A Critique of the Research: Living with Chronic Illness

A Critique of the Research: Living with Chronic Illness

Statement of the Phenomenon of Interest

The primary aspect of this study is the relationship between chronic diseases and the healthcare provided for these conditions. The research also tackles the concept of how this factor affects women who suffer from chronic illnesses. First-hand information is crucial for the above research. Moreover, the researchers were looking for conclusive evidence, that is,through the process of inquiry.Qualitative research methods are used to get first-hand information and  use the method of investigation to obtain the information. The case under study seeks to find the relationship between two variables. For provision of health care, the patient must first suffer from the chronic disease. The statistics come from patients.

Purpose

            The main purpose was to understand the relationship between women who suffer from chronic diseases and the health care providers. The researchers sought to understand how women who suffered from the illnesses viewed their healthcare providers and how they thought the actions of the healthcare provider affected their health (Chesla & Fox, 2006). The findings of this research will be helpful for the nursing fraternity. The nurses will be able to know if what they have provided so far as healthcare for the women has been positive or negative. They will also know what the patients expect them to continue, start, or stop doing. The nursing fraternity will benefit, as they will also know what aspect of their health care is beneficial to the patients. Some services offered to the patients may not help them at all. The research will provide data about what is essential and what is a waste of time for the nurses. The projected primary aim of the study is to know the relationship between the HCP and patients. The criteria forfinding and collecting the data coincide with the purpose of the study as a whole.

Method of Data Collection

            The method used in the study to collect data was principal interviews. The interviews were over a wide range of women. It is compatible with the purpose and the expected findings of addressing the phenomenon. The method makes it possible for the researcher to explore the topic under study and come up with the results. The researchers used the response from the meeting to deduce the necessary conclusion and findings. The method was the most appropriate way for the above research. The data required needed to be readily available in the minds of the respondents. The researchers made sure that they reached everyone and chose the best group after checking if they met the requirements. In order not to inconvenience the respondents, the researchers went ahead to visit them at the most appropriate places according to the women. The women received payment for their response. The method made it possible for the research to find conclusive findings direct from the respondent mouth. The researchers could also study the reactions of the respondents when they posed a particular question to them. Interviewing is the first step in addressing the problem under research. As much as the questions follow a given plan and format, the researchers are supposed to use other methods to obtain information. Once a researcher is in the field, they should be flexible. Even though, the methods for data collection are availableexplicitly, some parts of the area may require adjustments for effectiveness purposes.

Sampling

            The above research required a purposeful sampling technique. The researchers chose 25 different women. The women were selected based on their health status. They made sure that none of the women had any mental illnesses. The fact that all the women were mentally okay means that the information found from the research could is conclusive. It is also self-explanatory why the researchers decided to use women who had suffered from chronic diseases. The best information is from the person who has the information at their fingertips. The sampling used different ranges of ages for the women. The women would provide different kinds of data that will be easy to combine. They also used data from women from 35-55 years. The researcher was interested in data that related to an extended period. The age of late 30s is when chronic illness is considered to be advanced and always require enough healthcare.The women in the sampling did not just from one disease they suffered from several diseases. The women could provide adequate data since they are most likely able to visit the healthcare facilities every once in a while, and their response will be most likely be an accurate reflection.

Data Collection

            The data collection is on past human experience. The main purpose of the research, as stated earlier, is to find the relationship between those women who suffer from chronic illnesses and the healthcare providers. The primary source for the data is the direct response from the patients who have been affected by the topic under study. Interviews were also mostly used. Theyinvolved 25 women grouped into five, and they took approximately 1.5 hours. All human participants have their identities protected. There is no mention of names, and the selection was at random. The researchers gave the figures as they were. The first step in data collection was the group interviews, then followed by the individual interviews. The last step in the collection of the information involved taking notes. These research techniques are essential and vital in the collection of data to reflect the personal views of individual respondents, and facilitate broad-based research findings and analysis (Mathers, Fox, & Hunn, 2002)The data was established by comparing two aspects of data collection. The response from the interviews and the field notes taken during the research were recorded after each interview.

Data Analysis

            After collection of the data, the researcher went ahead to conduct an analysis of the data. They used different deductive methods to come up with conclusive answers. They compared different responses from the various participants, both in the group interviews and in the individual interviews. They looked for citing by the participants of the smooth running of the process and any obstacles met in the relationship between the patients and the healthcare providers (Chesla & Fox, 2006). The researcher remained true to the data. The researcher cites some of the experiences of the patients both in groups and as individuals. The researcher also mentions the relationship between the different women’s experiences and how similar they had similar experiences. Each independent respondent has their experience and hence their data should be separate. Some of the patients had the view that the nurses and the HCPs did not develop a personal relationship while other patients thought that the HCPs should care more about their experiences. The patients are of the idea that improvements in the HCP and patient relationship is crucial for them to feel better.

            Every study must produce conclusive answers. For research to be credible, the results must be in line with the expected result. The participants were asked questions through interviews and then the researchers came up with the desired data. The data was attuned to the interviews. The researchers used the open-ended question and gave the interviewees some time to answers the questions. The credibility of the research improves if the researchers consider each and very patient as an independent entity of the research. As much as the group interviews were in order, the individual responses of all the 25 women ought to have been considered.The research must also be able to relate the findings to the methods of analysis and data collection. In the above study, the researcher has failed to address the credibility issues of the research and the data analysis. The researcher had all the avenues to obtain the necessary data. The researcher collected the data by using interviews. Instead of treating each experience on its own, the researcher put together the skills.Some of the views made by other respondents were not considered on the basis that; they did not look like the answers of the other participants(Chesla & Fox, 2006)..The credibility of the research is enhanced by enough time for the members to answer the necessary questions. The above analysis does not give the participants enough time to answer the required questions. The credibility improves with the fact the study received approval. Nurses will find the information in the research to be critical. Whatever the aspect the findings may take, the data will be useful for the practice and daily healthcare in nursing. The credibility of the research gets support through the analysis of the variables found out after the research. The only disadvantage of the research topic is that it is applicable only in the medical sector. The above findings and analyzes are useless in other fields like the engineering field. However, the process followed in the research is useful anywhere.

Findings

            The outcome of the research was well within the framework of the study. In fact, the results address the problem in a deeper sense. The researcher finds out the there is a relationship between how the patient view healthcare providers. There exists a connection between the experiences of the patients. The findings justify the use of qualitative methods. They also explain the use of group data that the researchers were keen to use. A reasonable conclusion uses the collected data, to be able to come up with a conclusive judgment. The finding must relate to the methods. In the research, the results come from the deduction of the answers of the participants. As much as the results go in line with the topic, the reader may find it hard to understand them. Most of the results in this issueare in related studies.The research can be considered to be an improvement of the earlier scholarly works since it adds more information new revelations.Research before this has indicated similar opinions like the one above. The improvement here is also a vivid one. The study expounds more on the relationship between the HCPs and the patients. Credible findings relate to the method of data collection. The method of data collection gave insight into the whole aspect of the relationship between HCPs and the patients. The findings can be said to be compatible with the method of data collection, which enhances the credibility of the results of the research further.

Discussion and Conclusion

            The research tackles the concept of how this factor affects women who suffer from chronic illnesses. First-hand information is crucial for the above research. The conclusion made about the research can be used by the reader to follow up on the topic in future. It gives a clear indication of the relation that exists between women who have chronic illnesses and the whole field of healthcare providers. The researchers sought to understand how women who suffered from the illnesses viewed their healthcare providers and how they thought the actions of the healthcare provider affected their health. The conclusion goes in line with the study findings. They explain the results in the correct context and make it easy for the reader. One of the recommendations is that the NPs need to focus on healthcare that put the life experiences and illness of the patients first. The guidance reflects on the finding as most of the healthcare providers did not relate to the way the patients felt. Stories of the respondents reflected different experiences. Healthcare should beof these different experiences. Through the entire research, the researcher makes it clear that the topic is essential for the nursing practice. In the discussion, the researcher informs the nurses of the implication of the study and how exactly it will help their fraternity. “ If the NP engages them with a presence in connection, patients are most likely to disclose what matters to them.” The researcher has vividly made the nursing fraternity aware that the first step in taking care of patients is to understand them. In the discussion, the researcher states that the participants felt that the nurses HCP did not understand the needs of the patients. The patients need to be confident that the medical practitioners will take care of them. The patients also note that the HCP do not form a personal relationship with them. In order to understand someone better, an HCPmust, first of all, establish an intimate relationship with that particular patient. In the final part of the conclusion, the researcher mentions an integral part. “ Feeling more secure and trusting in the HCP enabled them to be themselves more completely in the relationship” (Chesla & Fox, 2006). The relationship between the HCP and the patient must be enhanced to make it easier for the patients to open up and feel free to receive medical care.

References

Chesla, C & Fox, S. (2006). Living with the Chronic Illness. A PhenomenologicalStudy of    Health Effects of the Patient- Provider Relationship. Journal of the American Academy     of NursingPractitioners

Mathers, N., Fox, N., & Hunn, A. (2002). Trent Focus for Research and Development in Primary Health Care: Using Interviews in a Research Project. Trent Focus Group, retrieved from: http://faculty.cbu.ca/amolloy/MBA603/MBA603_files/UsingInterviews.pdf