Assignment Writing Help on US Families and Culture

US Families and Culture

  1. The American myth of the middle class family

President Obama introduced some pivot backs to the economy and jobs creation. After the twentieth pivot, back there were different reactions, some of which led to the development of the idea that to achieve meaningful economic recovery, the whole process had to start with the middle class. Many groups including the economists and the politicians have revived the culture but they have failed to directly address the reality that the middle class have attained a mythical status of free and universal healthcare. Economically it would appear that middle class would be defined by being employed but at the same time having many debts. The current economic facts about the US are harsh. There has been persistent stagnation of income for a generation, with intermediate American families having outstanding mortgage debts and students’ loans than they owed before the recession. These realities clearly define the demise if the traditional families in the middle class and they demonstrate the unlikelihood of recovery (Heiskanen 92).

Factors that have promoted the middle class myth in the United States

According to the progressives, around half way the previous century, there was a strong and growing middle class in the US. The economy was also strong and growing, but an explanation of the link between the middle class and economic growth was not offered. The failure to offer an explanation of these phenomena was a factor that contributed to the growth of this myth. The growth of the myth can also be attributed to underplaying of the middle class’s centrality by the modern progressives as they attempt to formulate a model for economic growth, which disputes trickle-down. Today, politicians have a belief that the middle class can be created by gains from economic growth. This is not true and in fact economic growth can be generated from the middle class (Heiskanen 93). This politicians’ belief is another factor that has promoted the middle class’ myth. Through education, the myth has continued to be promoted from the last century to the present days. Emphasis on education has led to accumulation of debts, which has continually promoted the middle class myth.

  • Gender issues associated with work and family responsibilities in the US

The US community has been facing many gender issues when it comes to family responsibilities and work. Sex discrimination is one of the issues that are experienced in the US. For instance, when individuals holding PHDs apply for positions in the universities men have more chances of being offered appointments and tenure, and professors positions compared to women with similar qualifications. A study saw that men are more likely to receive job offers for high paying waiter positions compared to women with similar qualifications as the men (Cartwright 34). Another issue of concern is economics and work life. The US falls behind other countries; mostly western countries, when it comes to the percentage of women that are in the workforce. This can be attributed to lack of business, societal and governmental support for workers. Political participation for women in the US is another issue of concern. A study that was conducted in the year 2013 showed that women in the US held 23% of elective offices. This is a decrease from the 27% positions in 2001. These observations may be as a result of the women’s roles; particularly family roles that keep them away from politics and the workforce.

Changes in work and family responsibilities during the last several decades

There have been multiple changes in the US in an attempt to create gender equality between men and women. For instance, there has been enactment of some legislation at the national level to address the issues of sex inequalities in workplaces. The legislations try to deal with the wage gap in the United States, workers’ occupational rights, and gender discrimination in firms. Another change in the last few decades is the development f equal pay act in 1963. This act was developed in an attempt to abolish the payment and wage discrimination among men and women. In 1993, there was yet another change in the US concerning family and medical leave. An act was developed requiring all employers to render job protected leave for family and medical purposes. Some medical purposes include care for ill family members, pregnancy, adoption, childbirth etc (Cartwright 42).

  • Cultural diversity and forms of families in the US

The current American society is diverse that it has ever been. A census that was conducted in 1990 indicated that there was an increase in the US’s minority populations and there was likelihood for the trend to continue. Today, about 27% of students enrolled in public schools are constituted of students of color. The percentage is a good indicator of the changing ethnic and racial constitution of the country. The illegal and legal immigrants mostly account for the change. On the other hand, families in the US are common in different forms, making the nuclear family less prevalent. The development of these different forms of families has emerged as a result of certain influential changes. These changes include introduction of single parenthood, divorce, same-sex marriages, teenage pregnancy, adoption etc.

Diversity in the US has a unique feature in that there is substantial increase in the number of students living in poverty. Not less than 300,000 school-age nestlings are homeless at a given time in USA, and over 20% of school-age nestlings, half of them being white experience economic poverty in the US. The roles of the family members have been changing over time as a result of cultural diversity, where women are working outside their homes and fathers assuming some of the chores in the families. In total, there are about 24 cultures represented in the US and families differ amongst these cultures (Scott, Treas & Richards 108). In the US about half of the families with children under the age of eighteen years are nuclear families. About 27% of families with children with eighteen years and below make up single-parent families, and about 670,000 families with nestlings under the age of eighteen years have a family member with over 65 years living amongst them. About 120,000 children are adopted every year in the US, and about 1.4 children with eighteen years and below live with grandparents.

  • Types of troubles facing family relationships in contemporary society

A major trouble that faces families is domestic violence. Domestic violence differs from one culture to the other according to the social and legal understanding of its concepts across cultures. Domestic violence may be defined as acts of psychological, physical, economical, or sexual violence within a family (Carlsen & Willis 78). Domestic violence can constitute family violence, which may include elder and child abuse, plus other acts of violence between or among the family members. Another trouble that families face is poverty. Families go through poverty when they cannot attain a minimum or an average standard of living so as to fully participate in a mainstream society. An aspect of poverty is material hardship. For instance, lack of food, shelter, and clothing can be perceived as material poverty. In the US material poverty can be attributed to lack of access to indoor plumbing, running water, telephone services, electricity etc. other than material holdings families require social and human capital so as to attain a minimum standard of living. These include employment, education, and life skills.

The nature of the troubles and their points of view

The nature of domestic violence could be psychological, physical, sexual, or social. Its nature can further be categorized as moderate, mild or severe. This is in accordance with the level of violence committed to a family member. According to the public’s point of view, domestic violence is unjustified and culture condemns the act. On the legal point of view, domestic violence is a crime that attracts a legal action on the person who commits the action. Research show that domestic violence affects both men and women but is more prevalent in women. Poverty can occur in different natures in families. It can occur as absolute poverty, which involves lack of basic necessities (Carlsen & Willis 86). It can also occur as relative poverty where the family has insufficient income to meet the standards of living in the society. Poverty can also occur as situational poverty where it occurs as a result of a sudden crisis. According to the poor people, poverty can be attributed to lack of social justice, poor economy, fate; laziness etc. economists attribute poverty to unemployment, dependency ratio, and market behavior.

Works cited

Carlsen, Roger, and Dee Anna Willis. Society For Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference Annual. Chesapeake, Va: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2007. Print.

Cartwright, Susan. The Blackwell Encyclopedia Of Management. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Pub., 2005. Print.

Heiskanen, Veronica Stolte. The Myth Of The Middle Class Family In American Family Sociology. Helsinki: N.p., 2003. Print.

Scott, Jacqueline, Judith Treas, and Martin Richards. Blackwell Companion To The Sociology Of Families. Blackwell Companions To Sociology. Wiley, 2004. Print.