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In an occurrence where the ship sinks transporting client commodities, it can be labelled as a problem bearing in mind the fundamental elements. If natural forces led to the occurrence, it could be taken as a natural disaster. Such an occurrence cannot be tied to the process f doing business. Most businesses are committed to establishing good relationships with clients, and even though they do not anticipate such occurrences, they put in place a risk management measures so as to avoid or reduce the damage that can occur as a result of the natural disaster.
Calamities such as natural danger can be lessened if the best precaution are introduced and the losses that were to be experienced can be lessened or even be shunned. The occurrence can lead to the loss of clients as the relationship created on the basis of carrying commodities on time has been destroyed. Additionally, it will be challenging for the corporation to undertake a budget as it will buy commodities without looking at the rates to shun stock out. The incidence in question could not be an accomplished event. It is beyond administration authority, however if suitable eventuality actions are initiated, the consequence could be lessened.
The business being discussed is about the importation of vehicles. A number of many side habits can distress the business operation. Calamities may take place when commodities are being transported to the clients. The accident could either be fire rear-benders, ruptures, and goods being stolen as well as minor collisions. These days, terrorist undertakings have increased quickly. Perceptibly, terrorism has destructive consequences on transporting industry. An erratic traffic can be a blockade, delaying the anticipated time of carrying commodities to the clients. The moment the business of bringing in vehicles, one relies on price variation to work in the budget. If rates vary arbitrarily, they will impact the rates of goods impacting the amount and quality of commodities purchased. Political unsteadiness is as well a core multifaceted reliance facet when bringing in commodities.
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The Theory of Natural Selection
As part of the evaluation of human life, numerous researchers have deliberated the concept of natural selection as the focus of the origin of species. The concept supports the adaptations of living things because of environmental conditions. It implies that the biological features are established because of environmental changes (Darwin 23). The concept backs the perceived variation as well as separation of species from their descendants leading to contemporary generation that can change in diverse niches. These changes of numerous features are deliberated as an important feature for existence of the creatures. The concept was established by one of the reputed scientist Charles Darwin in his mission to find the source of living creatures. Via significant evaluation of mechanism, natural selection has been practiced as the solitary tool leading to the evolutionary variations (Darwin 45). This research paper will focus on The Theory of Natural Selection.
Darwin in his numerous primary papers (Jan 1837-June 1838), commence working on a number of options to expound the change of species via adaptation. In his (notebooks, 12, 62), Darwin postulates that species might be “Created for a definite time” and via a stipulated time frame they experience extinction as well as substituted by another. He rapidly left behind the idea and commence deliberating analytically on Lamarck’s concept of impact of influence of environment on the creature growth.
He recounts that the environment had an effect on the variation of the living organism as can be depicted by the numerous fossil accumulations that were growing from simple shells to compound ruins at higher degrees. As a result, he implied that creatures ate in constant alteration. Via his traditional philosophies. Charles Darwin demonstrated a clear relation between the broad-minded variation of the creatures as well as the environmental effect (Gibson 34).
In his early version of the origin, he looks at the subject of natural selection via “struggle for existence perspective”. He concentrates on how alterations offer creatures with the necessary benefit to fight for life and survive (Gibson 37). This is evident literally on how plants that are developing in arid and semi-arid regions go on to tussle for their survival for them to get the numerous needs for their development. Creatures, for example canine group, tussle for foodstuffs with each other. This description symbolizes the future anticipated change on the creatures’ morphologies that are propagated to their on-going selection. This kind of tussle is ventured to fit in line with the slide scale that is from the most strong to the least strong creatures (Darwin 46).
For a number of years, Bacteria and other microorganisms have shown to be quite essential in the experimentation of natural selection and evolution researches. One of the reputed scientific uses of the idea is the growth of the resistant antibiotic in majority of the living organisms. In year 1982, penicillin antibiotic was exposed to aid in the war against bacteria. The alteration of nature between the huge numbers in this populace is looked at due to mutation as well as evolution. When the creatures are exposed to penicillin antibiotic, people that have rehabilitated themselves will live while the poor people will be eradicated by the activity of the bacteria.
This existence criteria of the bacteria lets them breed as well as increase to the next family lineage. The second generations are invariably known to be alienated with improved features to have more control as well as less vulnerability to the antibiotic. The broad application of a number of forms of antibiotics has been looked at by most of the clinicians and scientist as the core cause of the microorganisms’ control to most of the improved antibiotics for a number of years. This is the usual example of natural selection in activity which bacteria has progressed to make sure that they make less vulnerable to the activity of the antibiotics (Williams 45).
Male procreative variations have shown to be quite vital in the experimental researches to show the substantiation of natural selection. Malte Anderson 1982, judgmental studies the rich morphology that a number of of the dating males species retain. He learns that a number of these noticeable facets have repeatedly developed to rejoice in quite improved breeding (Darwin 55). In this research, he examines the Euplestes Progne birds that have quite long tail. He looks at these birds had grown to hold long tails to court with many females as well as those that short tail experiences high likelihood of extermination over years.
John Endler (1980), in his research on Male guppies as well learned a high alteration on the intriguing spots on these creatures from numerous 15 generations (Williams 45). These spots aided these creatures to offer a higher breeding opportunity as well as restricted them from seize by their killers as they were eye-catching. This showed how a number of beneficial features could as well restrict the creature in their natural environment an occurrence invariably known “as trade of” as illustrated in guppies’ trade-off between evasion of hunters and attaining fruitful breeding (Auletta 23).
Stephen (1992) in his systematic study identifies that “Darwin did wrestle brilliantly and triumphantly with the problem of adaptation,” expounds how Charles Darwin fought to demonstrate the numerous natural various natural existence organisms. He expounds how the Malthus rule of action worked on yeast by clarifying that when this populace is introduced in bread, they typically utilize the opening to apply the bread nutrients as well as surge in demography.
This is because of the promising status that they are offered an undertaking he termed as hitting the “Malthusian ceiling”. He uncovered that the desirable condition reduces and the creature beings tussling on the problem for instance as nutrients, space, light as well as cohabitation. In reply to their effort, he comprehends that only the creatures with encouraging features for instance authority will be able endure in such situation. This is apparently shows how creatures are logically picked in a specified setting (Williams 46).
Eventually, it is guessed that Darwin’s concept will come to live in the greatest place in each learned persons’ mind worldwide. This is due to the fact that its prevalent authority to entice the public attention as it pushes its chief plan of natural selection. This is anticipated to go on offering a chance for the scientists to show a number of battles that may be taking place with respect to the concept of natural selection (Stackpole 50). This well acknowledged mechanism of natural selection will reveal the unknown problems for instance how assortment will endure in the future. The concept fuses all the biology as well as history of living and non-living organisms into a single fascinating account.
Reasons why the Darwin’s theory is discombobulating
The verity is that Charles Darwin was disapproved by numerous known scientists of the 19th century. The most of them doubted the concept of natural selection as well as called it a sketchy procedure scientists’ have uncovered that Darwin’s concept botched the test of time (Darwin 65). He evidently grows his concept founded on a longer duration yet he fails to show the claims of the issue of the gone days. He solitary utilizes estimations of about 30 to 50 billion in the past years (Stackpole 54). As a result, not being able to show the incidences that may have occurred since memorial. A collective protest that has as well been uncovered in the Darwin’s concept is that life of creatures is a difficult subject matter that takes a fairly longer duration to develop. The thought of natural selection could not be seen as an apparent concept only for a short duration of time he offered (Darwin 46).
The next catastrophe of Charles Darwin’s concept is its incompetence to explain precisely the legacy and natural selection of most of animals. Darwin’s tree of life considers that nearly all animals came from one single kind of life as well as a collective descendant, via this tree, he does not report that God had a unique ancestry for every animal (Stackpole 58). Darwin does not comprehend that a number of creatures get these genes from their host as they live in them.
For example, the DNA from retrovirus typically put into the living animal’s lives and they get the genes as part of their lives. He as well experienced the difficult of not being able to expound the parity that were formed in the remains. Problems that may only be ratified by the new technology, for instance carbon dating (Stackpole 58). As he understood that natural selection might not sound significant to numerous person, thus, he came up with numerous evidences regarding the adaptation of a number of living organism that can be utilized for research these days.
Auletta, Gennaro, Marc Leclerc, and Rafael A. Martínez. Biological Evolution: Facts and Theories : a Critical Appraisal 150 Years After “the Origin of Species”. Roma: Gregorian & Biblical Press, 2011. Print. Pp. 1-234
Darwin, Charles. Charles Darwin’s Natural Selection: Being the Second Part of His Big Species Book Written from 1856 to 1858. Cambridge University Press, 1987. Print. Pp. 1-275
Gibson, Walter. Black Americans: Biological Facts and Fancies. New York: Vantage Press, 1983. Print. Pp. 1-70
Stackpole, Michael A. Natural Selection. New York, N.Y: ROC, 1992. Print. Pp. 3-45
Williams, George C. Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001. Internet resource. Pp. 1-291
The above biology research paper on The Theory of Natural Selection is among the many of such you will find on this website. If you need a customized research paper like the one above get in touch with us. You can also visit our homepage for more information about us and links to more pre-written academic research papers like the one above.
Portrait by Pontormo and Bronzomo
This paper on Portrait by Pontormo and Bronzomo discusses wholly on the sixteenth century paintings in Europe, whereby such style was well-thought-out has trendy as well as an appealing opening to venture. The contemporary viewpoint of this paper is fully founded on two widely reputed artists, Bronzom and Pontormo, whereby one was a tutor whereas the other was a student. The style of tutoring and conveying painting skills used distinctively from one tutor to another. In reflection to this paper, Pontoromo being tutor used a distinctive modes to his learners, a thing that amazed many who were around him.
In contrast, Bronzomo was more than simply a learner to him, but an intelligent friend, so he exposed to him essential techniques in paintings, even though with particular level of cynicism. The chief goal of this paper, as uttered by the Vasari authors, is to promote readers’ comprehension on the development of painting and also the conspiracies that enclosed this career. The sixteenth century painting manifested the start of this career that has developed and enlarged with generational presence (Elizabeth and Michael172). The writer uses diverse technical ways to get the goal of the paper to the reader. For example, Bronzomo learnt distinctive arrays of painting mode from his teacher, Pontormo.
In this paper, the writer failed to make a clear thesis, however articulated her chief subject suggestively via her presentational methods. For example, the write made special explanation concerning the painting exercise in the early years as well as even so to the founders of this industry. This facet creates the axe that the writer uses in creating an expressive tactic to the general painting in Europe as well as in Italy. Additionally, the write expounds the conspiracies that took root due to many individuals being enticed to the sector.
In this perspective, the writer tactically uses Pontormo and Bronzomo amongst the other painters to expound the huge rush by individuals to get painting abilities. On top of this, several fashionable paintings and carvings methods came to being due to the exposure acquired in this sector (Elizabeth and Michael174). With these methods used, it can be cited that such ways, largely impacted writers’ tactic into the subject of painting.
This subject representation by Pontormo and Bronzomo is an illustration of story that depends on the historical explanation of records. In this paper, the writer has depended on the sets of past paintings so as to get the intended subject matter. For example, an account being collected of past accounts is rich in past data and also assortments. This point of view, combined together with individual exposure of the writer was made core into this paper. Additionally, the writer paid a call to ancient museums as well as directories so as to get data concerning first painting in Europe more so in England and Italy.
Past stories created together with this subject matter made it easy for the writer to make apparent features on the first painting in Europe. For example, the relation between Pontormo and Bronzomo, together with their unique paintings, shows the writer’s keenness in using past data entailing these fine points. Ancient accounts of the Metropolitan Museum as well as the Portrait in Palazzo make an extra angle via which the writer made categorical facts into the story of painting.
The ancient information gathered round by the author, in an apparent way improves explanation into the writer’ thesis. This theory is well mounted via the study made founded on the first and museum European painting of portraits. The data rich, ancient records are openly in harmony with the core thesis, which is “Paintings in the Early Painting in Italy, and various models applicable.” Instances of helpful fact to the thesis incorporate Quentorrencto Practice, numerous templates and sequence of events, Certosa Frescoes, in the midst of other ancient as well as contrasted scenarios. These materials together provided more acumens into the overall thesis, which expresses ancient painting in Italy.
This data offers other argumentative types, than the ones argued above. These modes normally incorporate additional analogy of ancient painting as well as the importance it had on the society. This method is usually demonstrated to offer extra data concerning painting in Europe and Italy (Elizabeth and Michael176). The effects of painting on the social circles are noticeably obtained via unclear show of the rush in the sector.
Additionally, this example is possibly used in showing how productive the industry has turned out to be to majority of the people. The ability as well as far-reaching growth of numerous portraits, as well offers another tactic concerning the research of paintings, as well as its social effect in the community. This style is completely seized by the writer, who offers an account of how Pontormo and Bronzomo took part in supporting painting war, as shown by Vasari writers.
Concerning the fact whether the paper comes up with questions for more debate, this theory can be reacted to with a vast Yes. The conspiracies facing the painting sector due to self-inclusion ought to have been tackled in depth. At last, any responses concerning this subject matter, is positive as well as full of self-enthusiasm. For instance, I respond positively concerning the subject of paintings, as it offers full coverage of paintings and its connected intrigues.
Elizabeth. Cropper M., Michael. W. Cole. Preparing to Finish: Portraits by Pontoromo and Bronzomo. 1996, Oxford Press.
The above art paper on Portrait by Pontormo and Bronzomo is among the many you will find on this website. If you need assistance in writing research papers, essays, term papers, dissertation and many other academic research papers kindly get in touch with us here or visit our homepage for more reading resources and information about our services.
For years, humans have sluggishly incorporated a number of survival methods. Governance has described their apparent kind of lifestyle completely. In Michel Foucault’s book Society Must Be Defended, sovereign right and Bio politics are in the middle of the chief facets on which he attempts to clarify on. He expounds sovereignty and afterwards gives a contradiction on how its clarification as well as use take place in the modern world.
Michel’s attention moves to the constitutional right of life as well as death. In line with him, the government holds the authority to put individuals to demise or to allow them to live. He nevertheless, tries to argue this and portrays how the government is prejudice to demise only having no authority to offer life. He at last links this to bio politics.
Provide an explanation of this unique, concentrating on how bio politics as well as the notion of “make live, let die” reframe the subject of fierceness, via the subject of ‘racism.’
Michel designates the contemporary world sovereignty as being illogical as well as a contradiction of what ought to really be. It is in this situation that Michel expounds how the right of life as well as demise is strange. The theory of ‘make live or let die’ occur when the sovereign lacks the matter of the right of making sovereign policies concerning their lives. The matter in this incident is treated impartially as well as whether they ought to live or die is completely reliant on the sovereign. All this is a discussion in political ethics, however it simply find how the issue of life starts to be complicated in the basis of political believing.
The ‘make live and let die’ theory became long term and went deeper in the right to live as well as kill in the world political territories. The motive for people creating a sovereign was described as having devote strings attached where possibly people go through certain danger or demand to safeguard their lives. Bio politics was in some way a sense of harassment to the people and entirely challenged the reality behind sovereignty. Bio politics includes fertility disquiets and morbidity.
In other cases, this bio authority is in excess of sovereign right, and that it is when it extent a point to point whereby there is rise of bio power racism. At this point, nations go against each other via nuclear battles, whereby they kill citizens via developing viruses that are dangerous as well as out of control leading to deaths. Michel expounds bio power racism as a means of handing away a chance into the kingdom of life that is below control mechanism. He further refers to it as the breakdown between what need to survive and what need to perish.
Think through other means in which ‘life’ turns out to be political, through a consideration on biosecurity in Celia Lowe’s reading “VIRAL CLOUDS: Becoming H5N1 in Indonesia.”
Celia Lowe as well designates several means in which life turns to be political or in simple terms, the business of the state. She elaborates on how a lethal avian virus (H5N1) dispersed to Indonesia and she went to expound how the government works and controls its obligation- regarding to the policy whether the victims ought to survive or perish.
She well along appraises Anna Tsing, who states that the building of worldwide frame around H5N1 increased the status of the issues as well as made targeted individuals accountable for the welfare and health of other distant human beings in the globe. In Indonesia, the problem of bio safety is quite essential as well as the state invariably has the duty of guaranteeing security of each person. Thus, the life of citizens turns out to be the business of the state, making the goal political. A good case is that of the Indonesia government has historically tried to safeguard its authority against the people via bio safety.
The norm of national universality is believed to have eradicated the facet of racial battles. Nevertheless, Michel expounds that the subject of racial battles does not vanish in real sense, however in reality turns out to be part of something else, which he believes as government racism. The 19th era is categorized by the government holding authority over human beings life whereby the state reserves the right to the citizens’ life or demise. This goes more outside the margins, whereby nations that judge themselves influential take part in racial battles with their competitive nations as well as the outcome is invariably death. In other terms, the state has power over life.
Bio politics pull in at this point. The basic facet of power in line with the classical concept of sovereignty regards the right to survival or demise. Every human has the right to survive and the government affirming sovereignty is indicted with the obligation to find out that social life is well-maintained as well as it ought to presume the power to decide who lives or perishes. The post features the boldness that infers a state’s duty ought to focus on the passive duty of supporting life or demise, instead of an active part in determining about life.
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Research Paper Outline
A research paper outline provides the road map to the ideas that you intend to discuss in a paper. Therefore, it is critical that you know how to create a good outline that can reflect an outstanding research paper. Read on for great insights on how to go about writing a unique and impeccable research paper outline for an assignment or examination.
An outline represents the actual points that will be used in building your argument for the paper from introduction to conclusion. However, this does not mean that you have to write the paper in the outline. The outline should only briefly list and highlight the ideas to be discussed in the paper.
A research paper outline should also clearly indicate the format that you will pursue in the discussion. This is the best way through which you can provide a proper ‘blueprint’ for the research paper as required.
Guidelines on how to write a research paper outline
One of the main things to bear in mind when planning to write a research paper outline is that the page should contain the following basic sections:
- The title of the paper
- Thesis statement or main claim
- The main or key points of the study
- Supporting statements or evidence to back up the chief points
The above listed sections will then be framed to make up the introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion of the research paper. Follow the tips outlined below to easily master the art of creating good outlines for research papers.
Understand the assignment
There is a reason why it is always advised that students should carefully read the questions of an assignment or term paper. You should always take some time to read the assignment in order to effectively understand the requirements or what is expected of you. It is only then that you can begin brainstorming on how to create an outline for a research paper or any other.
Choose the topic
Picking a topic for a research paper can sometimes appear challenging, however, it only requires you to simply construct a few words that can summarize the entire study. The topic should be catchy, interesting and easier to describe in the paper.
The topic should be focused on a specific aspect that you are able to explain well in the rest of the paper as per the requirements. In case you do not understand the assignment, it is advisable that you ask your tutor in advance.
Avoid subjects that are too complicated and vague since those might give you problems in handling when it comes to writing the outline and final paper.
Study the subject
In order for you to generate information for the paper, you have to do some research about the topic. Try to find information that can help you in understanding the topic of the paper better. This should include general ideas as well as specifics about the research.
Do your research from previously written papers on the topic and notes by experts. However, the information that you find useful should have a reliable source in order to be included in the points for the paper.
You can do the research online and also from libraries and colleagues. Although, all these ideas will have to undergo proper analysis before use in writing the outline.
Create a thesis
The thesis statement always acts as the main claim of the paper and should be clearly indicated in the outline and final work. Besides, it will guide you on the points to include in the outline to ensure that a proper argument is tabled.
In developing a thesis, choose the main points that portray the ideas you intend to sell or describe in the paper. However, you must be keen to ensure that you have sufficient supporting facts or evidence to prove the claim.
Steps on how to write a research paper outline
In writing a research paper outline, you should have a mind picture of how the actual paper will look and feel with regards to content and tone. Practice the following procedures for help on how to create an outline for a research paper.
Write the title of the paper
This should appear at the top of the outline just as it will be used in the final paper. It should be short, precise and to the point.
This is where you are required to give a highlight on how the subject of research will be introduced to readers. In order to influence readers, the intro should be attractive and informative enough to generate a reaction.
You can simply write a short sentence (s) showing how the discussion will be ignited. On the other hand, you can also simply list the main points that will be used in crafting the opening statements.
The opening sentences of the paper should provide a general view on the topic or subject of study.
After framing the first statements, you should also write the thesis statement within the section of the introduction since that is where it will be inserted. It is always advisable that you write the entire thesis as it will appear in the final paper in the outline.
In some cases, you can choose to write the thesis statement right at the top of the outline page, just after the topic. However, you should always remember when writing the paper that a thesis statement comes at the end of the introduction.
You can also write down some of the linking phrases that will be used in connecting the introduction to the rest of the paper.
In the outline, you should clearly indicate the points that will be discussed in the body of the research. The main points should all be listed down but in the form of topic sentences. You can use numeric or bullets to highlight the main points.
Although the main points will depend on the subject of study, it is always advisable that you have at least three in order to deliver a compelling argument in the paper.
Under each topic sentence, write the supporting statement or evidence that will be used to explain it in the paper. It is also important that you list two or more supporting statements to prove the claim and help readers in understanding the context of the paper.
Since this is a research paper, you are required to list the results of the study in the final part of the paper. Besides, you should also touch on the thesis and close the discussion by giving a broader perspective of the study or telling readers how it can apply to them in real life. On the other hand, your conclusion can also point out to future studies on the subject.
After writing the outline, always take time to proofread and edit every part of it in order for you to create a good research paper.
Examples of research paper outline
For a more elaborate illustration of how a research paper outline should be written, you should also read a few samples. The following are some that will give you more inspiration in creating an outline for your research paper.
Sample outline for a Research paper
Topic: Cellphones in the hands of drivers; A Risk or a Benefit?
Thesis: Unless the risks of cell phones are shown to outweigh the benefits, we should not restrict their use in moving vehicles; instead, we should educate the public about the dangers of driving while on the phone and prosecute irresponsible phone users under laws on negligent and reckless driving.
- Scientific studies have not proved a link between use of cell phones and traffic accidents.
- A study by Redelmeier and Tibshirani was inconclusive, since the researcher themselves have admitted…’’- dianahacker.com.
Title: The Federalist Paper’s Influence on the Ratification of the Constitution
Thesis: The Federalist Papers influenced the ratification of the Constitution by making some of their most important arguments, including the importance of being in a Union by having a Constitution, answering to the objections made by the Anti-federalists about separation of powers, and defending opposing arguments made against the characteristics of the executive and judicial branch as provided in the Constitution.
- Describe what The Federalist Papers are and when they began…austincc.edu.
Title: Common Sense and its impact on American Political Thought
Thesis: Thomas Paine’s Common Sense articulated the anti-British sentiments of the Colonies in a way so unprecedented that it permanently changed the face of political thought in America.
- Thesis statement (already indicated above)
- What did Common Sense say that was so different?
- It denounced both the Monarchy and English Constitution, which had previously been viewed as a brilliant political document… austincc.edu.
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Research Paper Format
A good research paper format is one that is able to meet the requirements of a tutor or client in need of research papers. Many writers struggle when asked to format research papers. In fact, many spend a lot of time determine what is a good format and which format will perfectly fit their papers. Others spend money or resources to seek help understand how to format their work so as to get the best results out of their papers.
A well formatted paper is all about its appearance or presentation. The best format for a research paper may be hard to determine, but you will risk getting low grades or not being taken seriously in school, if you fail to take initiatives of finding out how to format your paper remarkably. In addition, you have to ascertain how to write a research paper so as to know what your tutor wants and the best format that will fit your assignment.
An Overview on Research Paper Format- What to Know
Research paper writing is a demanding procedure that you have to spare enough time to pursue. You have to be focused and disciplined enough to get every facet of the research paper right. It is more challenging if you are the one to determine which research paper format will fit your assignment. There are diverse research paper formats that you can make use of when writing a research paper at any level.
Most research paper will be written in either the American Psychological Association format (APA) or the Modern Language Association (MLA). Whenever assigned a research paper, it is wise to always look at the given instructions and ascertain whichever format the tutor wants the paper to be written in. You have to follow the basics of MLA and APA formatting styles guidelines while writing research papers regardless of any other requirements from the tutor. The modern language association (MLA) format is used in;
- And English Assignments
Whereas the American Psychological Association (APA) format style is used in;
- Psychology and
- Sociology classes
MLA format style is the mostly relied on and easy to follow. However, depending on the requirements of the tutor, you can go for any format style but keep the basics in mind. For instance, when applying the MLA format style, your research paper should be double-spaced and typed in a 12-point font that is easy to read and a good example is the Times New Roman font. The paper itself should display the name of the author, the tutor of who it is for or class number. The date the assignment is due should be included on separate lines in the top of the corner of the first page.
APA format style is similar to the MLA style, but there are a few noteworthy disparities. APA research papers should as well be double-spaced and typed in a 10 to 12 font size such as Times New Roman. On top of this, APA format style requires the first page of the paper to be a title page followed by a brief abstract of the intended paper ideas. The first page should start at the top of the page with the title. A header is crucial too on each page. The title has to be justified to the left and the page number justified to the right on each page. You have to provide citation at the end of the paper.
Guide to Writing a Research Paper
Writing research papers is a skill that every student should sharpen. You cannot simply get a pen and paper or stare at a cursor on your computer and expect to draft a great paper. Practice makes perfect whenever it comes to research paper writing. A series of steps can help you develop a high quality research paper format. They include;
- Choose an appealing topic- You have to go for a topic that interests and challenges you as your attitude towards the topic will determine your enthusiasm and effort you put into research. You have to focus on a narrowed aspect and select an issue that you can manage.
- Find information- The internet is the best place to gather helpful information for your research paper. Use search engines and other search tools that can make the researching process much easier. Visit your library too and gather enough material from books, magazines or journals concerning the topic of discussion. Read and evaluate each material that you come across and ascertain whether it fits your paper.
- State your research paper thesis- Do some critical thinking and write your thesis down in one clear and short sentence. The thesis is like a declaration of your belief. Make arguments that you can support with facts about this belief.
- Write an outline- Develop an introduction, body and conclusion paragraphs. All the details that you give ought to relate to the topic of discussion. If you write a good outline, it will make it easy to organize your paper on a logical manner.
- Write the first draft- State the first topic in your outline. Summarize from each idea that you plan to use in your research paper. Go on and put your ideas in the order of your outline.
- Revise your outline and draft and make sure that there are no grammar, spelling or punctuation flaws. Any writing flaws can make your research paper lose focus or make your research paper format fail to meet tutor’s or reader’s expectations.
How to Use the Best Research Paper Format
Early preparation is crucial when it comes to determining which format will fit your paper. Remember you will have to spend time to ascertain what to write about, research and know the best research paper format to use. Knowing what makes the formatting process smooth builds confidence in many writers. In addition, it is not a crime or punishable to inquire from your classmates, tutors or seek help from experts. However, you should never plagiarize any other writers work if you cannot ascertain what format to go for. There are adverse consequences that come with taking such actions. The following instructions will help you benefit from the best format while writing your research paper;
- Put the contents of the research paper in the following order; title page, abstract, outline or table of contents, list of illustrations, the text of the paper, footnotes of bibliography and index.
- The title page should be centered and about halfway down the page. It should carry the title of the study, author’s name and institution.
- Create a good abstract- It should appear on a separate page. Write in paragraph form and include a concise summary of the paper. Tell readers more on the problem, major hypothesis, sample, brief description of the measures and core conclusion among many other things.
- Write your paper outline- The first page of the body should have, centered an full title of the study. State the problem being discussed, statement of the cause-effect relationship been looked at and major results and conclusions.
- List illustrations on a separate page. Write down the name and page number of all illustrations included in your paper.
- Create an index- Draft your index section on a separate page and list all core topics, citations, references and names that appear in the paper together with the page number on which each reference occurs. It is wise to do this in an alphabetical order.
- Make sure you edit and proofread your paper for common writing errors. Check your paper for plagiarism and submit it on time.
With the above details and you still find it hard to come up with a great research paper format, find a few sample papers and learn more from them. Good samples papers will expound more on how you research paper should look like or entail. Below are a few samples research papers written in the common format styles;
The economy of the world is growing at a rapid pace and it is the aim of every public corporation to deliver products that are of high quality in regard to services and goods to international and domestic markets. There is urgent need to produce products that are highly competitive and which give consumers the highest satisfaction level…find this sample at and many others here.
If you find it daunting to develop a good research paper format, do not fret. We would like to assist you in producing quality papers. We offer affordable and quality research paper writing and editing services. We also post free sample research papers online for students in need or those who want to learn. If interested in any of our services, get in touch with us anytime of the day or night. You may also want to find more on other services that we offer, continue looking in this blog.
If you want to know how to write great introductions, you must use introduction examples as your writing guides. Introduction samples are examples of the first paragraphs of different types of writing written by experienced writers. When readers start reading your essay, paper, report or review, they want to comprehend new text that might be complex to them. Their aim is to get a glimpse of what your paper, essay, report, review or any other writing is about. The introduction is the first paragraph of your writing and it should provide the context or background of your writing while highlighting the purpose or goal of your writing. A detailed and explicit introduction will show readers the complexity and richness of the work that they are about to read while setting expectations for them- writing.wisc.edu.
The introduction also serves the purpose of intriguing and grabbing the attention and interest of the readers so that they can read on. Apart from providing a brief overview of the work, it also states a thesis statement which is a sentence or two that summarize the entire work.
There are different types of introductions depending on the angle that is taken in writing it, the mood and purpose of the work.
Here are introduction examples for various types of essays, papers and reviews:
- Funnel introduction
This is an introduction that starts by revealing the background information that leads to a thesis statement. Background information establishes the context for the reader while grabbing their attention. The provided information should be compelling to the readers so that they can want to read on.
“Identity theft has been around throughout the history of mankind. Unscrupulous people have always pretended to be other people often with an aim of gaining financially, socially or politically. Using the right demeanor and appearance, the unscrupulous individuals have presented themselves like bishops and kings. Today, identity theft is more than a prevalent problem. With access to social security names, numbers as well as other types of personal information, thieves can now steal identities with ease to leave their victims struggling to repair their damaged reputation. Identity theft in the current information age is a problem that has claimed the lives of many innocent people. Therefore, better regulations must be implemented by the government to ensure that this crime comes to an end.”
Note that the introduction starts by providing background information about identity theft and then links it with the current problem of identity theft in the information age. It also ends by giving a hint of what the paper or essay will be about which is to argue for the implementation of better regulations by the government in order to end identity theft as a crime. This ensures that readers are not only interested in reading on but that they also get an overview of what the paper or essay will be about.
- Quotation introduction
Quotation introduction examples start with a quote that leads readers to a thesis statement. The quote can be a statement by a famous person, a saying or a proverb.
““Do not trust a man that is not liked by your dog.” This proverb implies that dogs are good at telling the character of an individual better than humans. This has been proven in many ways. When assessing the character of a person, dogs have a great talent. However, one may ask, how do dogs do this? This essay will show this with explanations from various pet behaviorists.”
This introduction starts with a quote that intrigues the readers to want to read more. At the end, the introduction states the thesis statement or what the essay will be about. Thus, after reading this introduction, readers can clearly tell what the essay will be about.
- Thought-provoking question
An introduction that starts with a thought-provoking question stimulates the interest of the readers. You can choose a rhetorical question so that readers can consider alternative viewpoints. You can also choose a direct question so that you can lead readers to your thesis statement directly. This kind of introduction is ideal for essays that compare and contrast ideas, viewpoints or things. It can also be used for essays or papers that discuss advantages and disadvantages of something or controversial topics- ehow.com.
“Considering the freedoms that the enslaved individuals were denied, you cannot help but ask why would the focus of Fredrick Douglas be on literacy and education? Douglas says that slavery and education were incompatible. He says that everything was done to cripple the individual intellects of slaves while darkening their minds. Douglass clearly states that some slave owners even destroyed their mental capacities. However, his life is a proof that all these efforts were unsuccessful. This paper will demonstrate the reasons why Fredrick Douglas focuses on literacy and education in his narrative despite the many freedoms that the enslaved individuals were denied.”
- Anecdote introduction
There are introduction examples that start with an anecdote or a short story or narrative. An introduction that begins with a short story or narrative invites and entices readers to continue reading.
“Finally, James Martin was ready to buy a home. He had spent years working hard and saving money in his savings account. He had paid bills and credit card debts diligently. Martin visited his bank with confidence about his credit rating to find out what mortgage plan he could qualify for. However, he was startled by the information that he got from the bank. Due to his defaulted home loan and a debt of $40,000 in his credit card, his car had to be repossessed for failing to make payments on time. Martin was an identity theft victim just like several other Americans. Rather than getting ready to relocate to a new home, Martin had to start another long journey of restoring his damaged name and reclaiming his identity. This is one case of many identity theft instances which show the seriousness of the crime and the need for the government to implement regulations that will put it to an end.”
- Survey introduction
In this kind of an introduction, the writer starts by providing an overview of the information of the paper or essay to arouse the interest of the reader. This kind of an introduction allows readers a chance to disagree or to agree with the presented opinion while enticing them to continue reading.
“Individual styles of learning form an education field that is becoming increasingly popular as a research area. Generally, it is acknowledged that students learn differently. This is because students have different weaknesses, strengths and interests. To give students effective instructions, teachers should know various ways through which students learn so that they can plan their lessons accordingly. This essay will explain how teachers can identify the learning styles of their students.”
Notes that the introduction provides an overview of the work while presenting facts whose basis is previous studies. This captures the attention of the readers while compelling them to read on-web2.uvcs.uvic.ca.
- Surprising or interesting fact
You can also write an introduction that includes surprising or interesting facts that captures the attention of the readers while drawing their interest to read on.
Currently, cyber crime is one of the fastest growing types of crime in the U.S. In 2014 alone, more than nine million Americans were victims of cyber crime in one way or another. It is also estimated that cyber crime costs the American economy more than 50 billion dollars every year. Since some cases of cyber crime go unreported, the numbers might be higher. This paper will show how serious cyber crime is and why the government ought to implement regulations that will help in ending this crime.”
Anybody who is not privy to such information will find the facts surprising and this will raise their curiosity and interest to read on.
- Definition introduction
This is an introduction that starts with the definition of unknown or difficult term that will be used in the paper or essay. Such an introduction can capture the attention of the reader especially if it is for a term that is new to them.
We are made unique by our identity. Identity is the distinguishing personality or character of a person. Once your identity is stolen, your distinguishing personality or character is stolen. This includes your address, name, employment history, social security number and credit history among others. Therefore, it is no wonder that people who have suffered identity theft endure a deep feeling of violation while struggling to reclaim their good identity. As such, the government must implement regulations that will end identity theft because as a serious crime, it has ruined the reputation of millions of innocent people.”
Note that the introduction starts by defining identity after which it provides details of that definition. This gives readers a clear comprehension of what identity is before stating a thesis statement. Such introduction examples are common in expository essays and papers.
If you face difficulties while writing an introduction for your paper, essay or report, talk to us for assistance. You can also visit our homepage for more information regarding our writing services. Alternatively, keep reading for more academic writing guidelines and introduction examples on this blog.
How to Write an Introduction for a Research Paper
Knowing how to write an introduction for a research paper is important if you want to master the art of writing good academic papers. In fact, it is the best way through which you can be able to deliver outstanding research papers, essays, dissertations among others. Herein, you will be able to get professional advice on how to write an introduction for a research paper with so much ease.
Mastering the art of how to write an introduction for a research paper requires you to first understand what an introduction is. A research paper introduction refers to the first statements or section of the paper. It is the part whereby you should give a short background information about the subject of the paper.
Apart from background information, you should also clearly state your thesis in the introduction of the paper. This implies the introduction should be written in a way that shows the audience what to expect in the other parts of the research paper. The opening statements of your paper should vividly tell the readers about its contents and also the format in which the ideas will be presented.
In simple terms, an introduction for a research paper should begin with statements supporting your topic and end with a hypothesis. In this way, your readers will be given a theoretical context of the paper, thereby understanding the way in which points are argued out in the body and conclusion.
Guidelines on how to write an introduction for a research paper
Writing a research paper introduction is not quite different from those of other academic papers. However, there are certain things that you have to put into consideration when planning how to write an introduction for a research paper in order to deliver the best piece.
The following tips will help you in writing a unique and outstanding research paper introduction.
Understand the question of the paper
In most occasions, students often rush into writing assignments and term papers without taking time to determine what is required and this only leads to mistakes that you can easily avoid.
Carefully read the question and make sure that you know what is required and how the topic should be handled. In case there is something that you do not understand properly, it is advisable that you inquire from your instructor or tutor. Doing this will make it much easier for you to plan how to go about crafting the introduction.
Conduct thorough research
Although some subjects may seem too easy and simple, it is recommended that you do a little research in order to get adequate information. While doing the research, ensure that you properly read and digest the materials for research.
Research can be done from friends, libraries and online. It is also important that you collect the sources from which you have gathered the information to use. Take notes as you research for quick reference during the writing process.
Formulate a thesis for the paper
A thesis statement or hypothesis is the basis of the research and should clearly show your readers the key idea that you intend to address in the paper. It has to be well thought out and analyzed in a sentence or two so readers can know what to anticipate in the paper.
Considering that the introduction should be brief, the thesis should also be short and clear, focusing on the main context of the research.
Steps on how to write an introduction for a research paper
There are procedures on how to write an introduction for a research paper that should always be followed. By writing your introduction based on the steps outlined below, you will be able to clearly present all the elements of a good one in the right format.
Draft an outline
An outline acts as the framework which outlines the contents of the introduction. You can decide to write one specifically for the introduction or include other parts of the paper in the same one. However, the outline must show the details or information that you want to present in the introduction, including the thesis statement.
Open the paper with a few statements highlighting the topic
In the first sentences of the introduction, you should give the readers some important information or key facts about the subject of research. Provide a general idea of the issue that will be discussed in the paper.
If the research paper is a scientific one, you can start by discussing the significance of the study. It is also important to give a rationale behind the model of the experiment and how it achieved your objectives.
Research papers that are based on humanities should be written according to the ‘inverted pyramid’ approach. This technique requires you to begin the introduction with a general background information on the topic, then narrowing down towards the thesis statement.
Consider other ‘starters’ for the paper
There are other approaches that you can also take in crafting the opening statements of a research paper. You can choose to use the ones outlined in the above step or consider anecdotes, quotes, and news stories among others.
You can also introduce the paper by comparing and contrasting two events, ideas or people. However, the best choice will be based on the subject of study and also your objectives.
Put the thesis in the final part of the introduction
The hypothesis should move away from the general information given in the first sentences and focus on the specific issue that your study is based on. Although you may use a couple of sentences to illustrate your thesis, it has to clearly show your objective in writing the research paper.
When writing the hypothesis, avoid using vague words or terms that your audience will have a difficulty in understanding. The main point is to make your readers know the particular angle that will be pursued in the research paper in brief.
Give a recap of the main points and how they will be handled
The purpose of the introduction is to act as a window through which your readers can easily see the discussion contained in the research paper. After stating the thesis, it is advisable that you continue to give a brief highlight on the main points that will be addressed in the paper, and also how each will be handled to conclusion.
However, do not give too much information that will end up disclosing all the details meant for the other sections of the paper. Also make sure that the introduction is smoothly linked to the body paragraphs in a way that readers can follow.
A good introduction should be just one paragraph, however, there are cases that you may need more than one depending on the topic of the research.
Go through the written work
It is advisable that you always take some time to re-evaluate your writing in order to be sure that the introduction meets the requirements of the paper. Carefully read through the introductory paragraph (s) and make the necessary corrections before proceeding to the other sections.
Examples of research paper introductions
Reading sample research paper introductions is also another way through which you can easily find out how to write an introduction for a research paper. The following are some examples to assist you in writing a good introduction.
Research Paper on Women Disadvantaged in Leadership
‘’Today, women have been increasingly hailed for excellent leadership skills. Women at times manifest better leadership skills than their male counterparts, especially those linked to cases of effective leadership performance. However, most people in the modern world prefer male bosses to female ones. His has made it difficult for women to acquire leadership roles…’’
Read the rest of this sample introduction for a research paper on this link.
Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness
‘’The world’s economy is rapidly growing and it is the objective of every public corporation to deliver products of the highest quality with regards to services and goods to international and domestic markets. There is urgent need for production of highly competitive products that can give consumers the best satisfaction. This has contributed to increased competition among private and public corporations for international and local markets…’’
Click here to read the entire introduction.
Sample Research Paper on Iraq-Iran War
‘’The attack unleashed on Iran by Iraq marked the start of the Iraq-Iran war. This assault introduced concurrent attacks through land and space into the kingdom of Iran on 22nd September 1980. Consequently, there was a history of long standing boundary disagreements as well as Shia revolution’s qualms among the Shia majority, which has suffered repression for a long time in Iraq.
The Iraq-Iran war lasted for almost three years, making it one of the most exorbitant battles fought in that century. More than a million people died during the war and another million injured in both countries…’’
Read the whole sample research paper introduction here.
If you need help on how to write a research paper simply get in touch with us. Alternatively, you can also refer to our homepage for more information on the custom research paper writing services that we offer.
How to Write a Thesis for a Research Paper
Every student should know how to write a thesis for a research paper because writing research papers is a must for students pursuing most college and university programs. A thesis is a statement that captures the position that is taken on the main idea or topic of a research paper- cws.illinois.edu. It can also be defined as a statement that tells readers of a research paper the significance of a subject matter that is being discussed and how it will be interpreted. Simply put, it is a road map of a research paper since it tells readers what they should expect from the entire paper- writingcenter.unc.edu.
Anybody who knows how to write strong thesis statements for research papers know that writing a thesis is a process that entails a long thinking process. You do not formulate a thesis immediately after reading your research paper writing assignment. Before developing your argument, you need to analyze the assignment, gather and organize supporting evidence and then look for the existing relationships between the already known facts including similarities and contrasts.
You also need to think about the importance of the existing relationships. By the time you complete this thinking, you will have probably developed a working thesis, the main or basic idea on which to base your research paper. The thesis or basic idea should be an argument that can be supported with solid evidence though it can be adjusted in the process of writing.
A guide on how to write a thesis for a research paper
Identify your research paper topic
The topic of a research paper refers to the subject that you are to write a research paper on. Your research writing assignment can suggest different ways of evaluating your topic or it can highlight general concepts that you should analyze or explore in the paper.
To identify a topic for a research paper:
- Consider what you are required to do by the assignment
- Learn more about the topic
- Focus on a single aspect of the topic
- Ask yourself if the topic is worth your efforts
While identifying the topic of your research paper, always have the entire paper that you will write in mind. This is very important because your thesis may have to change when you generate new ideas, find more evidence, insights or even take a varying perspective or approach towards the topic.
Derive the main points from your topic
After identifying the topic of your research paper, you have to derive the main points that you will include in the paper. Summarize them into a single point or the controlling idea of your paper. This idea will be at the core of the main argument in the paper. It will also be the paper’s unifying idea that will link all sub-thesis. The controlling idea can be turned into the purpose statement that tells readers what you will tell them in the paper.
Topic: The role of Franco in the Axis and Allies diplomatic relationships
Purpose statement: The diplomacy of Franco during the World War II will be analyzed in this paper to find out how he contributed to the neutrality of Spain.
Note that while writing a research paper, you can clarify, restrict and refine the argument and then craft a thesis that reflects your writing or thinking.
Come up with a draft thesis
To compose a drat thesis, start with a purpose statement that was drafted from the identified topic. For instance;
Topic: The Reform Party and its influence on the Congressional and presidential elections of 1990
Purpose statement: In this research paper, the grassroots, Perot-led, conservative party’s history will be analyzed and how it influenced social and economic ideologies of the mainstream parties.
Thesis: The grassroots, Perot-led, conservative party influenced the social and economic ideologies of the mainstream parties during the congressional and presidential elections of 1990 as it will be illustrated in this paper.
Your thesis should be the main idea or a sentence that gives a summary of the main idea of your research paper. Therefore, before writing a thesis for your research paper, list down your main ideas and then summarize them into one or two sentences.
Refine your draft thesis
To get the final thesis, you have to refine the draft thesis to make it arguable and specific.
To do this, you need to:
- Ask whether the draft thesis that you have composed addresses your assignment
- Question every part of the draft thesis
- Clarify vague assertions and phrases
- Investigate the alternatives of the draft thesis
Assignment: Using an activity of your choice, define how it symbolizes the American culture. Your research paper should make readers think critically regarding the society that engages in and enjoys the chosen activity.
Draft thesis: Some drive-in facilities such as drive-in movies are a symbol of the culture of the Americans and they demonstrate the society’s characteristics and they have changed the movie going activity of American families.
Refined thesis: Although drive-in facilities that include movie theaters, fast-food restaurants, dry cleaners and pharmacies symbolize the business ingenuity of the Americans, they have led to an increase in culture homogenization; desire to depersonalize the existing relationships and the tendency of the Americans to sacrifice in order to enjoy convenience.
Note that the refined thesis is specific and it fulfills the requirements of the assignment which is what people who know how to write a thesis for a research paper focus on.
Complete your thesis
Remember that context is very important and therefore consider your lecture notes and course materials. Make sure that your thesis relates to the ideas that your instructor discusses. Always have the assignment or writing prompt in mind because your thesis will be more successful if it responds to your assignment than when it argues ideas that are semi-related. If your research paper evolves, change its thesis too because your thesis should not promise what the paper will not deliver.
More on how to write a thesis for a research paper
- Before writing a thesis, determine the kind of a research paper that you are required to write. Depending on the assignment or writing prompt, your research paper can be analytical, expository or argumentative- owl.english.purdue.edu.
- Make sure that your thesis answers the writing question or prompt and that it takes a position that can be opposed or challenged by other scholars. Avoid a statement that simply states mere facts that cannot be disagreed with.
- Come up with a specific and clear thesis. As you refine your thesis, revise arguments to ensure that your thesis evolves and becomes more defined on the basis of the sense of your argument. Limit your thesis to what you can accomplish in writing a research paper with specific pages- cws.illinois.edu.
- Be flexible as you write your thesis and do not use first person in writing a thesis. Start with a single sentence that captures the identified topic, answer the question, narrow down to the topic, and then verify your thesis.
- Ensure that you have adequate supporting evidence for your thesis and that it can pass the “why and how” test. After reading your thesis, readers should not respond by “why?” or “how?” questions. A thesis that raises such questions fails to provide guidance to the readers and it is too open-ended.
Sample theses for research papers
Anybody who knows how to write a thesis for a research paper must have used sample theses for research papers at some point. You can know how to write strong thesis with ease by using samples and following the steps highlighted above.
Here are links to examples of theses for research papers:
- Students should get adequate sleep at night in order to be successful at school.
- In Harry Potter and Sorcerer’s stone” chess game is the same as the struggle that was seen between Harry and Voldemort during the whole series.
Note that these samples of theses make claims or arguments. They are not fact statements and therefore they are not indisputable. Additionally, they are not merely stating opinions. They are making claims rather than passing opinions. Basically, a good thesis should have corroborating evidence. It should indicate to the reader why the claim or argument that is being made is reasonable and persuasive.
Get help with your thesis for a research paper
If you are encountering difficulties as you try to write a thesis for your research paper contact us any time for assistance. You can also visit the home page of our website for more details of our writing services. You may also keep reading for more guidelines on how to write a thesis for a research paper as well as sample thesis for research papers on our blog.
How to Write a Thesis for Research Paper Examples
Being a student, you should know how to write a thesis for research paper examples because a thesis will always be at the core of most academic papers that you will write throughout your academic life. A thesis is a statement that reflects the argument that you make in a research paper. It is a sentence that makes the claim of a research paper that can be disputed by others- writingcenter.unc.edu.
A thesis for a research paper is usually one or two sentences that appear in the first paragraph of a research paper and they present the argument of the paper. The other parts of the paper or the body presents evidence in an organized way in supporting the claim or persuading readers about the logic of the interpretation that is presented in the paper.
Guidelines on how to write a thesis for research paper examples
An effective thesis for research paper examples should be clear and specific in stating the purpose of a research paper. This is because it asserts, control and structure the argument of the entire paper. Since you are writing a thesis for researcher paper examples, you should come up with a sound thesis that can easily be understood by the reader. It should also be strong, interesting and providing direction to the reader.
Pick interesting topics for your research paper examples
This should always be the first step in writing theses for your research paper examples. This is because how you write every aspect of the sample paper will depend on the topic that you will be writing the paper on. However, there are cases when you may have somebody else decide the topic of your research paper.
Explore the topic
Exploring the topic of your research paper example will enable you to narrow down the subject that the topic requires you to address or argue about while writing the research paper example. For instance, there are many aspects that should be considered when writing a research paper example on computers. They include software, hardware and programming. However, these are vague topics and they cannot make strong theses for research paper examples. Nevertheless, a topic like the effect that Steve Jobs had on modern industry of computers is clearer and can therefore be used to formulate a thesis of a research paper example.
Know the kind of research paper examples that you are writing
This entails knowing the purpose of the paper and its intended audience. Usually, instructors assign research papers but you can choose the kind of papers to write when writing research paper examples. It is important to know the kind of a research paper example that you are writing because these will considerably impact on your thesis. For instance, when writing a thesis for a persuasive research paper example, your purpose is to present the argument followed by evidence for supporting the claim. For a descriptive research paper example, a thesis should provide a description of something to a given audience group.
Write down a thesis that describes the research project
A research paper is written after conducting a research. Therefore, a thesis for a research should describe the research project in a brief manner. It should tell readers why the paper or project is important and why readers should care.
List down opposing evidence if it exists
During your research, you may have come across opposing evidence. List it down and summarize it to include it in your thesis and then come up with a thesis that provides an overview of the research. Your thesis should be a concise summary of the information or argument that will be made in the research paper example- info-skills.lib.vt.edu.
Narrow down, clarify and refine your thesis
Anybody who knows how to write a thesis for research paper examples knows that a good thesis is narrow, clear and refined. It should include only what will be discussed in the paper. Therefore, narrow down your thesis to ensure that it tells readers only what will be covered in the paper. This enables readers to know whether the research paper example provides the information or data that they are looking for.
Revise your thesis accordingly
Always remember that you do not have to write an absolute thesis. Your thesis should be subjected to changes as you write your research paper example- owl.english.purdue.edu. If your opinion or direction changes as you write the paper, revise your thesis accordingly. Therefore, re-read thesis continuously and always compare it with the research paper example that you are writing to make appropriate changes when necessary. After completing your paper, re-visit your thesis to determine whether it needs revision.
These samples will help you know how to write a thesis for research paper examples
A good thesis is not easy to write because it requires you to explore your topic, think and analyze the available evidence to support it. However, with sample theses you can easily know how good theses for research paper examples should be written.
Here are examples of theses for different topics of research paper examples that should guide you in writing your thesis:
Example # 1
Topic: The One-Child Policy of China ought to be reversed
Thesis: The intention of the one-child policy of China was to help in controlling population growth. However, it has caused negative and unintended consequences that include a reduction in labor force, neglecting human rights, increase in aging population, and imbalance in gender population. Therefore, this policy ought to be reversed to improve the current situation in China.
Example # 2
Topic: Foreign Aid that goes to Africa is not effective
Thesis: Foreign aid that goes to African countries hurts them and it therefore ought to be discontinued since the practice has increased the vulnerability of most African countries to currency fluctuation, inflation, civil unrest and corruption.
Example # 3
Topic: Marijuana ought to be legalized
Thesis: There are several applications of marijuana that include treating glaucoma, cancer and epilepsy symptoms. Legalizing its use in the United States will have great benefits for the medical sector since it will allow physicians to access it with ease.
Determining whether your thesis for research paper example is strong
Anybody who reads your thesis will tell whether you know how to write a thesis for research paper examples depending on its strength and effectiveness. Basically, there are questions that you need to ask to determine if you have a strong thesis for your research paper example- Read more here.
- Does your thesis answer the question or writing prompt?
You should re-read your thesis and the question to determine if it answers the question prompt fully. If it does not, rewrite it.
- Is the thesis specific?
Usually, a vague thesis cannot make a strong argument. Avoid a thesis that includes words likes good or successful and instead include more specific words.
- Is your thesis disputable?
The position that a thesis takes should be challengeable or one that others can oppose. A statement that cannot be disagreed with is not a thesis. It is simply a summary of an argument or a statement of facts.
- Does your thesis pass the “so what” question?
A thesis that leads to the “so what?” question after reading it is not strong and effective. Therefore, make it clearer or connect it with a larger issue.
- Does your thesis pass the “how and why” question?
If after reading your thesis the first question that one asks is “how… or why…”, then it does not provide guidance to the reader and it could be open ended. Therefore, make it clearer or add something to make it clearer to the audience.
- Is your thesis supported by your research paper example?
Your thesis should be supported by the rest of the research paper example without wandering. If you have a thesis that does not work properly with the body, change it. Remember that a thesis should not be absolute and it should be revised accordingly so that it can work according to your topic and argument. Make sure that your thesis reflects the things that you identified as you start writing the research paper example.
Additional guidelines on how to write a thesis for research paper examples
- Your thesis should enable you to keep the argument of a research paper example focused. Therefore, do not use vague words in writing your thesis
- Avoid technical language unless when writing a technical research paper example
- Make sure that your thesis does more than announcing the topic of your research paper example or simply stating a fact.
- Avoid universal judgments that will oversimplify a complex issue.
Need help with theses for research paper examples?
If you need help with your theses for research paper examples, talk to us today. You may also visit the home page of our website for more information regarding our writing services. Alternatively, keep reading for more guidelines on how to write a thesis for research paper examples and sample thesis on our blog.