Assignment Writing Help on Bahrain’s Human Rights Violation

Bahrain’s Human Rights Violation


Bahrain Authorities have failed to address serious violations of human rights in the most appropriate manners as deemed by the standard laid down by United Nations (International Business, 2012). There are many accusations leveled against the government on the issues concerning human rights, which the country has failed to address adequately. The authorities in the country have failed to address the recommendations that were brought out by the commission (BICI – Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry) that was formed to address these concerns. On the other hand, the government has been suppressing pro-democracy protests through inconsequential detention of person involved in them. There are politically motivated imprisonment, excessive use of force, detainee’s torture, denial of vital freedoms of assembly and association (Bassiouni, 2012). Since 2011 when the protectors confidently took to the streets making necessary demands on economical and political reforms, the government of King Hamad responded with measures that violated major human rights.

The Level of Bahrain’s Human Rights Violation

According to the report released by United Nations in 2014, the number people estimated to have been detained on claims of expressing their opinion and thought wrongly is 4,000 (Salisbury, 2012). United Nations report revealed that thirteen people who included; politicians, human right activist, members of intelligentsia and innocent civilians were imprisoned on claims that lacked basis on human law. There were six life sentences, one person, Mohammad Habib al-Maqdad, serving a sentence of sixty years, four serving imprisonment of fifty years and two people serving imprisonment of five years. According to Stork (2014), the UNHRC (United Nations Human Rights Committee), which has the right reviews state conformity with the ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights), made a conclusion in relation to article 19, about freedom of expression, that:

The mere fact that forms of expression are considered to be insulting to a public figure is not sufficient to justify the imposition of penalties, albeit public figures may also benefit from the provisions of the Covenant. Moreover, all public figures, including those exercising the highest political authority such as heads of state and government, are legitimately subject to criticism and political opposition pg.1

There are several human rights that the government of Bahrain has failed to respect and honor and therefore imposing a lot of pain to its innocent citizens. According to the report released by BIRD (Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy) there were several human rights that were negated by the government authorities. This includes rights and freedoms that are assured under the ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights): the prohibition of torture under article 7; freedom of religion under article 18; freedom of association under article 22; right to fair trial under article 14; freedom of expression under article19; right to liberty under article 9; freedom of assembly under article 21 and the rights of prisoners under article 10. The report revealed that every respect, the circumstances in Bahrain had deteriorated to worrying levels (Salisbury, 2012).

However, there are efforts by the Bahraini authorities to check the human violation (Sprusansky, 2012). This included the formation of independent body to make thorough assessment of government’s violations. Creation of SIU (Special Investigation Unit) and also a commission created to oversee the Rights of Detainees and Prisoners. BICI established some ground on ending violence against humanity by exposing BDF (Bahrain Defend Force), National Security Agency and Ministry of Interior as the main bodies violating the human rights through innocent killing and detentions (McGeehan, 2014). However, little was done to sustain the intensions of the commission to end the malicious impunity in the country.

The situation of human rights violation in Bahraini has trigger global concern, with countries like Norway, United States of America, France, Ireland and United Kingdom demanding proper responsibility from the Bahraini government (Bassiouni, 2012). International bodies like the European Union and United Nations have demanded proper measures to be put in place by the government in order to end human suffering due to violations of human rights. One of the cases of human rights violation that has prompted the attention of great nations is the arrest of prominent human activist Abdlhadi al-Khawaja on the claims of destabilizing the government when he called political reforms in the country (McGeehan, 2014). Abdulhadi al-Khawaja is one of the prominent dissidents who were unfairly convicted and imprisoned for life since 2011. There are many human activists who faced unfair justice from the legal authorities and were imprisoned on such basis. Human activist like Nabeel Rajab and Zainab al-Khawaja are in jail serving their sentence on charges that they offended the national institution and insulted the mighty King of Bahrain (McGeehan, 2014). Such charges are baseless and are only manipulated to ensure that their voices are silenced by imprisonment.


Despite the activists’ efforts to send their voices to the authorities in peaceful demonstrations, the government has continually used the police force to intimidate the protestors. This has seen many protestors spend many years in prison in the most unjustified situations. Effort by international bodies and powerful countries seems to bear very little effect as human suffering continues to dominate the country. However, the efforts by external forces have compelled the government top form necessary bodies that could help bring healing to the country.


Bassiouni, M.C., (2012, November 22). Bahrain: Promises Unkept, Rights Still Violated. Human Rights Watch.  Retrieved from:

International Business, T. (2012, September 14). Human Rights Activist Maryam Al-Khawaja: ‘Diplomacy is Over’ with Bahrain [VIDEO INTERVIEW]. International Business Times.

McGeehan, N., (2014, April 25). Dispatches: Bahrain Shooting the Messenger on Torture. Human Rights Watch.  Retrieved from:

Salisbury, P. (2012). Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry. MEED: Middle East Economic Digest56(2), 26-29.

Sprusansky, D. (2012). Discontent, Unrest Continue in Bahrain. Washington Report On Middle East Affairs31(5), 49.

Stork, J., (2014, October 26). Bahrain: Free Activists Facing Free-Speech Charges. Human Rights Watch. Retrieved from: