How to Write a Thesis for Research Paper Examples
Being a student, you should know how to write a thesis for research paper examples because a thesis will always be at the core of most academic papers that you will write throughout your academic life. A thesis is a statement that reflects the argument that you make in a research paper. It is a sentence that makes the claim of a research paper that can be disputed by others- writingcenter.unc.edu.
A thesis for a research paper is usually one or two sentences that appear in the first paragraph of a research paper and they present the argument of the paper. The other parts of the paper or the body presents evidence in an organized way in supporting the claim or persuading readers about the logic of the interpretation that is presented in the paper.
Guidelines on how to write a thesis for research paper examples
An effective thesis for research paper examples should be clear and specific in stating the purpose of a research paper. This is because it asserts, control and structure the argument of the entire paper. Since you are writing a thesis for researcher paper examples, you should come up with a sound thesis that can easily be understood by the reader. It should also be strong, interesting and providing direction to the reader.
Pick interesting topics for your research paper examples
This should always be the first step in writing theses for your research paper examples. This is because how you write every aspect of the sample paper will depend on the topic that you will be writing the paper on. However, there are cases when you may have somebody else decide the topic of your research paper.
Explore the topic
Exploring the topic of your research paper example will enable you to narrow down the subject that the topic requires you to address or argue about while writing the research paper example. For instance, there are many aspects that should be considered when writing a research paper example on computers. They include software, hardware and programming. However, these are vague topics and they cannot make strong theses for research paper examples. Nevertheless, a topic like the effect that Steve Jobs had on modern industry of computers is clearer and can therefore be used to formulate a thesis of a research paper example.
Know the kind of research paper examples that you are writing
This entails knowing the purpose of the paper and its intended audience. Usually, instructors assign research papers but you can choose the kind of papers to write when writing research paper examples. It is important to know the kind of a research paper example that you are writing because these will considerably impact on your thesis. For instance, when writing a thesis for a persuasive research paper example, your purpose is to present the argument followed by evidence for supporting the claim. For a descriptive research paper example, a thesis should provide a description of something to a given audience group.
Write down a thesis that describes the research project
A research paper is written after conducting a research. Therefore, a thesis for a research should describe the research project in a brief manner. It should tell readers why the paper or project is important and why readers should care.
List down opposing evidence if it exists
During your research, you may have come across opposing evidence. List it down and summarize it to include it in your thesis and then come up with a thesis that provides an overview of the research. Your thesis should be a concise summary of the information or argument that will be made in the research paper example- info-skills.lib.vt.edu.
Narrow down, clarify and refine your thesis
Anybody who knows how to write a thesis for research paper examples knows that a good thesis is narrow, clear and refined. It should include only what will be discussed in the paper. Therefore, narrow down your thesis to ensure that it tells readers only what will be covered in the paper. This enables readers to know whether the research paper example provides the information or data that they are looking for.
Revise your thesis accordingly
Always remember that you do not have to write an absolute thesis. Your thesis should be subjected to changes as you write your research paper example- owl.english.purdue.edu. If your opinion or direction changes as you write the paper, revise your thesis accordingly. Therefore, re-read thesis continuously and always compare it with the research paper example that you are writing to make appropriate changes when necessary. After completing your paper, re-visit your thesis to determine whether it needs revision.
These samples will help you know how to write a thesis for research paper examples
A good thesis is not easy to write because it requires you to explore your topic, think and analyze the available evidence to support it. However, with sample theses you can easily know how good theses for research paper examples should be written.
Here are examples of theses for different topics of research paper examples that should guide you in writing your thesis:
Example # 1
Topic: The One-Child Policy of China ought to be reversed
Thesis: The intention of the one-child policy of China was to help in controlling population growth. However, it has caused negative and unintended consequences that include a reduction in labor force, neglecting human rights, increase in aging population, and imbalance in gender population. Therefore, this policy ought to be reversed to improve the current situation in China.
Example # 2
Topic: Foreign Aid that goes to Africa is not effective
Thesis: Foreign aid that goes to African countries hurts them and it therefore ought to be discontinued since the practice has increased the vulnerability of most African countries to currency fluctuation, inflation, civil unrest and corruption.
Example # 3
Topic: Marijuana ought to be legalized
Thesis: There are several applications of marijuana that include treating glaucoma, cancer and epilepsy symptoms. Legalizing its use in the United States will have great benefits for the medical sector since it will allow physicians to access it with ease.
Determining whether your thesis for research paper example is strong
Anybody who reads your thesis will tell whether you know how to write a thesis for research paper examples depending on its strength and effectiveness. Basically, there are questions that you need to ask to determine if you have a strong thesis for your research paper example- Read more here.
- Does your thesis answer the question or writing prompt?
You should re-read your thesis and the question to determine if it answers the question prompt fully. If it does not, rewrite it.
- Is the thesis specific?
Usually, a vague thesis cannot make a strong argument. Avoid a thesis that includes words likes good or successful and instead include more specific words.
- Is your thesis disputable?
The position that a thesis takes should be challengeable or one that others can oppose. A statement that cannot be disagreed with is not a thesis. It is simply a summary of an argument or a statement of facts.
- Does your thesis pass the “so what” question?
A thesis that leads to the “so what?” question after reading it is not strong and effective. Therefore, make it clearer or connect it with a larger issue.
- Does your thesis pass the “how and why” question?
If after reading your thesis the first question that one asks is “how… or why…”, then it does not provide guidance to the reader and it could be open ended. Therefore, make it clearer or add something to make it clearer to the audience.
- Is your thesis supported by your research paper example?
Your thesis should be supported by the rest of the research paper example without wandering. If you have a thesis that does not work properly with the body, change it. Remember that a thesis should not be absolute and it should be revised accordingly so that it can work according to your topic and argument. Make sure that your thesis reflects the things that you identified as you start writing the research paper example.
Additional guidelines on how to write a thesis for research paper examples
- Your thesis should enable you to keep the argument of a research paper example focused. Therefore, do not use vague words in writing your thesis
- Avoid technical language unless when writing a technical research paper example
- Make sure that your thesis does more than announcing the topic of your research paper example or simply stating a fact.
- Avoid universal judgments that will oversimplify a complex issue.
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How to Write a Scientific Research Paper
This article is a guide to help you know how to write a scientific research paper that is impressive with ease. The aim of a research paper is to tell others about specific data you have gathered and what it means in the context of research.
The guidelines for writing scientific research papers are rigid and very different from those used in library research or English theme paper. Obviously the paper must adhere to proper use of English language. Additionally, it has to be written in a concise and clear manner in order to ensure readers understand what you have carried out and how you have carried it out.
It is important as you write a scientific research paper, to understand the general format used. This can be highlighted as follows:
- Cited works
Tips on how to write a scientific research paper
Section headings (introduction, abstract etc.) must be centered. The body of every section needs to follow immediately below the heading. Each section should not be started on a new page. If there is a section that ends way down a page, it should immediately be followed by the next heading section on that same page.
A general, important rule you need to bear in mind is that the paper should report something done in the past. Therefore, you must writ the paper in past tense (were, was) while the present tense should only be used for stating conclusion or generalizations.
Often, the present tense is used in the Conclusion, Introduction and Discussion sessions. The paper is supposed to read as narrative where the author described results obtained from the work and what was done.
One good sample paper to help you know how to write a scientific research paper can be viewed at wikihow.com.
Every scientific research paper should have a title that is self-explanatory. The reader, through the title should be able to say what the paper is about without reading the content. For instance, the title “A Biological Laboratory Report” does not tell the reader anything while “Effects of Temperature and Light on Growth of Bacterium, Escherichia coli” reports what has been done by the researcher by highlighting 3 things:
- Environmental factors manipulated (temperature, light).
- Parameter measured (growth).
- Specific organism studied (bacterium, Escherichia coli).
In this section, you are supposed to present a brief digest of the research paper content. Ideally, it should be more than the average summary and must be self-explanatory without any references to the paper though it should not be a substitute.
Note that your abstract should be about 250 words and should be a presentation of the paper’s purpose, the general methods and materials, summarized results as well as major conclusions. You should not add any information that cannot be found in the body of your paper.
Detailed descriptions such as those of methods, organisms and materials should not be included in your abstract. Also, references, figures or tables and literature cited should not be added to this section. Usually, you should write the abstract last by extracting important points from every section of the paper and using the points to write a short description of the study.
As you write your scientific research paper, it is important to explore strategies of writing an introduction. The introduction should be a statement of the issue you have investigated. It is supposed to give your reads information so they can appreciate your objectives within a large theoretical framework.
In this section you are supposed to include some background information regarding the problem, for instance summary of research carried out in the past. Any background information you provide from other sources must be cited appropriately. Keep in mind that the introduction should be brief and not too broad.
Therefore, present ideas that are most relevant and move to the central point of your paper immediately.
Another sample to help you get more insight on how to write a scientific research paper can be found here.
Methods and Materials
In this section, you are supposed to explain where and how the experiment was carried out. Make sure you describe the experiment design, techniques used to gather data, the kind of control you had and apparatus used. As a general rule, remember this section should be clear and detailed such that it leaves the reader with in-depth knowledge of the scientific techniques used.
However, be careful not to write the section as you would directions for an exercise book. At the same time, never list equipment used in the course of the experiment. Materials used can only be mentioned in narrative as part of the experimental procedure.
If there are some methods that are well known and used without making any changes, name these methods (for instance standard spectrophotometry and standard microscopic methods). If you made any modifications to the methods, describe them.
In this section, you are supposed to summarize data for purposes of inspection by use of narrative text. Where possible, use figures and tables for the purpose of explaining the data you have. You are supposed to present the results only.
There should not be any conclusions or interpretation of data made in this section. If you present data in figures/tables, it should supplement text and this should be done in a form that is easy to understand.
Under no circumstances are you supposed to present data that is raw. Figures/tables must at all times, be accompanied by narrative text.
Interpret your data in terms of patterns you observed in the course of the experiment as well as relationship between experimental variables. You are supposed to include explanations of how your results differ from those that are hypothesized or the manner in which they are either similar or different to those related to experiments done by other researchers in the past.
Bear in mind it is not necessary for experiments to show major trends or differences. An ideal strategy in discussion of the experiment is relating specific results to the broader theoretical context that is presented in your introduction.
In this section, you are supposed to state what you think the data means and it should relate to the question/problem you stated in your introduction. Also, in this section, do not offer reasons for your conclusions since these should be presented in the section of discussions.
This is where you are supposed to give credit to those who helped with writing your scientific paper or with the research.
Anyone who knows how to write a scientific research paper knows that they must cite the works used. While doing this, you should use alphabetical order for purposes of listing the names of authors’ whose work you have used. Any published information in your paper should be included in this section.
Also, it should provide your readers with the information that is needed in the event they want to use the original literature as a reference. This section should include only references that were mentioned in your text. If there is information you read but failed to mention in your paper, do not include it in the section. It is because of this that it is referred to as ‘works cited’ and not ‘Bibliography’ or ‘references’.
Often, most references tend to be primary literature (journal articles) and to a lower degree, books. The Internet and popular literature should be used with caution and sparingly. Other sources like book chapters or pamphlets have their own citation format.
It is advisable to find the kind of citation format you are supposed to use according to the source material used. This is crucial as it is the only way to ensure you cite sources appropriately.
Here is another sample of a scientific research paper you can look at.
Additionally, reviewing samples written by experts makes it easy for you to understand the concept and format that needs to be followed to deliver a high quality paper.
The guidelines above are meant to help you understand how to write a scientific research paper without challenges.
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Despite all the research you might do at times it might be a challenge to write a good research paper. For this reason we came up with a solution of offering research paper writing services.
You may also want to continue reading more guidelines on writing different academic papers or other non-related material. To do so, continue looking in this blog where you will also find academic sample papers under different disciplines.
How to Write a Research Paper for Middle School
The basics of how to write a research paper for middle school
As a student interested in knowing how to write a research paper for middle school, there are a couple key things to bear in mind. To start off, a research paper is used to explore and identify social, technical and scientific issues.
If you are writing a research paper for the first time, the process might seem daunting but with proper focus of mind and organization, it becomes easier. The paper cannot write itself therefore, you need to prepare well and plan in order to ensure everything comes out right.
Essential tips on how to write a research paper for middle school
Pick a topic
The first step to writing an impressive research paper is picking a topic that is in line with the requirements of your paper. For instance, if it is an English class paper, picking a topic on economics will not do unless it is approved by your teacher.
Also, the topic you pick should be precise. This is important because if you happen to pick a huge topic, you will not be able to get far especially if the research paper is small. For instance, a paper on slavery effects on southern states is very broad for a paper that is 2 to 5 pages in length. You can instead narrow the topic down to a topic that is more manageable.
More importantly, pick a topic that you can easily manage. Stay away from those that are too specialized, learned or technical and above all, do not pick topics that narrow down the resource materials you can use.
If you really want to know how to write a research paper for middle school, you have to sharpen your research skills. Once you have identified a topic, embark on doing research work and use resources that are trustworthy. You can use books found online, print materials from libraries and other online resources.
While gathering resources, write full bibliographical information (title, publication date, URLs, modification dates, date you accessed the information, publication place and page numbers) on a work sheet to be retrieved later. Bear in mind that an article that does not have bibliographical information is of no use as you cannot cite the source.
The research paper on Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness is the perfect example of a well written paper. By reviewing the sample, you should be able to borrow an idea or two on how to write a research paper for middle school.
Write the thesis
The thesis is supposed to explain what the topic of your paper is and highlights the problem you are attempting to answer. Ideally, the thesis statement should be part of the last sentence of the introduction. It should be written in one or two sentences and it is more of a declaration of your stand. Your research paper therefore should contain arguments that defend and support your stand.
Come up with an outline
All the points you make in the paper should relate to your topic. An ideal outline will look something like this:
- Introduction-Brief comment that leads to subject matter-(a thesis statement on Shakespeare)
- Body-The early life of Shakespeare, works, marriage and his later years.
- Early Life-Stratford
- Shakespeare’s family
- His marriage
- Anne Hathway’s life
- Reference in his poems
- His works
- Romeo and Juliet
- Much Ado about Nothing
- The Tempest
- Henry VIII
- Richard III
- King John
- His later years
- Last 2 plays
- Retirement to Stratford
- Analytical summary
- His early life
- His works
- Later years
- Thesis reworded
The first thing you need to come up with while writing your middle school paper is an outline. This is attributed to the fact it makes it easy for you to organize your thoughts and the topic carefully before you begin the process of writing. As a matter of fact, an excellent outline is the most crucial step writing an impressive paper.
Check the outline to ensure the points you have covered flow in a logical manner from one to the next. Your outline should also include an introduction, body and conclusion. Having a good outline shows you know how to write a research paper for middle school.
Points to remember
- Introduction-This is your first paragraph and it is supposed to give the reader some background information. Hence, if the topic of your paper is slavery, the introduction should be about slavery in the US and the duration it lasted. Ensure you clearly state the purpose and thesis of the paper clearly in the introduction. Also, state the manner in which you will approach the topic. Is it a comparison, factual report, problem analysis or book review? Briefly, explain the main points you will discuss in the paper and the reason readers ought to be interested in the topic.
- Body-The body is supposed to contain your arguments that are in support of the thesis statement. Work with the rule of 3 which means finding three supporting arguments for every stance you take. Start with an argument that is strong, back it up with an even stronger one and end the point with your strongest argument.
- Conclusion-This is where you are supposed to reword or restate your thesis. Arguments should be summarized in this instance as well. Also, explain reasons that made you arrive at that given conclusion.
Organizing the information gathered in accordance to your outline is a good indicator that you know how to write a research paper for middle school. Next, analyze the research material critically and only use the best possible resources. You should also check the information for accuracy and to ensure it is factual, correct and up-to-date.
If there are opposing views that support the thesis statement, use them as well. Note this is one of the most crucial stages in writing your research paper. You are supposed to analyze, sort, synthesize and digest information gathered so as to learn something from it that can be used in your paper.
Information that is irrelevant to your paper’s topic should not be included. Also, exclude information that is difficult or hard to understand. If possible, ensure the gathered information is recorded carefully through your own words.
You cannot afford to deliver a plagiarized paper. Therefore, all ideas and quotes borrowed must be used accurately. The research paper on Iraq-Iran War is also another great sample that you can put to use to sharpen your writing capabilities.
Write the first draft
Begin with the very first topic that is in your outline. You can either quote directly, summarize or paraphrase every idea you intend to use in the essay. The technique that you use should be suitable to the kind of paper you are writing. Mark paragraphs or sentences you want to edit or re-check later but make sure you delete it once done with the editing.
Revise the outline and draft
For you to come up with a research paper for middle school that is impressive, you should revise your draft and outline. Check the paper for content errors. Double check figures and facts and ensure the ideas are arranged and rearranged to follow an outline. Use the checklist below to determine whether you have gotten it right:
- Is your thesis statement clear and concise?
- Did you follow your outline or miss something?
- Are your arguments presented in a sequence that is logical?
- Are the sources cited properly to avoid plagiarism?
- Have you proven your thesis by presenting supporting arguments that are solid?
- Have you made your points and intentions clear?
The last draft
Before you write the final draft, re-read your assignment sheet to ensure you are fully aware of what you are expected to deliver. This will also help you determine whether you have met the specifications set by your professor.
Take time to carefully proofread the research paper for duplicated or missing words, spelling errors and punctuation mistakes. It is ideal to ensure the paper is ready one or two days before the deadline. This will ease your mind and give you additional time to counter check the paper before you hand it in.
You can also check out this example on VoIP to see how such papers are written.
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It’s our hope that the above guidelines will help you know how to write a research paper for middle school with ease. However if you still feel you need assistance, please contact us today. You can also visit our homepage, to access additional information regarding our custom writing services and more. Additionally, before you contract our services, you can review more of our sample research papers here.
How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph
Perhaps the secret of scoring a high grade in any paper is having strong conclusion. Starting your essay on a high note and losing all the energy before the conclusion could be disastrous. Knowing how to write a conclusion paragraph will leave your readers wanting more of your work.
You need to know what to include in your conclusion, what to avoid and how to organize your conclusion statements. Good conclusion ideas that lack harmony distort the flavor of your conclusion remarks and could snatch that first class from your hands.
When writing a conclusion paragraph, the summary of your paper should be at the back of your mind. Do not think outside the scope of your research since conclusion sums up your ideas. Make it provocative, with punch and oomph! Here is what you need to know:
Guidelines on How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph
Conclusions are about reminding your readers of your main issues in the essay. Here are the steps on how to write a conclusion paragraph, you must always follow:
Step 1: Transition: Having a small transition is important to signal your reader that your paper is ending. This ensures that they pay attention to what you are about to say as you link with the thesis statement. However, you may avoid starting your conclusion paragraph with a transition if you are sure that your essay is ending. You could as well make the transition very simple.
Consider the conclusion paragraph of; Is It Possible For the Foreign Policy Leaders to Behave As Rational Actors?:
“From the above analysis, foreign policy administrators will not act sensibly to foster global relations. In addition, reasons behind international relations will forever remain.”
Step 2: Brief Summary: The baseline of writing the best conclusion is summarizing the main points of your essay. Here, try revisiting your topic sentences in the body since they capture your core arguments. At this point, rewrite the main point into two or three sentences to enhance your supporting evidence for your claims.
While summarizing is a common approach when writing a conclusion paragraph, do not summarize your points as you wrote them. Capture the overall answer, which your research provided, giving you freedom to use a few sentences.
Step 3: Short and sweet: To write a good conclusion paragraph, summarize your main points. In most cases, the instructor will not specify the length of your conclusion paragraph. A very long conclusion could be a repetition of the body of your essay.
Step 4: Rework your thesis statement: Since a good essay will always have a thesis statement, rework it as you conclude your essay. You must do this even if you do not dwell on it. It is important to tie your conclusion to the thesis since it is the main point of your paper and you will have to spent most of time supporting it. If the reader cannot get your thesis statement from the conclusion paragraph, then you have failed as a writer.
Avoid copy pasting your thesis. Always find a pleasant way of reworking it in an attractive way with different wording from the original. Restating your thesis word for word could mean laziness.
Step 5: Be authoritative. Convince the reader that your content is accurate. Use strong and right words that affirm your authority of the research. Avoid using phrases like ‘I think’ in your conclusion as they weaken your firmness. To be reliable, do not regret or offer apology for your opinion. Own every argument in the essay and stand by it.
Example of a good conclusion from the essay, Comparing Management and Leadership:
“Leaders and managers have a common task of working together to achieve organizational objectives. Each of these, however, needs specific attribute to realize their goals.”
The author revisits the topic and gives an authoritative stance on what leaders and managers need to achieve organizational goals.
Writing a Flawless Conclusion Paragraph
There are other points on how to write a conclusion paragraph that you should have in mind. Write a conclusion paragraph that is devoid of errors. Make it direct and provocative. Be sure to illustrate the basis of your argument. Your focus should remain on the theme of your essay and your ending.
Have an interesting ending by using a bit of irony. Make it playful without losing your readers who have been loyal from the first line of your paper. This makes you entire paper provocative. Also, make your ending powerful by appealing to the emotions of the reader. If you master this, it literally gives your paper a heart.
Include a call to action statement especially if you aim at influencing people to change. However, it can overkill a paper if you misuse it.
Since the conclusion is part of your paper, stick to the rules of writing. Avoid grammar mistakes, which could reveal how you are not committed to leave a lasting impression in the minds of your readers. The image you paint in a conclusion paragraph is a lasting one.
Guidelines on How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph
While writing a conclusion can appear like a walkover, it can as well mess up your entire paper. Just like an introduction, a conclusion paragraph has significant weight in determining your final grade. Do not do an excellent research and overshadow it with a shoddy ending. Here are some of the strategies to avoid every time you are ending your essay:
Avoid overused Phrases: You must be creative enough to figure out how to write a conclusion paragraph. Avoid old school phrases. Some of the statements to avoid are, ‘in conclusion’, ‘in summary’, or in ‘closing.’
Here is another good example of a conclusion paragraph from Culture and Society done by our experts:
“It is evident that culture is key in shaping people’s beliefs and norms, which give them an identity and distinguishes them from other communities.”
The author wraps up the essay by connecting culture and society.
Stating thesis statement: Do not state your thesis for the first time in your conclusion paragraph. Normally, your thesis statement should appear in the first paragraph as it guides you and the reader.
Introducing new idea: To know how to write a conclusion paragraph, focus on the main points in the body of your essay. At all cost, avoid having new ideas in your conclusion. This causes confusion and discontinuity as the reader cannot sequentially understand your essay. Besides new ideas, do not introduce new subtitles in your ending.
Restate your thesis: – Do not duplicate your thesis statement even though you need it in your conclusion. Rework it by making substantive changes.
Emotional appeals: Sentimental appeals to the reader, which are disjoint with the rest of the paper, have no place in conclusion paragraph writing. Stick to your outline and theme. In most cases, let the reader make a judgment upon reading your work.
Supporting evidence: Information that supports your claims in the paper belongs to the body. Avoid having quotes and statistics in the last paragraph. Understand the elements to include in any conclusion paragraph.
How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph Effectively
Writing a good conclusion does not come easily. Besides having good grammar, understanding your theme and the entire research process, you need to have the following tips on how to write a conclusion paragraph:
‘So what game’: When you read a conclusion paragraph, always remember to ask yourself the ‘so what’ question. Do not leave your readers hanging and wondering why they had to waste their time reading your paper
Revisit your thesis statement: End your essay by going back to your thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. This makes writing and reading a complete circle. Take the reader back to where they started.
Sum up: Put all your main points together without unnecessary repetition. Be sure to show your reader the important points in the paper and the supporting evidence you used. This is the baseline of perfecting conclusion paragraph writing.
Essays with standard Conclusions:
- Pros and Cons of Corporations
- Culture and Society
- Comparing Management and Leadership
- Is It Possible For the Foreign Policy Leaders to Behave As Rational Actors?
Writing an Outline for a Conclusion Paragraph
Writing a conclusion paragraph requires one to have an outline, which includes the following:
Topic sentence: This captures the main point in every paragraph in the body of the paper. Rephrase these sentences and the thesis statement to incorporate in your conclusion.
Supporting evidence: Explain to the reader how your ideas fit together to support your claims throughout the paper.
Give a closing sentence. The last step when writing a conclusion is giving your final thoughts on the topic of discussion. At this point, it should be clear to the reader that the paper is ending. This includes having a tone that enhances a sense of closure. Remember that a conclusion paragraph is the opposite of the introduction paragraph.
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Find out What is a Research Paper and the Process of Writing one
What is a research paper?
When someone asks you to explain what is a research paper, what kind of image comes to mind? Is it one where you have to work with large stacks of books and articles in the search for others’ thoughts?
Whatever kind of image you create, there is no question you envision large sources of information such as artworks, articles, people and books. However, there is more to writing a research paper than the summing up of sources, collection of information from different sources and the review of literature in a given field.
A research paper argues out a point or analysis a given perspective. Despite the kind of research paper you work on, the finished paper should be a presentation of your own thinking backed by the information and ideas of others.
Whenever people hear the term research paper, they are often filled with dread. However, this should not be the case as long as you understand what is a research paper. A good example of a research paper is Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness paper. The term research paper can be used to refer to:
- Academic paper-Also referred to as scholarly paper, found in academic journals and which contains original reviews and results or which shows a completely new innovation
- Term paper-written by college or high school students
- Dissertation or thesis-document that is submitted to support a candidature for professional or degree qualification, presents the findings and research of the author
For purposes of drawing a parallel, a lawyer reads and researches numerous cases and uses these to support their case. Scientists read numerous case studies to support their scientific principles. In that same manner, students write about Vietnam War after reading books, articles or interviews with veterans in order to confirm and/or develop their support and viewpoint with evidence.
In a nut shell, a research paper refers to expanded essay that is a presentation of your own evaluation, argument or interpretation. While writing a research paper, you are supposed to build upon what you already know regarding a subject and make deliberate attempts to discover what experts already know.
If you want to know what is a research paper, it is worth noting it involves evaluating your field of knowledge in order to come up with reliable information in that given field. The survey needs to be focused and orderly. Our mandate is to guide you through the process of research paper writing to ensure you don’t get lost in the massive sources.
Understanding what is a research paper before you start to write one
Before you start working on your paper, it is crucial for you to understand what does not constitute a research paper.
- It is not focused on a subject-A research paper must have a thesis-clear view point. It does not refer to generalized discussion regarding an issue.
- A research paper is not about summarizing everything you find. The goal is not in collecting everything regarding your subject and summarizing it, though it is important to review numerous sources. It is ideal to choose sources that support your thesis directly.
- It is not made up of quotes. The focus of the paper is your own commentary and point of view. Throughout the paper, you can include direct facts, statistics and quotations if they are in support of your position. The commentary is supposed to accomplish more than the simple introduction or link quotations.
- Research papers do not support pre-conceived view point. Looking at facts that back up what you already know is not research. You are supposed to look at evidence and from there, form your opinion.
- Research papers always use documentation of others’ ideas to avoid cases of plagiarism. Never borrow facts, statistics or ideas without referencing the original sources.
Specific goals a research paper must achieve
- Research paper is supposed to meet the assignment needs. Most instructors give requirements that are specific for writing a research paper which includes the documentation technique to use, the topics and the sources to use.
- It should have a well laid out focus-The subject of the paper needs to be narrow as this makes writing the paper easier. An excellent example of such a research paper is the United Nations Peacekeeping Missions paper which focuses on peacekeeping missions.
- The paper must have a clear thesis and not simply report the ideas of other people. Focus of the paper should be on your own interpretations and opinions rather than those of others.
- Finally, a research paper should have high quality sources and it should be rich as well. An excellent paper is not simply a summary of the ideas of others. Rather, it distinguishes biased and reliable sources from questionable and authoritative sources. It also differentiates fact and opinion.
Guidelines to writing a research paper
Develop a topic
Select a topic that not only interests but challenges you as well. The attitude you have towards a topic will help you establish the effort you direct towards your research. Your focus should be narrow and before you begin full scale research, seek approval from your teacher. Steer clear of subjects that are too learned, specialized or technical as well as topics with narrow sources of information.
Once you pick a topic, commence with the research. This can come from different sources which include books, web pages, journal articles, interviews as well as encyclopedias. Ensure that:
- Your sources are professional and they provide insightful information regarding your topic and valid research
- Use varying sources of information and do not depend on just one or two sources.
- Consider using empirical research which simply refers to books or articles written by experts and whose work can be vouched by others in the same field.
- Use the library-Though this is a traditional source of information, you are likely to find great details of information on your topic.
- Look for academic databases as there are special academic and search engine databases that have plenty of peer-reviewed or books, journals and magazines that are scientifically published. This as well will help you get results that are well tailored than what you would from general research. Note that in most cases, academic databases provide the chance to seek specific information regarding a topic.
Write your thesis
It is now time for critical thinking so you can write your thesis statement. The statement is a declaration of what you believe in. The main focus of the paper should be your arguments to defend and support your belief.
Come up with an outline
All points should be related to your selected topic. In this case, your outline should include:
- Introduction-This should be a brief comment that leads to the subject matter
- Research annotation-Annotate thoroughly as this will make the process of writing the paper easier. While marking off important information, add your own notes and commentary. Having your ideas written down on a paper will make it easier to refer back to them.
- Organize thoughts-Annotation might take a little time but should be taken a step further to increase the clarity of the outline. Attempt writing each item and quote on individual note cards.
- Construct a preliminary reference and bibliography. While going through the notes, mark the page number, author and title as well as publish information for all the sources. This will be of great use while crafting your works cited page and bibliography later.
- Identify the papers goal-Basically, there are two kinds of research papers, argumentative and analytic. Each needs a different writing style and focus to be identified before starting the writing process.
Writing the paper
- Write the body paragraphs– Though this might appear counter intuitive, writing an introduction first is far more difficult to accomplish than writing the actual meat of the paper. Start by writing main points as this makes it easy to manipulate or slightly change your commentary and ideas. Statements should be supported with evidence.
- Write your conclusion-The conclusion is one of the most important aspects you need to remember when asking what is a research paper? After working through your evidence, write a conclusion that summarizes your findings for the reader and offers them closure. Start by restating your thesis statement and reminding the reader of points you have covered in your research paper. The purpose of a conclusion is answering the question, “so what?” and aims to help the reader feel they have gleaned something from your work.
- Document the paper-All research papers need to be documented so as to avoid cases of plagiarism. Depending on your research topic and field of study, there are different format styles you can use like APA, Chicago and MLA. Be certain to choose the appropriate style for your paper.
- Edit the rough draft-It is tempting to simply read the essay over and not use the spell check tool. However, you need to edit your work thoroughly. Ask one or more people to look at your essay and edit it at least three days before you turn it in.
If you have difficulties in handling your research paper, get in touch with us for assistance. Visit our homepage for more information about our academic writing services. You can also continue reading more academic paper writing guidelines and sample papers on our blog.
Research Proposal: Zimbabwean Religious Immigrants in UK
The aim of this research is to identify the impact of religion on Zimbabweans and how religion can influence the migration of Zimbabweans to western countries. The research paper will focus primarily on the religious aspects that influence Zimbabweans to migrate to the United Kingdom and their subsequent religious experiences when they migrate to the United Kingdom. This research paper will serve the purpose of identifying and highlighting the religious rationale behind Zimbabweans migrating to the United Kingdom and how their experiences in the United Kingdom have been shaped in relation to their faith. It is critical to note that majority of the Zimbabweans are Christians hence implying that they are usually influenced mainly by Christianity to migrate to the United Kingdom. Despite having been characterized by autocratic leadership, it is important to put in mind that Zimbabwe has a relative freedom of religious affiliation (Vertovec, 2007). The only religious organizations that have been banned in the country are those that have been linked with occult perceptions or organizations that have been deemed to pose threats or risks to the national cohesion and security. The paper seeks to examine the extent to which religion has played a role in influencing the Zimbabwean Religious Immigrants in the United Kingdom and their religious experiences in the host country (Magunha, 2009).
Aims and Objectives
The aim of this research paper is also to identify the status of Zimbabwe in terms of religious affiliations and find out if there are any form of suppression from the administration. This will entail identifying whether or not the political regime directly been involved in suppressing religious freedom in the country. The paper will also look into the reasons behind many Zimbabweans migrating to western countries, especially the United Kingdom hence implying that the research paper will address a variety of questions which will be derived from the central question of the research.
How has religion influenced Zimbabweans to migrate from their country to the United Kingdom and what are their religious experiences in the United Kingdom? The central question has led to the formulation of other research questions that the research paper will address and seek to answer. These research questions can be found below.
- What is Zimbabwe’s religious status?
- How does religion influence Zimbabwe’s citizens to migrate to the western countries?
- Has religion played a role in influencing Zimbabweans refugees to migrate to the United Kingdom?
- Has the migration of Zimbabweans to the United Kingdom changed their religious practices?
- What are the religious experiences of Zimbabweans in the United Kingdom?
Located in the southern parts of Africa, Zimbabwe is a country that attained independence from the United Kingdom in 1980 under the leadership of the incumbent president, Robert Mugabe. The Mugabe regime has gained a reputation for having poor records in human rights and this has led to a huge row with western countries. Consequently, the country has suffered many sanctions, which have resulted in high inflation rates in its economy. Although this has been a major reason for many Zimbabweans to seek refuge in western countries and other countries, it has also been noted that many citizens are seeking refuge in the western countries due to religious reasons. The country has been noted for having the majority of its citizens subscribing to Christianity (Bloch, 2005). There are Christian organizations that have advocated for freedom from an autocratic government and this is one of the rationales behind many Zimbabweans seeking asylum in the western countries on grounds of religion and its influence. It is also critical to note that migrants to the United Kingdom have often been influenced by religious institutions because they are given sponsorships in education institutions in the host country (De Haan, 2000).
Christianity has been significant as an influence on Zimbabweans to migrate to the United Kingdom and this can be attributed to the fact that religious institutions have concerted their efforts to empower the Zimbabwean people by providing them with opportunities of migrating to the United Kingdom. This empowerment has been attained through various programs (Finch, 2005). For instance, religious organizations have offered people who have been victimized by the government owing to their political affiliation the chance to relocate to the United Kingdom thus showing that religion has played a crucial function in migration of Zimbabweans to the United Kingdom (Fetzer, 2005).
The primary influence of religion for Zimbabweans to migrate to the United Kingdom is based on their effort to look for spiritual freedom and fulfillment and the United Kingdom has been noted for its liberalization with regards to different aspects of life including religion (Gregson, 1999). The implication of this is that religious institutions in the United Kingdom are protected by the law to exercise their beliefs and engage in their respective religious ceremonies and practices on condition that they do not jeopardize the rights of other people or pose a security threat to others. This is why there is a significant Muslim population in the United Kingdom, even though the country is predominantly a Christian nation (Giddens, 2012).
Immigrants in the United Kingdom have had a more enhanced religious experience because of the freedom afforded to them through the constitution. This allows them to perform any religious rites and ceremonies without being afraid of victimization. Their experience is further enhanced by the fact that the United Kingdom offers a more developed state of religious activities (Stilwell, 2003). For instance, Muslims can pray any time they want to while Christians can celebrate various ceremonies in the country and this has been critical in ensuring that every person is offered the opportunity to exercise their faith without facing any restrictions from the authorities. This has also been instrumental in ensuring that people obtain new insights and perspectives into their religion (McGregor, 2007).
Significance of Research
The research is critical in showing how religion has played a vital role in influencing the people from Zimbabwe to migrate to the United Kingdom. Despite the fact that the religious influence of migrating to the United Kingdom cannot be said to have equal significance with other crucial rationales like political and socioeconomic factors, religion has played a critical role in people seeking refuge and asylum in the United Kingdom. This research will clearly bring out the role that religion reasons play in the migration of Zimbabweans to the United Kingdom.
The other significance of the research is that it will highlight how the religious experiences of immigrants are influenced in the United Kingdom. This will bring out critical comparisons between the experiences of the immigrant and their experiences in their native country. It is important to note that immigrants have documented an improved religious experience after migrating to the United Kingdom, and other western countries.
Research indicates that religion has played a significant role in the migration of Zimbabwean refugees into the United Kingdom and this has been critical in making sure that people are offered religious freedom. The religious perspectives of immigrants have been influenced through new and freer experiences as they continue to practice their religious faith in the United Kingdom.
Bloch, A. (2005). The development potential of Zimbabweans in the Diaspora: a survey of Zimbabweans living in the UK and South Africa (No. 17). United Nations Publications.
De Haan, A. (2000). Migrants, livelihoods and rights: the relevance of migration in development policies.
Fetzer, J. S. (2005). Muslims and the state in Britain, France, and Germany. Cambridge University Press.
Finch, N. (2005). Seeking asylum alone. The Asylum Seeking Child in Europe. Gothenburg: Gothenburg University, 57.
Giddens, A., Duneier, M., & Appelbaum, R. P. (2012). Introduction to sociology. WW Norton & Company.
Gregson, S., Zhuwau, T., Anderson, R. M., & Chandiwana, S. K. (1999). Apostles and Zionists: The influence of religion on demographic change in rural Zimbabwe. Population Studies, 53(2), 179-193.
Magunha, F., Bailey, A., & Cliffe, L. (2009). Remittance strategies of Zimbabweans in northern England. School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds.
McGregor, J. (2007). ‘Joining the BBC (British Bottom Cleaners)’: Zimbabwean migrants and the UK care industry. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 33(5), 801-824.
Stilwell, B., Diallo, K., Zurn, P., Dal Poz, M. R., Adams, O., & Buchan, J. (2003). Developing evidence-based ethical policies on the migration of health workers: conceptual and practical challenges. Human Resources for health, 1(1), 8.
Vertovec, S. (2007). Super-diversity and its implications. Ethnic and racial studies, 30(6), 1024-1054.