the rise. This increase, in most cases is related to lack of adequate information among the women (Jarvis, 2011). For instance, it is arguable that only a few women are fully aware of the long and short term benefits of breastfeeding. This essay therefore provides such scenarios and how I was able to advise the mother.
Based on existing facts, it is not proper for a mother not to breastfeed her baby because it has numerous benefits. For example, breast milk helps in development of the baby’s brain during infancy. It contributes towards the development of the brain since it has lactose and fatty acids. Apart from development of the baby’s brain, breast milk is essential as well since it has high nutritional value which helps the baby grow healthy. Additionally, it is also vital as it aids boost the immune system of the infant. (Dalzell & Rogerson, 2010). The baby’s immune system is boosted by breast milk as it contains vitamins C and A. Further, breast milk also helps boost the immunity of the baby since it contains Probiotics and omega 3 fatty acids.
In the later life of a child, breastfeeding also has numerous advantages. Some of these include reduction of obesity cases since it helps babies gain weight at a rare that is slow compared to those consuming formula foods (Koletzko & Hernell, 2000). Additionally, breastfeeding is beneficial since it helps the child have an IQ that is higher in future. Nutrients found in breast milk that boost the IQ include Taurine and essential fats such as DHA and ARA. Additionally, breastfeeding is also essential as it helps reduce possibilities of allergies in the later life of the child. Also, breastfeeding is important to the mother since it helps reduce chances of ovarian and breast cancer.
However, for purposes of encouraging the mother to breastfeed the child, I will share with her the information through interpersonal communication in a private and special session. On the other hand, mothers seeking more information on breastfeeding can access information from the following community centers. These resources are UCSF clinic, Day One Centers, Natural Resources, horizon breastfeeding center and Women’s health resource center based in Peninsula (Jarvis, 2011).
Dalzell, J., & Rogerson, E. (2010). Breastfeeding: Contemporary Issues in Practice and Policy.
London: Radcliffe Publishing.
Jarvis, C. (2011). Physical Examination & Health Assessment. Saunders: St. Louis, MO.
Koletzko, B., & Hernell, O. (2000). Short and Long Term Effects of Breast Feeding on Child
Health. London: Springer.
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Strengths and Weakness of Qualitative & Quantitative Research Designs
Qualitative and Quantitative Research Designs
In clinical practice, both quantitative and qualitative research are used, with the qualitative methods used to provide detailed and complete descriptions of an occurrence while quantitative techniques are used to present statistical models explaining the phenomenon (In LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2014).
Strengths of Qualitative and Quantitative Research Designs
During the early study stages, qualitative research is helpful since the researcher is not certain about the topic of study or central idea. It makes it possible for the researcher to explore clinical research topics in great depths and in a manner that is detailed through visual examples and descriptions. It does not need a strict procedure to start as such, it gives the researcher a sense of freedom by allowing the research to naturally unfold (In LoBiondo-Wood & In Haber, 2014).
Quantitative research on the other hand permits researchers to carry out analysis and measurements of data in numerical statistical forms. It allows researchers to carry in-depth study of relationship(s) between variables study’s (Curtis & Drennan, 2013). The researcher retains objectivity regarding the study outcomes when this use this kind of design.
Weaknesses of Qualitative and Quantitative Research Designs
The focus of qualitative methods is often on the process of the study inclining the researchers to provide a perspective that is subjective of the participants and research (In LoBiondo-Wood & In Haber, 2014). The researcher can be inclined to interpret data on their biased perspectives which alters data collected. Qualitative methods also consumer a lot of time and they require several months or years to complete.
The findings of quantitative methods might be applicable in the actual world circumstance since most of the research is done in laboratory settings, which are far from natural settings (Curtis & Drennan 2013). This technique needs a large population sample to stud which also weakens the results accuracy.
Curtis, E. A., & Drennan, J. (2013). Quantitative health research: Issues and methods. Maidenhead, Berkshire, England: Open University Press.
In LoBiondo-Wood, G., & In Haber, J. (2014). Nursing research: Methods and critical appraisal for evidence-based practice.
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