Free Essay: Argumentative Essay on Immigration
In the current world, widespread immigration is a common practice as the world’s perception of individuals expands. The movement has been beneficial to both immigrants’ importation and exportation nations. Through immigration, expertise and knowledge crosses borders as people share and integrate cultural practices. The publicity of immigration depicts it as the cause of global prosperity. Additionally, immigration is important for a country’s economic growth although it can encourage ethnic tensions and conflicts. There are some issues that surpass the controversies that have been raised about immigration. For example, there are natives who argue that all jobs have been taken by the immigrants and this has increased unemployment. On the other hand, some immigrants do not adapt the cultural practices of the natives. These vagrants eventually become homeless. This leads to the rise of informal settlements which breeds and harbor criminals and violence in all its forms.
Through immigration, knowledge has moved and this has made solving the issue of talents’ shortage possible while enhancing economic development. Many states of the U.S have inadequate educated workers. As such, they should attract foreign professionals to boost innovation and competitiveness. The world has a competitive pattern where third world nations hire experts of the developing nations to help in the development of infrastructures (Papademetrious et al. 3). When people move to another nation, they interact with the individuals that they meet and also exchange cultural values. This enhances cultural interaction among countries.
A country is opened to the worldwide market by immigration. This provides opportunities for enlarging the development’s capacity for countries. The newly created opportunities accommodate immigrants and this benefits the country economically. Immigration is used in attracting skilled workers in the United States. These assist companies in competing effectively in a global market (Brunner and Colarelli 398). In the U.S, immigration bond the labor market with that of the other countries. This is because other markets supply labor in the U.S filling particular jobs. The country that export immigrants also benefits economically because the individuals send some money earned abroad to relatives.
Immigration provides a chance to the experts and students who search opportunities abroad. Several students travel abroad for further studies. Others get lucrative careers with the international organizations. Individuals who successfully join higher institutions in the foreign countries open doors and they are followed by others. Majority of the developing countries do not have educational institutions to offer some courses. Establishing such learning institutions requires resources that these countries find challenging to get. As such, immigration provides an opportunity to students who pursue new fields of study that they cannot find in their home country. On completing their studies, majority of the graduates go to foreign nations because they have an exceedingly low probability of securing high-paying jobs in their nations.
Some perceptions do not support immigration all the time. A popular perception towards immigration is that the immigrants take jobs from the natives and this creates ethnic tension, poverty and conflicts. Although for many years America recorded the highest growth rate in history, many people remain poor and they earn almost a dollar in a day. Competition has increased in the job market and the local industries consider immigrants more than locals because they want to minimize the cost of production and increase profits.
Arguing that immigrants take the natives’ jobs is unjustifiable. Usually, immigrants take the jobs that are declined by the natives. Actually, immigrants are under-represented in the white-collar jobs’ sector (Borjas 79). Natives are likely to gain from the immigrants when they bring in new abilities and skills which could be rare in the country. Consequently, the natives can benefit from the services offered by the government if the productivity of the immigrants exceeds natives’ productivity. Immigrants can help the natives in improving productivity when they take jobs that hinder the natives from executing duties to their best levels. This implies that natives are able to capitalize on more productive activities while leaving tasks that they are less productive in to the less-skilled immigrants.
Through immigration, knowledge is shared among countries though to some, this is brain drain. Usually, brain drain can occur as a way of saving the best skills more so when a nation is facing a war. For instance, scientists and surgeons in 2003 left Iraq for the U.S (Hayes 144). The skilled experts leave the underdeveloped countries for the developed countries where they seek better-paying jobs. Third world nations suffer the most because they are unable to provide attractive remunerations. Even with the efforts of the governments of these countries to get scholarships, students prefer staying abroad on completing their studies because they are afraid that their own countries might be unable to absorb them.
Uncontrolled immigration continues to grow and immigrants have always been blamed for increasing criminal activities such as violence and theft in most cities. Criminals leave their countries and they continue their criminal activities in the countries that give them asylum. Murders, drug trafficking and kidnapping are common activities among immigrants in the informal settlements that are near the major cities. The existence of the undocumented immigrants makes implementation of the policies for controlling crime complicated. The country that receives immigrants has the responsibility of caring for them yet they evade taxation. This country is forced to expand jails as well as to accommodate the illegal immigrants as they await deportation. Population increases in one country due to uncontrolled immigration. This causes unequal resources’ distribution. If immigration is not restricted, resources are exhausted and their benefits that would be realized from the immigrants are lost. Native communities depending on the resources suffer at the immigrants’ expenses.
Immigration does not alter the skills that are required to perform particular tasks in the regions of the natives. Additionally, immigrants do not allocate jobs to themselves but they are preferred by the local industries so that they can minimize the operation costs. There are immense benefits for the local industries that establish plants where immigrants settle. States like Chicago and California have showed massive growth in employment due to their investments in the immigrant-intensive industries. Governments of the countries that receive immigrants should hasten the process of documenting and registering immigrants as a way of minimizing illegal immigration cases and reducing jails’ congestion.
Immigration can change the economy of a country despite being blamed for increased tension and violence among the people. Immigrants possess the capacity for transforming the host country’s economy. The U.S has utilized immigration in achieving the 21st century’s economic aspirations. Nevertheless, some natives complain that they are denied job opportunities and services from the government by the immigrants. Their belief is that crime rates continue to rise because of the illegal immigrants’ influx. To maximize the achieved benefits and to mitigate the strain, the government of the U.S should establish policies for checking the documentation of the immigrants. Interaction between the natives and the immigrants should be encouraged to eliminate racial discrimination and conflicts. If a review of the existing laws is not done, immigrants will increase to a level that will be unmanageable.
Borjas, George J. Heaven’s Door: Immigration Policy and the American Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 79, 2011.
Brunner, Lawrence, and Stephen M. Colarelli. “Immigration In The Twenty-First Century A Personnel Selection Approach.”Independent Review 14.3 (2010): 389-413. Academic Search Premier. Web. 4 Oct. 2013.
Hayes, Patrick J. The Making of Modern Immigration: An Encyclopedia of People and Ideas. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO, 144, 2012.
Papademetriou, Demetrios G, Meissner Doris, Rosenblum Marc R. and Madeleine Sumption. “Harnessing the Advantages of Immigration for a 21st Century economy: A Standing Commission on labor Markets, Economic Competitiveness, and Immigration.” Migration Policy Institute, 2009. Web. 4 Oct. 2013.