Assignment Writing Help on Qualitative Research

Qualitative Research

#1        According to the article ‘Assuring the integrity of the family: being the father of a very low birth weight infant’, the value of qualitative research to evidence based practice cannot be undermined. The qualitative research design that was employed in carrying out this study was the grounded theory approach. The benefits of using the grounded theory approach for research is that it is sufficient for studying topics of social nature (Jones & Alony, 2011, p. 97). In addition, it is practical and logical. The researcher begins by highlighting the area that he or she intends to study, but as the research gains momentum, the researcher begins a gradual sensitization with existing literature (Suddaby, 2006, p.634). In this type of research, literature does not inform the research, it is more of a reality check for comparative purposes. The grounded theory provides a guiding structure for the researcher and it assists the researcher to build a theory (Glaser & Strauss, 1967). This research reveals the importance of establishing a support program to these fathers in the prenatal clinics up to the time of the postpartum follow up. During the prenatal clinic sessions, the possible outcomes of pre-mature births should be well explained to the fathers to prepare them psychologically. The value of this research study to clinical practice is that the findings of the study can be used to assist nurses to comprehend paternal perceptions and behaviors related to having a very low birth weight infant. Nurses to help the fathers to adjust to their roles can then use this knowledge. Some of the things that nurses can do include for example, encouraging the fathers to touch and hold their babies, since according to the article, during long hospitalization, most fathers chose not to touch or hold their baby until the baby was ready to go home, since they were afraid of passing germs to the baby. The nurses also contributed to this behavior since they did not give the fathers enough encouragement to touch their babies. The nurses did not tell the fathers when to hold the baby. From this study, it is evident that nurses need to learn how to communicate and relate with fathers of very low birth weight infants.

#2        Qualitative researches have various characteristics, some that can generate ethical concerns. First, the fact that qualitative research is conducted in a natural setting may result in a situation whereby the researcher may not think it is necessary to ask for consent from the participants (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2014). For example, as the researcher is carrying out research, he/she may meet other people who are not necessarily his or her main participants and may ask them for information without their formal consent. Second, qualitative research is carried out continually. In this case, it is difficult for the researcher to plan for questioning and observation over the time of study. This makes it difficult to inform the participant of all potential threats before the participant agrees to participate in the research since the researcher is not even aware of the threats that he/she may have to encounter during the study. Third, a bond established between the researcher and the participant and this will in turn distort the focus of the interaction. For example, the researcher may become very friendly with the participant due to constant interactions between them, and may will affect the research findings negatively. Last, being that the researcher is the one who collects and interprets data, he or she may become biased in the interpretation of data to suit his/her personal preference. For example, the researcher may tamper with the data received in order to arrive to a conclusion that he or she is comfortable. In conclusion, it is evident to see that some characteristics of qualitative research may raise ethical concerns. The researcher should maintain professionalism when carrying out his/her research.

                                                                 References

Alony, I., Whymark, G., & Jones, M. (2011). Guiding the Use of Grounded Theory in Doctoral Studies- An example from the Australian Film Industry. International Journal of Doctoral Studies, 6. Retrieved from http://ijds.org/Volume6/IJDSv6p095-114Jones322.pdf

Bartlett, R., Hsu, C., Huang, T., Lee, T., & Lin, H. (2009). Perspectives of Patients and Family Carers- Assuring the Integrity of the Family: Being the Father of a Very Low Birth Weight Infant. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18, 512-519.

Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. New York: Aldine.

LoBiondo-Wood, G. & Haber, J. (2014).  Nursing research: Methods and critical appraisal for evidenced- based practice (8th ed.), St. Louis: Mosby.

Suddaby, R. (2006). From the editors: What grounded theory is not. Academy of Management Journal, 49(4), 633-642.