The Endurance: Shackleton’s Legendary Antarctic Expedition”
- How did Shackelton originally respond to getting stuck?
He was disappointed and seemed grieved. He noted that it appears they were not going to cross the Antarctic. He later cheered up and realized there is nothing he could do but to secure his men.
- How did Shackelton’s previous experience prepare him for the grand polar journey?
Having early tried and failed while close, he was determined to go beyond and achieve the goal. He selected and recruited a capable and committed team of 27 men that shared same goals.
- Why is morale important in leadership?
Morale is important in leadership because it motivates a person to achieve the goal and boosts an individual’s belief in case of opposition or hardship. Morale also unites individuals to a common goal because low morale affects an individual’s motivation, and is likely to make one surrender. Morale is a symbol for strength and leaders need to encourage members to remain committed to goals.
- What sources of authority did Shackelton employ?
Shackelton employed personal and expert authority. He was able to lead the men by being resilient and serving them. He had acknowledge in exploration that why he led them (Shackleton, 1998).
- What is the advantage to continue to strive for rather than wait for success?
It keeps a person focused on the goal other than losing direction. An individual is able to face new challenges and know ways to handle the situation. Unrelenting makes a person to succeed, and continued attempts after failure make one not to give up.
- Why did Shackelton refuse to stockpile meat?
Schackelton refused stockpiling meat because to him it was a symbol of defeat and likely to make the men pessimist. Thus, to make them active and engaged, they had to involve in activities, such as hunting. This encouraged them and avoided idleness in the camp.
- Why did Shackelton choose those particular crewmembers for the journeyto South Georgia?
He wanted committed people willing to sacrifice and put effort to get things done and achieve the goal. He also wanted people who could endure pressure of the moment and during difficult times while sailing, and people who believed and shared the same goal.
- What was to original plan? How did it change? What motivated the change(s)?
The original plan was to sail the ship through the Weddell Sea, and use dogs and sledges to support the crew of six men to match on the other side of Antarctica. It changed when the ship trapped in the pack ice and crushed before they could reach Antarctic coast. Series of events, such as blocks of ice, poor weather, and lack of supplies made him to leave the initial plan.
- What went right? What went wrong?
They managed to reach Weddell Sea and rescued his other 22 men left behind in Elephant Island. He managed to bring safely his 27 men. They were unable to traverse the Antarctic as they hoped after the ship crushed.
- How did Wilde lead while on Elephant Island?
He played a major role in the morale boost and survival of the 22 men left stranded on Elephant Island for 138 days in extreme conditions. He kept the men together and ensured that daily routine activities were observed, and things ran as expected. Moreover, there was no quarrel or indiscipline in the camp (Shackleton, 1998).
- Discuss the organizational climate and culture of the expedition.
The expedition consisted of 28 men who served in different positions, such as running and navigating the ship, cooking the meals, and keeping track of supplies with scientists, surgeons, a carpenter, and photographer. The environment was adverse due to poor weather, while its culture and climate was positive. All people were valued, felt appreciated, equal and there was teamwork guided by a common goal with a great leader.
Shackleton, E. (1998). South: A Memoir of the Endurance Voyage. New York: Carroll& Graf Publishers, Inc. 73.